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Disease Prezintation: Salmonellosis

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Julian Ngai

on 14 September 2012

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Transcript of Disease Prezintation: Salmonellosis

Julian Ngai (SMM)
September, 12, 2012 Diseases Prezintation:
SALMONELLOSIS Samonella Typhimurium Introduction Symptoms Illness caused by bacteria Bacteria called Salmonella Type of food poisoning Salmonella Enteritidis 1. Abdominal pain (cramping, tenderness) 2.Chills 3. Diarrhea 4. Fever 5. Nausea 6. Vomiting Extremely Common Incidence WHO: 'most common and widely distributed foodborne disease WHO: 'millions of human cases are reported worldwide every year' A lot of cases are unreported Rod-shaped Structure of Samonella Has flagella More common with older adults (55+) Does not retain crystal violet dye in the Gram staining protocol Gram-negative Life Cycle of Salmonella Living salmonellae Gastrointestinal tract (stomach & intestines) Even though some are killed in the stomach Remaining bacteria enter the small intestine and multiply This is done in tissues Dead samonellae release endotoxins Endotoxins act on vascular and nervous systems Prevention & Treatment Proper handling and storage of food
(especially poultry, eggs) Washing hands before and after handling food
(especially poultry and eggs) Take proper care when handling reptiles Washing hands before and after Wearing gloves Especially when handling its feces Transmitted through ingesiton Either antibiotics e.g. ciprofloxacin Treatment Methods HOWEVER Samonella has built up resistance Drinking more water Alternative Treatments Eating small meals
Eating salty food -END-
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