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The Effects of Poverty on Education
Transcript of The Effects of Poverty on Education
James Coleman, sociologist who studied mainly the sociology of education
Proposed that children from poor families and homes, lacking the prime conditions or values to support education, could not learn, regardless of what the school did.
Ronald Edmonds, then Director of the Center for Urban Studies at Harvard University, set out to prove Coleman wrong.
Characteristics of Effective Schools
Strong administrative leadership.
An orderly atmosphere.
Basic skills acquisition as the school’s primary purpose.
Capacity to divert school energy and resources from other activities to advance the school’s basic purpose.
Frequent monitoring of pupil progress.
Effects of Poverty on Education: 10 Facts.
31% of young adults without a high school diploma live in poverty, compared to the 24% of young people who finished high school.
40% of children living in poverty aren’t prepared for primary schooling.
By the end of the 4th grade, African-American, Hispanic and low-income students are already 2 years behind grade level. By the time they reach the 12th grade they are 4 years behind.
Educational Opportunity Fund Program
To Success: The Effects of Poverty on Education
Public schools can and do make a difference, even those comprised of students from poverty backgrounds.
Children from poverty backgrounds can learn at high levels as a result of public schools.
1. What is the "Poverty Line"?
According to the 2014 U.S. Census Bureau, it is a family of 4 (2 adults, 2 children under 18) that earns less than $24,817.
More than 30 million children are growing up in poverty.
In 2011, nearly 46.2 million Americans were living in poverty.
Children living in poverty have a higher number of absenteeism or leave school all together because they are more likely to have to work or care for family members.
Dropout rates of 16 to 24-year-old students who come from low income families are seven times more likely to drop out than those from families with higher incomes.
9. In 2013, the dropout rate for students in the nation was at 8% for African American youth, 7% for Hispanic youth, and 4% for Asian youth, which are all higher than the dropout rate for Caucasian youth (4%).
10. Less than 30% of students in the bottom quarter of incomes enroll in a 4 year school. Among that group – less than 50% graduate.
Median Family Income: $27, 179
88.8% earned a cumulative GPA of 2.0 or better. 38% earned GPAs of 3.0 or better.
Independent Sector: 88% Retention Rate, Instituional Retention Rate is 80.5%
SPU- 54% 4-year Graduation Rate.
- Irregardless of economic status, children CAN learn, and public schools DO have a profound impact
- With the proper support, (familial, institutional, etc.) students can THRIVE.
- Those who come from impoverished backgrounds do have a higher probability of discontinuing his/her education, but this does not indicate that he/she is UNABLE to learn.
. "11 Facts About Education and Poverty in
America." 11 Facts About Education and Poverty in America. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Nov. 2015.
Bennerson, Audrey. "Educational Opportunity Fund
Progress Report." Educational Opportunity Fund Progress Report MAY 2015 Office of the Secretary of Higher Education (2015): 1-49. Educational Opportunity Fund Program Data. State of NJ, Office of the Secretary of Higher Education, 1 May 2015. Web. 2 Nov. 2015.