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Transcript of MT1 Week1:3
Dialogue, song and dance as integrated storytelling tools Sophocles and Aristophanes were also composers and lyricists Athenians built stone theatres for entertainment to honour their Gods Thespis was the first performer to step away from the chorus and enact specific roles as a soloist
The songs allowed the chorus to comment on the play
Musical solos were rare but not unheard of Co-opted theatrical conventions from Greek Theatre Used theatre as a way of honouring their Gods Built permanent open air theatre The spectacle was left to the more violent entertainment of the arena
Roman theatre was more intimate Performers were all men 254 - 184 BC Reinterpreted and reworked Greek theatre's ideas, combined two separate works to create something new Used conversational Latin Rife with vulgar language and sexual imagery Condemned by the Church The concept of a period of intellectual darkness that supposedly occurred in Europe following the collapse of the Western Roman Empire Travelling minstrels and roving troupes through Europe Catholic Church encouraged to tell the stories of the bible Reflection of sunlight on key performers Fights would be simulated using a pair of hinged boards Circa 1300 - 1600 Italians discovered Ancient Greek Theatre and the extensive use of the choral verse and used this as a basis to develop a performance completely sung-through
Grand Opera had widespread popularity through Europe Upper and newly found Middle Classes Three separate genres of musical theatre were developed Comic Opera Pantomime Ballad Opera used operatic conventions and compositional styles for comedic effect used songs, dance, dialogue, physical comedy, acrobatics, special effects and clowning used existing popular ballads and operatic arias to develop the storyline 1728 The Beggar's Opera
Gay 69 songs – 41 used melodies taken from popular tavern ballads, the rest were from operas and other sources
Gay’s lyrics were original
Majority of London’s stage productions didn’t run for
longer than a week: TBO ran for 62 performances
Jokes, lyrics and songs repeated throughout London
‘Bob Booty’ understood to be a reference to Whig
politician Robert Walpole suggesting he was corrupt
Gay’s sequel, Polly, was banned
TBO was performed by troupes in GB and USA
1923 London production ran for three years 1928 The Threepenny Opera
Brecht & Weill Updated the performance to comment on the rise of Nazi Germany The music was changed completely The lyrics were changed to allude to his contempt of the Nazi movement All Weill and Brecht's works were
banned on the German stage Storyline and characters were kept
similar to The Beggar's Opera