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Owen Bulka and Liam Morris
Transcript of Owen Bulka and Liam Morris
CULTURE: The Kwakiutl carved ceremonial face masks, rattles and serving dishes from wood (probably cedar) and hand painted them. The Kwakiutl made clothes out of buckskin. The women wore skirts and the men wore no clothes at all, but sometimes they wore a cloth around their middle. The Kwakiutl had a ceremony called the potlatch where they gave each other gifts, kind of like Christmas. In their native Wakashan language, the name for Kwakiutl is Kwakwaka’wakw. The Kwakiutl traded with European settlers and explorers and they also had slaves. The settlers carried a disease, which nearly wiped out the Kwakiutl population, which was about eight thousand when the Europeans came. It dropped to about one thousand after the plague and today the population is close to three thousand five hundred. They primarily live in British Columbia Canada.
FOOD: The Kwakiutl were mostly fishing people because they lived close to the sea. They also ate sugar, flour, potatoes, tea, game animals, berries, and roots. They ate the fish, clams, shellfish and sea mammals that they caught from their canoe
SHELTER: Historically the Kwakiutl mostly lived in traditional cedar houses with cedar bark roofs. The entrances featured hand made totem poles. Houses could be one hundred feet long and house up to fifty people. They traveled and fished in cedar canoes.
GEOGRAPHY: The Kwakiutl lived along the shores and water ways between Vancouver they still live now Canadian areas in British Columbia, where there is a mild rainy climate.
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GOVERNMENT: The Kwakiutl tribe had about fifteen bands (a basic unit of government), each with their own government and services like small countries. The Kwakiutl eventually became Canadian citizens, so they obeyed Canadian law. The Kwakiutl councils had six councilors and one chief that were elected by the people (like our presidents and governors), and they usually served for two years.