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Venues & Sustainability VMA Congress 2014

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Mark Olsen

on 19 March 2015

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Transcript of Venues & Sustainability VMA Congress 2014

Project Overview
Energy Efficiency Opportunities: Performance Space
Energy Efficiency Opportunities across the Venue
Public Area Lighting
Monitoring and Managing Energy Consumption
The Greenhouse Gas Calculator for Venues

Venues and Sustainability
VMA Congress 2014
Australia wide
Live performance sector

EC3 Global

Production Companies and Tours
Dynamic Eco-Solutions

Outdoor Events and Music Festivals

GreenShoot Pacific
Project Overview
Project partners and industry sectors
Energy Efficiency Opportunities:
Performance Space

Rechargeable Batteries for Microphones

Malthouse Theatre used to throw disposable batteries out after every show. By using rechargeable batteries they are saving money and reducing waste:

50-60kg of batteries to be recycled each year vs. below 20kg for the last two years
$ 500-600 per season for disposables vs. approx. $500 as initial outlay for rechargeables lasting for at least 18 months

Still offer non-recyclable batteries as an option for outside hirers as some producers/production managers don’t trust the rechargeables, but they are trying to lead by example and encourage people to give it a try!


Cost and waste reduction: On average, 1 rechargeable battery replaces 93 disposable batteries (if you use them until they run out)*.

Throughout the product's life cycle rechargeable batteries have up to 32 times less impact on the environment than disposable batteries per 1kWh of energy produced (UNIROSS, 2007)*.
Rechargeable Batteries for Microphones

Perceived reliability and risk: The voltage of an Alkaline battery gradually reduces over time whereas with NiMH rechargeables the voltage stays at a steady voltage and then rapidly drops under the usable limit

with Alkaline batteries the voltage can be measured before the performance to see whether it will last for a show

with NiMH rechargeables, the voltage may be adequate but there is no indication how long it will last

*Source: Julie’s Bicycle 2011: Practical Guides Better Batteries

LED Screens
Energy Efficiency Opportunities:
...across the Venue

Public Area Lighting
Level 1:
Reduce usage
Level 2:
Change lamps
Level 3:
Use lighting controls/ automation systems
Level 4:
(Re)Design lighting to suit the task
Level 5:
(Re)Design building to utilise natural light and design elements for lighting

Least effort/ investment

Most effort/ investment
Fact Sheet: Improving Lighting Efficiency in Public
Areas of Live Performance Venues
Further Benefits
LEDs are less service intensive
LEDs produce less heat
50,000 tonnes less carbon emissions

LED Foyer Lighting
Project will run from July 2013 through to June 2015 and will deliver:
Interactive web portal to host Resources
3 x Online diagnostic tools to assess performance
Fact sheets, Checklists, Operational guides, Best practice case studies,
Call to Action campaigns
Face to face and online workshops
Project Scope
The Project will help the Live Performance Industry ...
to manage risk of increasing energy costs
by providing high quality, credible information and strategies to reduce impacts
gathering market intelligence on impacts
researching industry relevant innovations
delivering benchmarking reports
Industry engagement with balanced operational and behavioural change programs
This will be achieved by...
Why should you do it?
Stage Lighting
Global Creature's production of King Kong is using Eighty-six ETC Source Four LED Lustr+ profiles

LED products do not emit light as 'warm' as traditional lights but with careful plotting & the right balance their Lighting Designer* overcame this issue
Managing &Monitoring Energy Consumption
A total of 11 meters monitor the usage of individual lighting, sound and mechanical services for their two theatres and one public stage as well as the chiller plants for the air-conditioning.

The sub-metering system is reporting back to their Building Management System (BMS) allowing Brisbane Powerhouse to track their energy usage more accurately and to adapt procedures accordingly.

Brisbane Powerhouse has installed
in their venue
Use the LPA GHG Estimator Tool for Venues:
If you have sub-metering installed in your venue, you can benchmark the energy consumption (kWh) of your performance space(s) with other venue’s performance spaces across Australia similar to yours (visitor numbers, climate zone, size (m2)).

The venue’s GHG Estimator will provide you with key performance indicators such as


Suzanne Daley
Project Manager Director Policy & Programs, Live Performance Australia

Mark Olsen
Project Consultant, EC3 Global

Lisa Erhart
Project Consultant, Dynamic Eco-Solutions

Stay Connected….




Good for cool mood lighting
Power usage is dramatically reduced as alternative would be 750W standard stage lamps
Maintenance requirements are reduced.
Extended lamp life: 500hrs (standard) vs. thousands of hours (LED)

Compare your venue’s overall energy consumption with that of other venues.

This activity received funding from the Department of Industry as part of the Energy Efficiency Information Grants Program.

Image: King Kong, Global Creatures, Photographer: Jeff Busby

Image: MECC Auditorium
Image: MECC Foyer
Acknowledgments: Peter Mumford, Lighting Designer for King Kong
Image: King Kong, Global Creatures, Photographer: Jeff Busby

Image: Brisbane Powerhouse
Checklist Stage Production Lighting Design for Energy Efficiency
supports integration of energy efficient design aspects into the lighting design of stage productions

provides Lighting Designers with an easy to use list of considerations to achieve balance between energy consumption and visual artistic outcomes
131 lights were replaced by LED lights in the Mackay Entertainment & Convention Centre (MECC) Foyer changing from 120W bulbs to 12W. Before the retrofit the foyer required a total of 14,320 Watts which has now been reduced to 1,637 Watts
*for 131 lights
Cost reduction of 89%
Old bill $7,700 *
New bill $880
First impressions of performance outcomes include:

• Over 50% of the LED Screens assessed out perform projection systems.

• Greater variation between individual LED Screen models with performance ranging from 3.5 l/W up to 27 l/W.

Energy consumption comparison
Projection equipment versus LED Screens

Perth Concert Hall changed their 2000w Fresnel lamps (Tungsten Halogen) to 120w LED (RGBAW)
120w vs 2000w
no lighting gels needed saving cost and time
significantly less maintenance
colour saturation and variation
extended lamp life

Advantages of the LED RGBAW fittings
Energy Efficiency Implementation Checklist for Venues
Fact Sheet: Energy Efficient Stage Lighting
introductory resource for venues and production companies

outlines the basics of energy efficient stage lighting

supports steps by technical professionals to integrate energy efficiency into venues and stages
Design Guide: Energy Efficient Stage Lighting
for venues and production companies

provides a more in depth overview of energy efficient stage lighting design opportunities
lower wattage instruments
dimmer to lower power supply/ low voltage lamps
LED stage lighting
lighting instrument comparisons

No adequate control of HVAC for individual venue areas
Limited to a simple on/ off functionality

Flexibly schedule HVAC system from a web-based interface for different venue areas suited to event bookings schedule
Configure holidays and temporary exceptions for HVAC operations with a start and end date.
Increased control helped HVAC usage to be reduced by an average of around three hours a day.

In Progress:
Integration of their event management system with their BMS, which will enable the BMS to automatically program the HVAC according to the event schedule without the need for manual control

The Frankston Arts Centre has recently upgraded their Building Management System (BMS)

Image: Frankston Arts Centre

The Rise of LED Screens on Performance Stages Fact Sheet covers:

Comparison LED screens vs Standard Flats and Projection in terms of
Pro's and Con's

Design Guide: Retrofitting Options For HVAC Systems
The Guide addresses...

• what to consider before retrofitting?

• typical equipment upgrades

• energy saving devices that can be retrofitted to existing HVAC systems
Design Guide: Managing Peak Demand in a Live Performance Venue
Network charges explained
Access (connection fee to network)
Consumption (quantity and time)
Peak demand and Capacity Charges (Max. amount of electricity used during the billing period)

Understanding Peak Demand
When did the peak take place?
Why did the peak occur at that time?
What contributes to peak demand?

Peak Demand Reduction
Rescheduling loads
Load shedding
Power factor correction
Sub-metering and Energy Efficiency
Energy Efficiency....

saves costs on energy consumption
extends the life span of fittings, equipment and appliances
reduces your environmental impact and conserves resources
enhances your reputation and image (informal &formal)
can open up sponsorship opportunities

Managing Energy Consumption
Estimations suggest that....
up to
of heating, ventilation and air conditioning building control systems are improperly configured
costing industry over
£500 million
in additional energy costs per year in the UK

A building management system (BMS) can reduce energy costs by up to 10%!
Carbon Trust, 2007
areas where energy performance is poor
opportunities to save energy
energy consumption of individual performances

Are you eager to take the first steps in improving your energy impacts?

Before delving into the detail about what changes you can make to the way you manage your venue, we want to help you understand what your energy impacts are.

Not only will it help you benchmark your energy efficiency against other venues, it will also help us to begin building a valuable industry data set.

The more people that input their data, the more accurate the benchmarks will be in the long run!
In the future, Management Guides around the following themes will be developed:

Energy Efficiency Policy
Sub-metering systems
Integration of Energy Efficiency into technical inductions
Building a business case for your board or sponsors

Global Creature's production of King Kong is using a 12mm pixel LED screen that is 27metres wide and 8metres high.

This results in nearly 1,500,000 LED pixels emitting incredible light but requiring minimal power input to bring alive.

Case Study
Information Kit:
Building Management Systems (BMS) for Live Performance Venues
Why a BMS is important for Energy Efficiency

How a BMS works

What building services can be managed with a BMS
BMS and HVAC Systems
BMS and Lighting Control Systems

Key Benefits of a BMS

Key Issues with existing BMS
Lack of Staff Familiarity
Lack of Monitoring and Data Logging
Lack of Maintenance and Optimisation
Technical Issues

How to get the most out of your BMS
Sub-metering can help you in identifying...

The purpose of this checklist is to prompt venue managers to consider implementing energy efficiency measures across their venue

further resources help to understand and implement measures given in this checklist

London’s theatre industry’s carbon footprint: 50,000 tonnes a year
Energy Consumption in Theatres
Green Theatre - Greater London Authority, 2008
Lighting Innovations at the Savoy Theatre, London
the first
entirely electrically-lit
public building in the world

the first venue in the world to house
a wirelessly dimmed retrofit LED dim-to-zero lamp

Savoy's wireless control system (ArcMesh) makes a 90% energy saving
a remote switch for the houselights was installed at the Stage Door to ensure that the system is switched off completely every night – saving energy still further

The Savoy Theatre demonstrates that properly designed, good quality LED equipment continues to have a place in the public realm, without compromising output or, indeed, the audience experience
STAPLES Center Arena, Los Angeles
AEG owned arena hosting more than 250 events & 4 million guests each year
1st U.S. arena to achieve ISO 14001 certification for an environmental management system (EMS)
a variety of conservation measures through its EMS reduced
electricity consumption by 12%
replaced almost 3,000 halogen fixtures throughout the facility with LEDs,
saving nearly $80,000 per year
—2% of total energy costs
it uses variable-speed drives on all air handlers and one chiller
Full transcript