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EPICURUS presentation

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Linda Benhamadi

on 14 October 2015

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Transcript of EPICURUS presentation

Random

Philosophy
Bibliography

http://www.pursuit-of-happiness.org/history-of-happiness/epicurus/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epicureanism#History
http://www.iep.utm.edu/epicur/#SH3a
http://newepicurean.com/resources/library/epicurus-and-his-philosophy-chapter-viii-sensations-anticipations-and-feelings/








Epicurus life
EPICURUS
Ethics
EPICURUS
Ethics in business
Almudena López
Linda Benhamadi

Index
1. Epicurus + life
2. Philosophy
2.1. The Canon
2.2. Physics
2.3. Ethics
2.4. Metaphysics

The Canon
Atomism
341 BC - 270 BC
Greek philosopher
Born in the island of Samos
Epicurus' school
"The garden"
Based in the garden of his house
Admitted women as a rule rather than an exception
The school resembled in many ways a community of friends living together
His death
Epicurus never married and had no known children
He suffered from kidney stones
To which he finally succumbed in 270 BC at the age of seventy-two
True or false?
Knowledge

Senses

Pleasure
Pain
Feelings
Reality
Physics
Atoms
Void
shape, size and weight
space where move
Everything
Materialistic nature
Freedom

Exists movement in atoms
Universe: infinite and internal
Rational hedonism
Pleasure (Moderated)
Pleasure
(Rational hedonism)
Tool
Happiness
Objective
Avoid pain
Search for
perfection in
freedom and
harmony.
PLEASURE
Human needs
With
Prudence
Moderation
Self-control
Natural
and
Necessary.
Natural
but
not Necessary.
Unnatural

nor

Necessary.
Unnatural necessary.
Avoid future
Pain/Suffering
ATARAXIA
Absence of
Fears / Worries
Gods
Death
Future
Physical pain

Solution in 4 healing herbs
His career
He accomplished his military service in Athens
Then, he received, in Colophon, the lessons of Nausiphane
Epicurus started teaching in the city of Mytilene but his doctrine is not well received
Then, he left for Lampsacus where he met his future disciples
More than 300 philosophical works
Y
O
L
O

Differences between philosophers
Metaphysics
Happiness
External
conditions
APONIA
Absence of
Pain
Sustainable physical and spiritual well-being
True happiness
HÉDONÉ
Epicurus: Search for own happiness
Plato and Socrates: Human's duty is to solve the polis affairs
Ethics of Plato and Socrates versus Epicurus' ethics
"A man can only be happy if he lives in a fair society"
Friends
Letter to Menoeceus
Ethics and happiness
“Pleasure is the beginning and end to a happy life"
Full transcript