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Med student guide to Twitter

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Andrew Micieli

on 29 September 2014

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Transcript of Med student guide to Twitter

Among medical students Twitter is an underutilized resource and its use as an educational tool is unknown to most students.
Additional Useful Resources for Students
A Medical Student’s Guide To Using Twitter As An Education Tool

Andrew Micieli, University of Ottawa medical student
Dr. Alireza Jalali, Faculty of Medicine University of Ottawa

Future of Twitter in MedEd
Future of Twitter in MedEd con't
The use of Twitter among medical students will continue to grow in the future. One tool that can objectively quantify this growth is Symplur, a health care social media analytics database. This database can track the #MedEd hashtag over specific time periods. For example, from September 2012 to September 2014 there was a greater than two-fold increase in medical education tweets, which can be seen on the graph below [4].
3) Learn how to customize your twitter page for high quality medicine-related feeds

4) Have guidelines for avoiding potential unprofessional behavior
1) Learn how to use Twitter including how to send out tweets, retweet or use hashtags (#)

2) Learn how to use Twitter for medical education: i) to stay up-to-date on medical events and daily trending news ii) tool and support network for students iii) sharing of knowledge during health care conferences in real-time iv) advocate on behalf of patients online
Twitter (www.twitter.com) is a popular online social networking service that allows users to communicate using tweets, which are text-based messages of 140 characters or fewer. Twitter has become a popular platform for breaking news making it one of the top 10 most visited sites on the internet since it's introduction in 2009.
Overview of Twitter
Learning the Lingo

The well known # (hashtag) allows for following newsworthy items and trending topics and allows users to easily search for information. For example if you wanted to find articles related to medical education then you would search the hashtag #MedEd in the Twitter searchbar. The hashtag #MedEd is used for all tweets related to medical education and is the gold standard for MedEd news on Twitter.
Below are a few recommended medicine-related hashtags:
#MedEd (medical education) #SoMe (social media) #endoflife
#Cdnhealth (Canadian Health) #mentalhealth
#antivax (news related to anti-vaccines)
#hcsmca (healthcare social media canada)

Below is a tweet by @medstudent_blog that encompasses the different Twitter symbols and lingo.

First you have to make a username with the notation @ preceding the name. For example @uOttawaMed is the Twitter feed for the University of Ottawa Faculty of Medicine. This will allow a user to follow others on Twitter, send out, and reply to tweets.

To the left is the official Twitter page of UOttawa medicine, and below are some examples of high quality medicine-related users to follow on Twitter.
By the end of this module you will be able to:
: Use the symbol @ to interact with specific users by responding to their tweet.

: Allows information to be spread rapidly because it re-posts someone else’s tweet to all of that individual’s followers.
: Allows a user to save their best tweets over time to be seen and easy accessed on their profile.

Twitter in Medical Education
1. i) There are different feeds available with different professional perspectives and feeds tailored to different medical specialties

- Twitter’s main advantage for medical students is that it provides a convenient platform for staying up-to-date on current medical events and daily news.

- Rather than bouncing between numerous websites, Twitter provides an amalgamated stream of relevant articles to explore that is updated constantly.

The use of Twitter for medical education is starting to be exploited by the medical community. Medical schools, journals, hospitals and biotech organizations are tweeting daily to interact with the public and stakeholders as well as to enhance professional collegiality and scientific research.
Below are 4 links that explore the uses of Twitter in medical education and its main advantages for medical students:

We will explore these 3 links below:

i) There are different feeds available with different professional perspectives and feeds tailored to different medical specialties

ii) A feed tailored specifically to medical students: @medstudent_blog

iii) The top general medical journals
all have dedicated Twitter feeds

1. ii) A feed tailored specifically to medical students to stay up-to-date on medical events and daily trending news
1. iii) The top general medical journals
have dedicated Twitter feeds
Customize Your Twitter Page With High Quality Feeds
Future of Twitter in MedEd
2. Twitter As A Tool and Support Network (i.e. through collaboration and
live Twitter chats)

3. Sharing Of Knowledge During
Health Care Conferences In Real-Time

4. Patients are online…so should medical professionals

1. A Way To Stay Up-To-Date
On Medical Events And Daily
Trending News
According to a 2013 edition of Journal Citation Reports, 9 of the top 10 general medical journals have a dedicated Twitter feed that promotes new articles and features in their publications
- Twitter can be used as a tool for engaging in active learning: students tweet questions to each other using hashtags (i.e.#USMLE) [1]
- experts can answer questions as well
- reinforce classroom learning

- Offer support, study tips, and encouragement to each other through reflection and the sharing of memorable learning experiences.

- A means for promoting collaboration among medical students across the world

- A forum for debate and to advocate on behalf of patients

- Facilitate communication between specialists in developing
countries where specific expertise is not available locally.

- Provide a transparent platform to advocate for a public cause directed
at politicians, industry leaders or pharmaceutical companies
(#onpoli- ontario politics) [2]
- Stay up to date in real time on the conference’s discussion and content.

- Users can follow conference-specific hashtags.
- For example, the CMA 2014 General Council Conference in Ottawa this past august used the hashtag #CMAgc to promote the conferences discussion on pertinent issues facing the Canadian healthcare system (3,110 tweets were sent). Below are some examples of tweets sent out using the #CMAgc, and some statistics from the conference.

- By staying up to date, doctors can educate their patients, correct misinformation, and direct patients to high quality articles to provide the best care.

- For example, Twitter provides a great source for finding articles related to the recent “anti-vaccine” movement (#antivax) and reasons why parents are choosing not to vaccinate their children. Knowing where patients are getting there false information from and who is spreading this information is important for doctors. In addition, doctors can correct or start a dialogue with celebrities on Twitter who advocate for parents not vaccinating their children.

- Twitter may lead to lapses in professionalism because of its impersonal nature, familiarity, and many students often do not see it as part of their professional identity.

- Important to consider the worldwide reach of online posting

- Remember to respect patient confidentiality,

In 2013, the Canadian Federation of Medical Students (CFMS) published guidelines on social media professionalism which provides information on how medical students should conduct themselves online.

1) Become familiar with Twitter before sending out tweets.
2) You can change your privacy settings to make your tweets private to only your followers. This may be a useful for first time users.
3) Don’t feel obliged to follow users back. Its not the quantity of followers but the quality of follows that matters.
4) Learn how to use #hashtags. Its an easy way for people to access your tweets and to follow dialogue on twitter.
5) Create subscription lists to keep social and educational feeds separate.

- Twitter can be used for personalized teaching and learning in medical education, specifically the classroom setting. [3]

For example, professors could display live Twitter chats during lecture. Students could post their questions via Twitter and a live stream of tweets could be posted onscreen at the end of the lecture. This would allow students who may not otherwise participate a way to share their ideas and communicate with classmates and professors.

This tab displays the best content on Twitter specifically to a users interests based on the people in their network. Its a great resource to search quickly for high-quality/popular tweets.
1) Micieli A, Harrison B, Jalali A. Twitter's Usefulness For Medical Students: the role of one social media platform in medical education. Published in Scrub-In (Ontario Medical Association Journal) Sept 2014.

2) Harrison B, Jill J, Jalali A. Social Media Etiquette For The Modern Medical Student. Published in IJMS (International Journal of Medical Students).

3) Social Media for Physicians: What's the value and how to get started (youtube video)
What is Twitter?
i) How to send out tweets
1) Hashtag
Two Important Tools in Twitter:
2) Discover
[1] Chan, B. #TwitterStudying: A med student’s experiences with Twitter as a study tool and support network. http://www.medicineandtechnology.com/2011/06/twitterstudying-med- students.html?m=1
[2] Micieli R, Micieli JA. Twitter as a tool for ophthalmologists. Can J Ophthalmol. 2012;47(5):410-3.
[3] Forgie SE, Duff JP, Ross S. Twelve tips for using Twitter as a learning tool in medical educa- tion. Med Teach. 2013;35(1):8-14.
One of the purposes of this guide is to increase awareness among medical students on the usefulness of Twitter in the hope that more students will use this tool. Those students who are active twitter users could help guide other students on how to best use this tool. In addition, a ‘Social Media In Medical Education’ interest group could be created for students at various medical schools interested in the impact of social media in medicine.

As the number of medical students using Twitter increases in the future it will further increase the opportunities for collaboration and interaction between students.
[4] Symplur data accessed at, http://www.symplur.com/healthcare-hashtags/MedEd/analytics/?hashtag=MedEd&fdate=09%2F01%2F2012&shour=00&smin=00&tdate=09%2F01%2F2014&thour=00&tmin=00
Link to online prezi presentation:

Overview of Summer Project- Dr. Jalali
1) Created a Prezi presentation to be used by Dr. Jalali for 1st year SoMe lecture (this will be made into a optional SLM for next year, and submitted to MedEd Portal for publication)
2) Scrub-In publication (OMA med student run journal)
3) Academic Medicine publication (use of the #MedEd)
4) SoMe Impact Factor Paper
5) @medstudent_blog Twitter feed
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