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EDUC 7200 Fun Facts about Jean Jacques Rousseau!

A brief history of the philosopher in relation to educationalphilosophy
by

S.K. Stockton

on 7 March 2012

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Transcript of EDUC 7200 Fun Facts about Jean Jacques Rousseau!

Fun Facts: Jean Jacques Rousseau Born in 1712 in Geneva, at the time a Protestant associate of the Swiss confederacy and a hotbed of Calvinism.
His mother died very shortly after his birth and he was raised by his father and an incapable aunt.
When his father got into legal trouble in Geneva, he abandoned Jean-Jacques. Went away to study for 2 years.
Took on several apprenticeships with little success. He was badly beaten by one of his masters.
Headed back to Geneva but never quite made it. He stopped short and stayed with a Catholic priest. The priest referred him to a female protestant convert to Catholicism. Through her aquaintanceship, he began his conversion. (He would later return to his protestant roots). Won an essay contest on the topic of whether or not progress in the arts and sciences contributes to the moral progress of humanity. Rousseau says "No".
Created a new system of musical notation and writes several large musical works including an opera.
Wrote an incredibly popular romantic novel. It was so in demand that some bookstores rented it out by the hour.
Published several books - including The Social Contract and Emile in the same year (1762).
Traveled a lot fearing persecution for his writings. The French Catholics are upset that he denied the role of clergy in education in his Emile. An arrest warrant was issued for him in Paris.
Visited with fellow philosopher David Hume in England, and leaves following an argument. He accused Hume of spying on his writings and plotting against him.
Settled in Paris, wrote his Confessions, and died (1770 - 1778). Early Life mid Life Late Life The Basics Rousseau attempts to reconcile the individual and society.
He percieves that social and technological progress have caused us to become distant from our true nature.
Freedom is the greatest good. By coming to understand our natural limitations, and rejecting contrived social expectations we may find true happiness. Rousseau considers freedom to be the underlying purpose of education.
Through a natural process of morality, the individual will work towards the common good - forming a social contract. Enlightenment Thinking The Age of Enlightment, also known as the Age of Reason, was a period in Western Philosophy.
Although there is no 'start date', it is generally associated with the 18th century. Some scholars have it starting earlier - at the end of the 17th century, while some percieve a later beginning in the mid 18th century.
Being enlightened included a great love of reason and thinking for one's self.
It also helped if you liked science and nature.
And it certainly didn't hurt if you were well versed in the arts and literature.
A few (of many) 'famous names' of the Enlightenment: Benjamin Franklin, Denis Diderot, Adam Smith, Immanuel Kant, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Adam Weishupt, Voltaire
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