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Copy of Before and After
Transcript of Copy of Before and After
- First Stage of Reform Process
-Second Stage of Reform Process
-Third Stage of Reform Process -Focus more on Political Reform(Peace talk, by-election,release of political prisoners)
-Focusing on Good Governance, Clean Government
-Institutional Reforms First Stage of Reform -Focus More on Economic and Social Reforms
-Rule of Law
-Close collaboration and Cooperation among ministries, regional and local governments Second Stage of Reform -Focusing more on Administration and institutional reforms
- Replacing Myanmar into international community
- Third Stage Reform -consists of four five years plans
Short term : 1st five year (2011-2015)
Medium term: 2nd five year(2016-2020)
3rd five year (20121-2025)
Long-term: 4th five year( 2026-2031) first five year short term-plan(2011-2015) -2nd stage reform (May,2012)
-(focusing more on Economic and Social Reforms)
-FESR (Framework for Economic and Social Reform) has been developed and adopted .
-Which outlines policy priorities for the government in the next three years
Overview of FESR (1) Provides a reform bridge linking the ongoing programs of government to the National Comprehensive Development Plan,
(2) Serves as a required reference for various entities of the government to develop more detailed sectoral and regional plans.
(3) Serves as a guide for building lasting cooperation with development partners as well as international bodies to obtain mutual benefits.
(4) Focuses on potential (quick wins) that the government will consider implementing to bring tangible and sustainable benefits to the population. Reforms has been taken 1)Fiscal and Tax Reforms
1.1. Budgetary Reforms
1.2 Tax Reform
2)Monetary and Financial Sector Reforms
2.1. Central Bank Autonomy
2.2 Bank Lending Regulations
3) Liberalization of Trade and Investment
3.1 Import Liberalization
3.2 Investment Liberalization
4) Private Sector Development
4.1 Regulatory Reform
Continued........... 5)Health and Education
5.1 Health Financing
5.2 School Grants
5.3 Student Stipends
6) Food Security and Agricultural Growth
7) Governance and Transparency
7.1) National Budget Transparency
7.2) Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative
8.1)Employment Guarantee Scheme for Public Works
8.2)Legal framework for Public-private Partnership
8.3)Improving Power Provision
8.4)Enhancing Public Transport inYangon
9) Effective and Efficient Government Our Vision: To become a modern developed nation that meets the aspirations of its people for a better life; and to achieve greater integration with the international community by 2020. FESR identifies four areas of policy priorities
-Sustained industrial development to catch up with global economies while keeping up the momentum of agricultural reforms and attaining poverty alleviation and rural development.
-Equitable sharing of resources, both budgetary and foreign aid, among regions and states while promoting foreign and local investments for regional development.
-Effective implementation of people-centered development through community-driven,participatory approaches to improvements in education, health and living standards.
-Reliable and accurate gathering of statistical data and other information to better inform public policy decisions. Short and long term goals (a) Full implementation of economic integration with ASEAN in accordance with its AEC 2015. (b) Achievement of MDGs and other human development objectives by 2015. (c) Graduating from LDC status and moving to a knowledge-based economy, comprisons with other countries suggests that a feasible target date to achieve this by is 2020. Sector Policies for inclusive growth and poverty reduction 1)Agricultural and rural development
(2) Industry, manufacturing and small and medium enterprise development
(3) Energy and Mining
(5) Telecommunications and information technology reform
(9)Employment,Population and Immigration