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World War I

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Emiko O'Cadiz

on 3 February 2015

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Transcript of World War I

By: Asia Merritt, Emiko O'Cadiz, And Ayia Ismael
Interlocking Alliances that Started the War:
Militarism is the belief that a country should maintain a strong military and be prepared to defend or promote national interest.
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World War I
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A political, military, or economic agreement between 2 or more nations where multiple nations have alliances with nations that are also allied, have treaties, or giving aid to other nations.
Imperialism is similar to taking candy from a baby. Stronger countries would attack weaker countries, that they know can't defend themselves, to gain more territory.
The desire to gain more land to build a bigger, more powerful empire helped lead to WWI.
Think: Aggressive
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Imperialism, Militarism, and Nationalism were heavily connected. Increasing imperialism in nations caused the need for militarism to protect the beliefs created from the rise in nationalism.
Nationalism was a belief, creed, or political ideology that people use in unison with their nation or become attached to their nation.
It had a big affect on World War 1 because many European countries had a lot of pride in their nation.This caused the citizen in that nation to believe that what the country was doing was right and fair while suggesting other countries were aggressive and scheming.
Nationalism was heavily influenced in culture like songs as well as newspapers!
What Sparked the War

The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
On June 28th, 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and Sophie, Duchess of Hohenburg were shot and killed.
The group who killed the Archduke was from Siberia.
Tensions were high between the two neighboring nations (Austria and Siberia)
Austria-Hungary then declared war.
The many interlocking alliances formed between countries in Europe was a cause of World War 1 because a small fight between two of the countries would spark a uproar for allied nations to that country.
Reasons for

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German submarine warfare – sinking of the Lusitania
The picture above is a drawing what
the assassination looked like.

Reasons Why World War 1 Started
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Trench Warfare: Trench warfare was one type of fighting that occurred during WW1. It involved fighting lines with large trenches on both sides.
No man's land is the area between two trenches. It was called no man's land because it did not belong to one side and a person would not last long in it.
The fighting ceased after Germany formally surrendered on November 11, 1918 and all nations involved agreed to stop fighting while the terms of peace were being negotiated.

It ended in with the
treaty of Versailles
and it was signed on June 28Th, 1919 exactly 5 years after archduke Ferdinand was assassinated. It was negotiated among the allied powers with very little participation from Germany.

Conditions in Trenches:
Rats by the Millions infested the trenches as well as lice which caused "Trench Fever"
Fact: an estimated amount of
deaths during this war was
about 16 million. Many were also injured. As well as military casualties there were many civilian casualties.
Example of Trench warfare during the war
BIBLIOGRAPHY

The Western Front is a series of trenches that ran 700 kilometers from the Belgian coast to the Swiss boarder
http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/jazz/jb_jazz_ww1_1.html
http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/resources/casdeath_pop.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I
http://www.bbc.com/history/0/ww1/
http://www.home.zonnet.nl/rene.brouwer/majorbattles.htm
http://www.anzacday.org.au/history/ww1/overview/west.html
http://www.firstworldwar.com/features/trenchlife.htm
http://www.johndclare.net/EA7.htm
http://www.history.ucsb.edu/faculty/marcuse/classes/33d/projects/1920s/Econ20s.htm
http://www.worldology.com/Europe/world_war_2_effect.htm
http://www.angelfire.com/ca2/shammons/aftermath.html
http://www.andycrown.net/isolation.htm
http://www.ushistory.org/us/45d.asp
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007429
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1914-1920/wwi
http://www.apstudynotes.org/us-history/topics/us-entry-into-wwi/
http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/zimmermann/
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1914-1920/wwi
http://www.apstudynotes.org/us-history/topics/us-entry-into-wwi/
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/america_and_world_war_one.htm
http://mentalfloss.com/article/31882/12-technological-advancements-world-war-i
Britain Started seizing and Searching american merchant ships illegally in an attempt to control the America. This caused trade with Germany to drastically drop.
At Gallipoli, machine gun fire caused many casualties on the Western Front. Both sides had dug trenches some only meters apart from each other, as protection from the shooting from the other side.
Long-Term consequences of the war
Inability to stay neutral

Germany in turn reacted by Establishing a submarine war zone around the british isles that would sink all enemy merchant ships in the area. President Woodrow Wilson declared that Germany would be held accountable if they injured American ships or citizens.
The Treaty of Versailles made Germany pay for all of the damage caused by the war which caused economic and political issues for other countries including Germany.
Germany lost about 13% of its land, all of its colonies, all of its financial assets, and their military was extremely limited
Having to pay for all damage caused by the war left Germany in a Depression
The United States isolated itself after the war
Other countries like Britain's economy was in shambles. Many merchant ships were destroyed by german submarines causing importing and exporting goods difficult.
After the United States isolated itself, they rose their tariffs to keep out foreign products because the US did not want anything to do with international Affairs after the war
The United States also refused to join the League of Nations!
Leadership Role of the United States
Woodrow Wilson created a plan called Fourteen Points on January 8, 1918.
it was first outlined it into a speech that was then given to congress.
It called for the League of Nations which would guarantee political and territorial independence. Because of this Germany agreed to the armistice in 1918.
"Woodrow Wilson's outline of his vision of a safer world"
At the Paris Peace Conference, "The Big four",
Woodrow Wilson
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David Lloyd George
,
Georges Clemenceau
, and
Vittorio Orlando
and despite Wilson's protest they turned down Fourteen Points.
The United States ended up not joining the League of Nations and without the worlds new Superpower the League of Nations was doomed.
The United States isolated itself and watched from the sidelines the affect of the "unjust" treaty of Versailles
Germany's reaction after the war
Most of the blame was placed on Germany as well as much of the repercussions. The Treaty of Versailles created the impression that Germany was the only one at fault.
Many probably were
angry
and felt the need for
revenge
The war ended with the Treaty of Versailles which made Germany pay for damage caused by the war. Hyperinflation of German money caused a depression to occur and for jobs to become scarce which would not only affect officials but the citizens as well.
Germany lost territory, colonies and financial assets. As well as their military becoming practically non-existent.
Doesn't mean they didn't find loop-holes!
Pride is also a factor!
Anger would cause Germans to want to "not play by the rules"
Economical and Political Ties to Great Britain
During the War
The Zimmerman Telegram
In the January of 1917 British Cryptographers Deciphered a telegram sent from the german foreign minister to the Minister of Mexico. Minister Zimmerman, the foreign minister, Offered american land for Mexico joining the german cause.
Decoded Message
Telegram

Economical ties that The us had with Great Britain include The trade that the US had with the allies was financed by the sale of American bonds that were owned by the british. Then when that was exhausted the British borrowed heavily from New York banks. A concern of President Wilson had on entering the war was the economic burden that would come with the war. When resources from Europe ran dry, the United States headed into a recession that was hard to fix. The United States, France, and Great Britain began trading resources for the war (from and made in the US) in return for money that the US needed. Thus the United States slowly joined the war.
Role of
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The United States entered world war 1 on April 6, 1917 after unrestricted Submarine warfare sunk many American merchant ships and other causes which caused President Woodrow Wilson to ask congress to declare war against Germany.

Innovations in Technology
Germany's pledge to suspend unrestricted submarines warfare in certain locations, was violated and a key reason why Woodrow Wilson decided to request a deceleration of war.
German submarine warfare – sinking of the Lusitania
The u.s. joined the war as an independent power, and they did not join the allied powers. The united states made major contributions like
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US had been an
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supplier to Britain
and other Allied
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During wwi there began to be an increased amount of weaponry advances.
Tanks- The first tank, the British Mark I, was designed in 1915 and first saw combat at the Somme in September 1916.
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s- Unlike grenades, flamethrowers could “neutralize” (burn alive) enemy soldiers.
Poison gas- Poison gas was used by both sides with devastating results.
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