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Lourdes Rodriguez

on 19 September 2013

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Transcript of PALEOLITHIC

They were NOMADS
This period is so long that there were alternations of very cold and mild periods.

Some periods were very cold and glaciers covered more territory.
Paleolithic means old stone
It is the longest period in history.
from 2.500.000 B.C. to 10.000 B.C.
But how do we know that man in the paleolithic had religious beliefs?
Stone Age
Its main characteristic is the apperarance of human beings that used tools made of stone.
by Ittiz. Wikimedia commons
by Luca Galuzzi. Wikimedia commons.
Between these, there were other periods when the weather was milder.
They moved from one place to another looking for food and water.
They lived in groups of about 25 people.
Depending on the weather, they lived in caves or in shelters made of animal skins, branches or leaves.
They were hunters.
They were fishers
They gathered wild food.
They didn't produce food. They were PREDATORS.
They used everything from the animals:
the meat
the skin
the milk
the bones
At the beginning they only used natural elements like tools: stones, sticks, etc
Then they made tools hitting stones. They made bifaces, which were used as axes or knives. They also used bone.
by Locutus Borg. Wikimedia commons
by EinarB. Wikimedia commons
First, they could only keep the fire that had been originated by natural forces.
Later, they learnt to make it:
- rubbing two sticks
- hitting two stones.
It was useful:
to give light and heat
for cooking
to defend themselves
for hunting
by Jose Alberto Bermudez. INTEF
They used them to make :
- clothes.
- shelters.
- beds.
- bags, etc.
Needle and hook
by Natalia Casado. INTEF
by Locutus Borg. Wikimedia commons
by Jose Alberto Bermudez. INTEF
They lived in groups of 20 to 30 people, and various groups formed a tribe
They could hunt very big animals.
Some individuals were more important than others, and the activities were shared among the individuals.
I am in charge of
all daily life activities:
I look after the children, I gather wild fruits and I watch over the fire.
I do all
the activities

that require strenght:
I hunt, I fish, I defend my group and I make tools.
Because they BURIED THEIR DEAD with their personal objects.
worshipped the forces of nature
(the storm, the lightning, the thunder, ...)probably because they could not understand them and they were afraid.
Their religion was based on
they offered to those unknown forces.
by Jose Alberto Bermudez. INTEF
These rituals could be made to protect them, to help them in hunting or to ask for fertility.
Why did they produce art?
There are different theories but the most popular one says that those paintings were part of rituals for hunting.
Where are the paintings?
They made the paintings on rocks in the open air or on the walls and ceilings inside the caves. They are ususally in very difficult places.
What did they paint?
They painted all the animals they hunted: horses, bisons, bulls, deer, etc.
Who started painting?
Homo Sapiens was the first to create art 40.000 years ago.
Hunting scenes.
Laxcaux caves, France
by Peter80. Wikimedia commons.
Other paintings
by José-Manuel Benito. Wikimedia commons
Gargas cave, France
Public domain. Wikimedia commons
Cave in Peña de Cándamo.
by José-Manuel Benito. Wikimedia commons
Venus of Lespugue
Public domain. Wikimedia commons
Lascaux caves, France
They usually appeared isolated.
Sometimes they appeared in groups
by José-Manuel Benito. Wikimedia commons
Altamira caves, Cantabria
They are usually
big animals.
They often appear
They show
no movement
They are very
They use the protruding rocks to show
They used
different colours
made with natural elements and animal fat: red, black and ochre.
They used
and their
Public domain. Wikimedia commons.
by José-Manuel Benito. Wikimedia commons
Kapova cave, Russia
Hiena in Chauvet cave, France.
By Carla Hufstedler. Wikimedia commons
By Peter80. Wikimedia commons
Lascaux Cave, France
BY MatthiasKabel. Wikimedia commons
Venus of Willendorf
They made
very small statues
of women using stone, bone or ivory.
By 120. Wikimedia commons.
Venus of Laussel
It is thought that these figures were
fertility symbols
because the feminine organs are very exaggerated.
They also decorated some of their tools.
El Pendo cave, Cantabia
By José-Manuel Benito. Wikimedia commons.
They also made relieves inside caves.
La cueva del Moro, Cadiz
Public domain, Wikimedia commons
by Fæ. Wikimedia commons
Tools made of reindeer horns.
Relief of a bison on a reindeer horn.
is a wonderful example of caves with wonderful relieves. To see some pictures click on the link.
Full transcript