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Project Based Learning
Transcript of Project Based Learning
Presented bY: Shannon Randol, Kayla Cosman, Rochele Roden, Jill Thoeny
Project Based Learning
What do you think?
History of PBL
21st Century Skills
Project Based Learning
Project-based learning hails from a tradition of pedagogy which asserts that students learn best by experiencing and solving real-world problems.
Confucius and Aristotle supported learning by doing
Socrates modeled learning through questioning, inquiry, and critical thinking
In the 20th century John Dewey supported students learning through experience and exploring their own interests
In the 20th century Maria Montessori created a learning environment for early childhood education where children learned through experience to be capable, adaptive, and problem solvers
What is Project Based Learning?
Jean Piaget helped the movement with his Theory of Cognitive Development, this became the foundation for project based learning as it supported that students learned by building on what they knew and asking questions, investigation, interacting, and reflecting.
Constructionist also supported this “learning by doing” model as they believed that people learn best when they are making something to share with others and reflect upon.
“Individualization of curriculum, instruction and assessment-in other words, the project is learner-centered”
What Project Based
Learning Looks Like
Aristotle and education. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://infed.org/mobi/aristotle-and-education/
Delisle, R. (n.d.). How to use problem-based learning in the classroom. Retrieved from http://www.ascd.org/publications/books/197166/chapters/What_Is_Problem-Based_Learning¢.asp
Endangered animals. (n.d.). Retrieved from www.lessonplanet.com/teachers/lesson-plan-endangered-animals--8
Experience and education. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.schoolofeducators.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/EXPERIENCE-EDUCATION-JOHN-DEWEY.pdf
Getting a grip on project-based learning: theory, cases and recommendations . (2002). Retrieved from http://www.ncsu.edu/meridian/win2002/514/project-based.pdf
Gutek, G. (2008). New perspectives on philosophy and education. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Jones, D. (n.d.). Teaching learning through confucius. Retrieved from http://www.asian-studies.org/eaa/jones.htm
Knoll, M. (1997). The project method: Its vocational education origin and international development. Retrieved from http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ejournals/JITE/v34n3/Knoll.html
Project-based learning: A short history. (2011). Retrieved from www.edutopia.org/project-based-learning-history
Research spotlight on project-based learning. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.nea.org/tools/16963.htm
Species directory. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://worldwildlife.org/species/directory?direction=desc&sort=extinction_status
Species fact sheets. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.kidsplanet.org/factsheets/map.html
Uncovering the progressive past: the origins of project based learning. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.hightechhigh.org/unboxed/issue8/uncovering_the_progressive_past/
What is pbl?. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.bie.org/about/what_is_pbl
What is pbl? a little historical background. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://ldt.stanford.edu/~jeepark/jeepark portfolio/PBL/whatis.htm
(2012). Retrieved December 7, 2013, from Christmas Around the World: http://alex.state.al.us/lesson_view.php?id=15210
Voice & Choice
Revision & Reflection
BCE: Ideas about learning by doing are recognized by philosophers Aristotle and Confucius, and Socrates.
*Philosophers Aristotle and Confucius recognized ideas about learning by doing.
“I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand.”- Confucius
“Anything that we have to learn to do we learn by the act of doing it.” Aristotle
*Socrates modeled how to learn from questioning, inquiry and critical thinking
1590-1765: The beginnings of project work at artisan schools in Europe.
* Artisans wanted recognition as professionals
*Academies and universities were established
*The word “project” was first seen in an educational context
*An extensive final project was required for completion of programs and to be considered a professional
1765-1880: The project as a regular teaching method and its transplantation to America.
*Projects found a home in the engineering educational scene and were incorporated into universities across Europe and in the U.S.
1880-1915: Manual training in public schools, and projects as assessment.
*Calvin M. Woodward proposed moving handicraft manual instruction from the university level to the secondary
*Thousands of high school students participated in hands on instruction in sewing, ironworks, cooking, and carpentry
*Kindergarten teachers fought to implement project learning into elementary schools in 1890
*Projects were still being used as a final form of assessment
1915-1965: Redefinition of the project method by John Dewey.
*A reform movement arose criticizing the lack of creativity and of focus on children’s interest in project learning environments
*John Dewey lead the movement
*Dewey suggested that instruction should not proceed the project, but be integrated into the project work
*This approach drew the interests of academic educators for the first time
"Education is not preparation for life; education is life itself." -Dewey
1965-today: Trends that contributed to project based learning as we know it today, and the third wave of its international dissemination.
*Project based learning made its way into medical universities as an alternative to traditional lecture based instruction. Howard Barrows lead the way with PBL in the medical education world
*Further development and focus on project based learning have produced many models of implementation popular across the world.
*Maria Montessori pioneered learning environments that foster capable, adaptive citizens and problem solvers.
*Jean Piaget’s insights laid the foundation for the constructivist approach to education in which students build on what they know by asking questions, investigating, interacting with others, and reflecting on these experiences.
*As PBL continues to be utilized in the classroom it will continue to evolve and change to adapt the the growing needs of our students and society
Christmas Around the World
1. Divide into groups
2. Research (webquest) one of the following countries:
3. Create a poster that represents Christmas Traditions for chosen
4. Be Creative!
5. Be ready to share!