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Parts of Speech

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by

Brittney Hall

on 13 September 2011

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Transcript of Parts of Speech

Parts of Speech
Verb
Noun
Adjective
Adverb
Pronoun
Preposition
Conjunction
Interjection
Describes an action or state of being
Verb Tenses
-present tense
-simple past
-future tense
-present perfect tense
-past perfect tense
-future perfect tense
-present progressive
-past progressive
-future progressive
-present perfect progressive
-past perfect progressive
-future perfect progressive
Can you think of a few examples?
names a person, place, or thing
Proper Nouns
Common Nouns
- refer to specific people places or things
- refer to general people, places, or things
Singular
Plural
List a few nouns
Describes/modifies a noun
They tell us: which one, what kind, or how many.
Fill in the blank:
The _______ cat
describes/modifies verbs, adjectives, & other adverbs
Questions:
when?
where?
how?
why?
under what conditions?
to what degress?
Think of some adverbs
expresses the relationship between 2 words in a sentence
Ex. in, out, under, above, about
prepositions always come in a prepositional phrase:
The plane was in the air
Construct a sentence with a prepositonal phrase
a word that is used in place of a noun
antecedent - noun being replaced by the pronoun
Create a sentence with a pronoun & its antecedent
plural
singular
joins 2 or more parts of a sentence (words, phrases, or clauses) and expresses the relationship between those parts
coordinating conjunction - connects grammatically equivalent elements but cannot connect an independent and dependent clause
7 coordinating conjunctions
and
or
nor
for
but
so
yet
correlative conjunction - connects grammatically equivalent elements
both/and
not only/but also
not/but
either/or
neither/nor
whether/or
as/as
subordinating conjunction - an adverb that introduces a subordinate clause & connects a subordinate & independent clause
Ex. Both my sister and my brother work with computers.
Ex. Jill came tumbling after Jack had fallen.
conjunctive adverb - introduces independent clauses
main clause + ; + conjuctive adverb + , + main clause
Ex. Dark skies and distant thunder dissuaded Miss Hall from her afternoon run; moreover, she had 35 creation myths to grade for her morning class.
a word added to a sentence to convey emotion
(not grammatically related to any other part of the sentence)
Ex. Ouch, That hurt!
gerund - verb base + ing
functions as a noun
Ex. I love reading graphic novels.
infinitive - to + verb
Ex. Do you plan to submit your college application tomorrow?
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