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Anthony Giddens' Structuration Theory
Transcript of Anthony Giddens' Structuration Theory
British political adviser and educator
First proposed the theory of Structuration in 1984 Structuralism People do not have entire preference of their actions . Their knowledge is restricted.
Ontology- the study of the categories of things that exist or may exist in some domain. Study of how something existed
Epistemology- the branch of philosophy concerned with the nature and scope of knowledge.
Structure places rules upon people
Structure limits personal agency for action, but motivation for action is positively defined within the structure "Duality of Structure" Structure gives form and shape to social life
It is not itself the form and shape
"Structure exists only in and through the activities of human agents"
both restraining and enabling to the actions of people Works Cited 1. http://www.istheory.yorku.ca/structurationtheory.htm
3. Bryant, C. G. A., & Jary, D. (1997). Anthony giddens: critical assessments. (Vol. IV, p. 9). New York, NY: Routledge. Retrieved from
8.http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=rEDSNVV2SDAC&oi=fnd&pg=PA103&dq=Structuration+theory+proposal&ots=S_ts3iRMJ7&sig=90b_Ypus65RYQcX00hHlw9Q7V7Y#v=onepage&q=Structuration%20theory%20proposal&f=false    The Rebuttal The Theory of Structuration tends to be very broad.
Hard to make generalizations because of the adaptability of the theory.
"Structuration Theory lacks any secure standards to define critical problems, or to generate solutions to them."
The Theory lacks consistency in some areas.
Unable to predict circumstances resulting in a particular structure's development  Agency Theory Theory explaining the relationship between principals, such as shareholders, and agents, such as a company's executives.
Example: Trading Room of the Stock Market
Referring to the interaction between agents/executives and clients/shareholders    Where it All Began Giddens believed social theory was in hopeless disarray
Was designed to address fundamental problems in the social sciences. It was unconventional at the time.
Emerged as a significant development in sociology in the late 1970's.
Giddens believed Structure and Agency should be viewed as a mutual interacting duality, not as independent and conflicting elements  Anthony Giddens'