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Social capital and young people
Transcript of Social capital and young people
National Centre for Vocational Education Research What is social capital? The attributes and qualities of family, social and community networks that facilitate cooperation between individuals and communities Impact on child and youth development
Improve educational engagement, achievement and participation
Transcends background factors The LSAY data Modelling educational participation Does social capital make a difference? Education production function: maximum outputs based on different inputs Model the impact of social capital on educational participation LSAY cohort >> Social capital at age 15
>> Participation in education and training at age 17 Limitations and considerations Unobserved effects Value-added specification (achievement) Endogeneity bias Student-teacher relations Sport (females) Model academic orientation Control for background effects Substitute high and low values of social capital into model School connectedness (males) Participation in activities Other considerations What is the relationship between social capital and the background factors? Measuring social capital Network characteristics What we found Factor analysis
group together common data items family background
post-school plans 26 social capital data items early waves post-school study
life satisfaction later waves school
influence of networks social capital + 26 data items 5 factors influence of networks connectedness with school student-teacher relations participation in activities participation in sport Pierre Bourdieu
Robert Putnam Social capital makes a difference Follows groups of young people from their mid-teens to their mid-twenties Uses nationally representative samples Collects data from the same people over different points in time Collectively known as a cohort Parental education and occupation
School sector Social capital theory qualities
transactions Network types Bridging General networks: strangers, civic groups Bonding Linking Informal networks: family, friends, neighbours Institutional networks: access to information, public institutions, resources and services The literature Parental involvement supports educational outcomes School environment increases engagement Community participation promotes well-being and social outcomes Friendships encourage individual social capital Participation in activities is the most important
Student-teacher relations also plays a significant role Types of social capital that is beneficial differs
Females, sport also has positive affects
For males, school connections plays some role Findings underestimate net effects of social capital Social capital has potential to mediate effects of disadvantage Social capital evenly distributed across different academic orientations