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Literary Terms

Literary terms with definitions and popular culture references
by

Ally Maloney

on 10 January 2014

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Transcript of Literary Terms

Literary Elements
Tongue Twisters
How can a clam cram in a clean cream can?

The thirty-three thieves thought that they thrilled the throne throughout Thursday.

When you write copy you have the right to copyright the copy you write...


Alliteration:
Repetition of the initial consonant.
There should be at least two repetitions in a row.

Literary device
Used in all genres of literature



Alliteration in Pop Culture


Advertising
“Don't dream it. Drive it.”
- Jaguar
Music
“So sick of love songs”
- Ne-Yo

Movies
“V for Vendetta”



Foreshadowing
Foreshadowing:
The use of hints or clues to suggest what will happen later in the story.

Element of the plot

Foreshadowing

Serves 2 purposes:
1. It builds suspense
- Raises questions encouraging the reader to go on and find out more about the event

2. Makes a narrative more believable
- Prepares the reader for events which are to follow.

Famous Film Foreshadows

How do authors or directors show foreshadowing? Give me specific examples.


Multiple Foreshadows

Multiple
Foreshadows
Flashback

Flashback:
A method of narration in which present action is temporarily interrupted so that the reader can witness past events
Usually in the form of a character's memories, dreams, narration, or even authorial commentary (such as saying, "But back when . . . .").

Allows an author to fill in the reader about a place or a character

Used to delay important details until just before a dramatic moment.

Recollection
Full Scenes
Italicized Inserts
Letters/Journals
Dreams
Frames

Techniques
Prequels
What does this image represent to you?

Symbolism: the use of one object to represent another.
For example, a dove is a symbol of peace or freedom.

Symbolism

What Is a Symbol?

A symbol is an ordinary object, event, person, or animal to which we have attached a special meaning.

Popular Symbols
Onomatopoeia: a word that describes and is spelled as a sound

Onomatopoeia


4 Types

Conflicts

Man vs. ?

Man vs. ?

Man vs. ?

Man vs. ?

Kings Island!

Theme – general idea behind a work

Universal theme – general idea that is universal or known around the world.

Universal Themes

Well, that's weird...
Mood – is the feeling the READER gets

Tone – is the attitude of the NARRATOR

Tone vs. Mood

What's the tone and mood?
Describe the ad by using the 5 senses
Imagery - the use of pictures, description, or figures of speech such as SIMILES and METAPHORS to visualize a mood, idea or CHARACTER.

Imagery may involve all the senses, but usually involves the sense of sight

Imagery

Irony - an intentional contradiction between what something appears to mean and what it really means.

Situational
Verbal
Dramatic

Irony

Allegory: When the ENTIRE story represent or symbolize abstract qualities or ideas.


Allegory

Wizard of Oz is an allegory because it represents the political, economic and social events of America in the 1890's
He used it...
Allusion: A reference to something or someone often literary.

For instance, if you were trying to instill confidence in a friend and said, “Use the force,” that would be an allusion to Stars Wars.

The verb form of allusion is to allude.

Allusion

Characterization
Characterization: the way the writer reveals the personality of a character.

Characterization is revealed through two types:
- Direct characterization
- Indirect characterization.


Direct Characterization:

Tells the reader directly what the personality of the character

Indirect Characterization: Shows things to the reader indirectly that reveals the personality of a character.

There are five different methods of indirect characterization:
- Speech:
- Thoughts:
- Effect on other characters
- Actions 
- Looks
Genre: A kind of style usually art or literature.

.


Genre
Personification
Personification: giving human qualities to animals or objects.

Oxymoron
Oxymoron: The combining of contradictory words that makes a statement that nonetheless may be true
Hyperbole
Hyperbole is exaggeration or overstatement.
- Example:
I'm so hungry I could eat a horse.
He's as big as a house.

Parody
Parody: is a work created to mock, comment on, or make fun of an original work, its subject, author, style, or some other target, by means of humorous, satiric or ironic imitation.

In a nutshell:
Parody is a piece of art that makes fun of something else.
Parody uses:
- Satire
- Irony
- Imitation

Satire
Satire : is primarily a literary genre or form, although in practice in can also be found in the graphic and performing arts.

Although satire is usually meant to be funny, its greater purpose is to constructive social criticism, using wit as a weapon.

Meaning:
- Type of literature
- Suppose to be funny, but its suppose to make people aware of social issues.
- Uses humor to make the issue seem less dangerous.

Any questions?
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