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Night: Holocaust Introduction
Transcript of Night: Holocaust Introduction
2. Chancellor of Germany from 1933-1945
3. Dictator 1934-1945
4. He was a decorated soldier from World War I (due to an injury)
5. Joined the German Worker's Party in 1919. (DAP)
6. Wrote "Mein Kampf" which translates to "My Struggle.
7. Encouraged 'Social Hygiene' Dr. Menegele participated in horrible human experimentation within the concentration camps, specifically in Auschwitz.
He was a trained physician, and was well trained.
He was specifically interested in twins and how to trigger twin bearing in pregnant mothers. (There is a hypothesis that he found out how to trigger it. It is rumored that the village he fled to in South America after the war has an abnormally high number of twins.)
He also attempted to change some patients' eye colors... leading to blindness and in some cases loss of the eyes all together.
He performed surgery with no anestetic, leading to shock and death, some survived, a 65 year old man recently went to a hospital to treat a heart attack. This was his first time seeing a doctor since Menegele removed his kidney while the man watched, screaming for help. Germany was not the only country to utilize concentration camps. After the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, the U.S. government required all Japanese in the country to move into Internment Camps. They were forced to work. The U.S. Internment Camps were more similar to the "ghettos" of Germany, though the conditions were not optimal. Those within these German camps were tortured and tormented. They were given little food and water, and were made to work far beyond what their bodies could handle. When they broke, they were cast away like trash. Some were pushed into the furnaces used for burning dead bodies alive, sometimes by their own family members.
The Holocaust is a black stain on the fabric of history, but it is also filled with stories of strength in the face of overwhelming obstacles. Look for these moments while we read Elie Wiesel's novel "Night," and it might make the travesties in the book stomachable. DAP was renamed NSDAP.
The banner was designed by Hitler;
it was a black swastika, on a white
background, surrounded by red. Marriage between different races was banned.
"Eugenics" -- a policy aimed at improving the genetic composition of a given population. Tended to end in murder, experimentation, and sterilization.
Targeted: disabled children, disabled adults, homosexuals, blacks... Anyone non-Aryan. Words to know:
Anti-Semitism-the intense dislike or hatred for the Jewish people
Eugenics-the science of improving human genetics through selective breeding and sterilization.
Euthanasia-typically defined as a mercy killing, however, in Nazi internment camps it came to mean out right murder--like putting down dogs.
Aryan-a non-Jewish Caucasian, especially one of Nordic type, supposed to be part of a master race.
Fascism-A type of government under a dictator that is typically ran through fear, terror, racism, and suppression.
Dr. Menegele-A doctor within Auschweitz who performed experiments in the name of Eugenics, specifically on twins. Committed surgaries with no anesthetic. 1. The Holocaust occurred under the banner of "social hygiene."
2. Went on from 1939-1945.
3. 11 million to 14 million people died in this time. (6 million were Jewish--which obliterated about 2/3 of the Jewish population in Europe.)
4. 'Undesirables' were put into concentration or determent camps, also called death camps. They were forced to work with poor shelter, barely any food, and abuse from the Gestapo raining on their heads.
5. If they did not drop dead from the cold, or the work, or the starvation, there were weekly "selections" where prisoners were chosen to go to the gas chambers to be killed. Then they were incinerated or left in piles around the camps. 'Undesirables': Jews, Poles (Polish), communists, homosexuals, Jehova's witnesses, trade unionists, blacks, and many more... September 1, 1938
Germany invades Poland--Britain and France declare war. 1940:
Germany invades France, Luxemburg, the Netherlands, and Belgium---Hitler begins bombing raids on the United Kingdom. The AXIS Powers: Germany, Japan, and Italy The ALLIES: The United States (eventually), Russia, France, and England December 7, 1941
Japan bombs Pearl Harbor in Hawaii 1942
The Nazi campaign is beginning to fail. Early 1945
Hitler realizes he is losing. April 29, 1945
Hitler marries his girlfriend, Eva Brown. April 30, 1945
Hitler and his new wife commit suicide