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AIDS

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Amy Tishler

on 15 January 2014

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Transcript of AIDS

AIDS & HIV
Background
How AIDS and HIV Connect to Tuberculosis & Pneumonia
•People who have HIV are 30 times more likely to contract Tuberculosis.



Facts
•33.4 million people have HIV/AIDS currently
•more than 1.1 million people in the US are living with HIV, 1 in 6 are unaware
•African Americans more seriously affected
•1,144,500 people 13+ live with HIV, 180,900 unaware
•mainly in 3rd world countries
Alexandria Darmody
Amy Tishler
Hayley Bridges
Michelle Springer


Patients with HIV have a chance of having Pneumonia because of their weakened immune system.

HIV positive patients will most commonly get bacterial pneumonia.

If bacterial pneumonia isn't taken care of properly the patient is most likely to die from the weakened immune system not fighting off the disease
HIV= human immunodeficiency virus
AIDS= acquired immuno deficiency syndrome
HIV lives and reproduces in blood and other body fluids.
HIV/AIDS is contracted through:
•pregnancy/childbirth/breastfeeding
•sexual contact
•injection drug use
•occupational exposure (health workers)
•blood transfusion

•"worst flu ever" is called acute retroviral syndrome (ARS) or primary HIV infection
•fever
•swollen glands
•sore throat
•rash
•fatigue
•muscle/joint aches and pains
•headache

Clinical Latency (Stage 2)
•asymptomatic HIV infection or chronic HIV infection
•mild/no symptoms
•taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) you can live with clinical latency for decades
•no ART=10 years or less before AIDS

•rapid weight loss
•recurring fever or profuse night sweats
•extreme unexplained tiredness
•prolonged swelling of lymph glands in armpits, groin or neck
•diarrhea lasting more than a week
•sores of mouth, anus, or genitals
•pneumonia
•red, brown, pink, or purplish blotches on or under skin or inside mouth, nose, or eyelids
•memory loss, depression, other neurological disorders
Modern Day
•Scientists believe HIV/AIDS came from a species of chimpanzee in Western Africa; humans got the disease when they ate the infected animals
•HIV/AIDS goes as far back as the late 1800s
•the earliest recorded case was in 1959
Rubella and HIV/AIDS
The Spanish Influenza
Differences
•shorter incubation period for Rubella
•no vaccine for Rubella
•warrants quarantine for Rubella
•spread by coughing/sneezing for Rubella
Similarities
•can pass through bloodstream
•fever, swollen lymph nodes, rash, headaches, loss of appetite, stuffy nose, pain and swelling of joints, some have no symptoms
DIFFERENT
H1N1 was a pandemic (world wide epidemic) in 1918 and 1919
Spanish Flu originated from Europe during the World War I
This flu originally spread from birds to pigs to humans
The Spanish Flu is also known as the Swine Flu and had a very high mortality rate, unlike AIDS or HIV
Bubonic Plague and HIV/AIDS
Rubella killed 2/3 of Cubans recovering from smallpox in 1599. It even dates back to the Antonine Plague in 165-180 B.C.E.
Differences
•bubonic plague was spread from fleas to rats to humans, HIV/AIDS was spread from monkeys to human
•people die quickly with the plague
Early Symptoms of HIV (Stage 1)
Clinical Latency (Stage 2)
Progression to AIDS Symptoms (Stage 3)
Similarities
•blaming a certain group of people for the illness
•both target macrophages (scavenger white blood cells in the immune system)
•cause sores

Fact: People who lived where the Black Death occurred passed down a gene called CCR5-Delta 32, which is resistant to the Plague and HIV/AIDS.
The Black Death occurred in Europe from 1348-50 C.E. The Plague killed 30-60% of the population.
69% of people with HIV live in sub-Saharan Africa
30% of South Africans between ages 25 and 29 are infected with HIV
23.8 million infected people in Africa
Only 5 of the 10 million people with HIV were able to receive treatment
1/3 of pregnant women in South Africa have HIV and 1/4 have AIDS

Aids must be tested to diagnose.
Solutions
SIMILAR
Spread easily just like AIDS and HIV
Most of the people affected were between the ages of 20 and 40, just like AIDS and HIV
The Spanish Influenza affected the immune system just like AIDS and HIV
There are medicines out on the market that are meant to help your immune system fight HIV and in turn prevent AIDS.
These medicines have large labels on them proclaiming that they don't cure any disease. That is because, as of the moment, there is no actual cure for AIDS and HIV.
IDEAS FOR CURES FROM ANONYMOUS
Cholera Outbreak in London in1849
Our Sources:
http://aids.gov/hiv-aids-basics/
http://www2.cedarcrest.edu/academic/bio/hale/bioT_EID/presentations/ronca.pdf
http://partners.nytimes.com/library/national/science/aids/052698sci-aids.html
http://kidshealth.org/parent/infections/skin/german_measles.html
http://www.dosomething.org/actnow/tipsandtools/11-facts-about-hiv-africa

Nobody knew about the disease
They then found out that it was coming from the watering pump that everyone drank from
Over 600,000 people died

http://www.webmd.com/hiv-aids/news/20120720/aids-cure-possible-top-scientists-say
http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar160620&st=disease
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1918_flu_pandemic
http://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/hiv/conditioninfo/Pages/how-many.aspx
http://kidshealth.org/teen/sexual_health/stds/std_hiv.html
www.cdc.org

THANK YOU FOR YOUR TIME!
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Pneumonia History
First discovered in 300 B.C. (Ancient Greece)
Didn't give it the name pneumonia
In 500 B.C. Hippocrates discovered pneumonia symptoms
But Moses Ben Maimon found more accurate symptoms
Pneumonia got badder through out the years
Full transcript