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Copy of R.A.C.E.S.: Writing Short Answer Response

Use the R.A.C.E.S. writing strategies to answer questions on the EOC and STAAR
by

christopher karle

on 19 March 2015

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Transcript of Copy of R.A.C.E.S.: Writing Short Answer Response

R.A.C.E.S. for Writing Success!
What is R.A.C.E.S.?
R.A.C.E.S. is a strategy to answer short response questions.
Step 1: Restate the Question
First, know what the question is asking.
Use the question to form a focused topic sentence.
Step 2: Answer the Question
Underline key words
/phrases in the question
Look for task words
(words that tell you what to do): explain, describe, compare, contrast, discuss, evaluate, identify, analyze, determine, etc.
Give a concise, logical answer
Step 3: Cite Evidence
Select appropriate examples from the text to support your answer
Tell which piece of evidence you used
Use specific details
Quotes don't need to be super long!

Step 4: Explain your Answer
Explain
how the evidence you gave makes your point
Demonstrate your understanding
of the question through your response
Example: "What was life like for serfs in the Middle Ages?"

Restatement: "Life for serfs in the Middle Ages was..."
Example: "What was life like for serfs in the Middle Ages?"

Blue-answer to the question

"Life for the serfs in the Middle Ages was
very difficult
."
Example: "
What was life like for serfs in the Middle Ages?"

Red- paraphrase
Blue- direct quote

Life for serfs in the Middle Ages was very difficult.
In Document 2, it stated they often worked 7 days a week because they had to grow food for the manor and themselves
.
Also, Document 4 stated that serfs "also had very little freedom because both landowners and church leadership could tell them what to do."
Example:

Orange-explanation of answer

Life for serfs in the Middle Ages was very difficult. In Document 2, it stated they often worked 7 days a week because they had to grow food for the manor and themselves. Also, Document 4 stated that serfs "also had very little freedom because both landowners and church leadership could tell them what to do."
A lack of freedom and constant hard work would make life unpleasant for anyone.

Step 5: Resatate
Restate your topic sentence in a different way.
Example:

Green-Summary/Conclusion

Life for serfs in the Middle Ages was very difficult. In Document 2, it stated they often worked 7 days a week because they had to grow food for the manor and themselves. Also, Document 4 stated that serfs "also had very little freedom because both landowners and church leadership could tell them what to do." A lack of freedom and constant hard work would make life unpleasant for anyone.
In conclusion, a serf in the Middle Ages would have had an incredibly difficult life.
So your entire paragraph should look like:
Life for serfs in the Middle Ages was very difficult. In Document 2, it stated they often worked 7 days a week because they had to grow food for the manor and themselves. Also, Document 4 stated that serfs "also had very little freedom because both landowners and church leadership could tell them what to do." A lack of freedom and constant hard work would make life unpleasant for anyone. In conclusion, a serf in the Middle Ages would have had an incredibly difficult life.
use R.A.C.E.R. to answer the short response question for the article of the week
BEll RINGER
Restate the following questions in your writing section and answer each one using a full sentence:
1. What did you do this weekend?
2. Why is it important to be on time for school every day?
3. If you don’t know a friends number, how might you find it?
Ways to restate a question and make a full sentence:
1. This weekend I…
2. It is important to be on time for school every day…
3. If I don’t know a friends number I could…
How would this be scored
The features of a 2-point response are:
• Valid inferences and/or claims from the text where required by the
prompt
• Evidence of analysis of the text where required by the prompt
• Relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, and/or other information
from the text to develop response according to the requirements of
the prompt
• Sufficient number of facts, definitions, concrete details, and/or other
information from the text as required by the prompt
• Complete sentences where errors do not impact readability


1 Point The features of a 1-point response are:
• A mostly literal recounting of events or details from the text as required
by the prompt
• Some relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, and/or other
information from the text to develop response according to the
requirements of the prompt
• Incomplete sentences or bullets
O Point The features of a 0-point response are:
• A response that does not address any of the requirements of the prompt
or is totally inaccurate
• A response that is not written in English
• A response that is unintelligible or indecipherable
• If the prompt requires two texts and the student only references one text, the response can be scored no higher
Full transcript