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Benjamin Franklin

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Michael Gordon

on 30 September 2013

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Transcript of Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin
Political achievements
Not only did Benjamin Franklin sign one of the major documents that contributed to Americas independence, but he signed all four of them.
This included The Declaration of Independence (1776), the Treaty of Alliance, Amity, and Commerce with France (1778), the Treaty of Peace between England, France, and the United States (1782), and the Constitution (1787).
He was part of writing the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution.
No other person was more involved in the creation of our nation.
Inventions
Video

Sources
http://www.library.thinkquest.org/TQ0312848/bfranklin.htm

http://www.fi.edu/franklin/statsman/

http://www.ushistory.org/franklin/info/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Franklin
Background information
Politics became an interest for Franklin in the 1750s. He stayed in England to 1775, as a representative for Pennsylvania, Georgia, New Jersey, and Massachusetts. Franklin considered himself a loyal Englishman but started to wonder if America should break free of England after witnessing the retaliation against the Stamp Act. Franklin, was sick of the corruption he saw all around him
Contributions
Not only was he a very significant part in freeing the colonies into the free nation that it became but he was a major inventor. Some of his creations were:
The fuel-saving Franklin stove (1742)
The Lightning Rod (1753)
a special lens for eyeglasses called bifocals (1784)
he proposed the idea of day-light savings time while he was in Paris.
Benjamin Franklin was born in Boston in 1706. He was raised in a family of fifteen children and therefore his family had financial issues. Unlike other great American Historical figures, he was not privileged. He worked as a printer with his brother, which led him to become a writer. He wrote the Poor Richard's Almanack first published in 1732.
http://www.biography.com/people/benjamin-franklin-9301234

DID YOU KNOW?

That Ben was a noted polymath, a leading author, printer, political theorist, politician, postmaster, scientist, musician, inventor, satirist, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat!?
Franklin has been honored on coinage and money; warships; the names of many towns, counties, educational institutions, namesakes, and companies
He was also a federalist (he wanted the governing power to be shared by both national and local government).
Franklin was also a deist, this was mentioned in his autobiography in 1771. A deist is someone who believes in god exists but does not interfere with the lives of people but also he also was a devote Christian who followed Christian morals.
Benjamin also played the violin and he loved Beethoven.
He had a system to develop his character which was called the 13 virtues.
Early Life
Benjamin Franklin went to school for two years until he had to drop out due to financial issues. For the next two years he continued his education through reading.
He taught himself to swim by reading a book about the basics of swimming, he also tried to become a vegetarian after reading a book about meat. He thought that it would be healthier as well as save him money for books.
He enjoyed writing, when he was 15 he secretly wrote stories and slipped them under the door of his brothers print shop where they were published in the newspaper under the pseudonym Silence Dogood. His stories were filled with advice and were very critical of the world around "her", particularly concerning the issue of how women were treated.
Fun Facts
Even though many people think that Ben was left handed, it was never proven that he really was.
As a kid he earned the nickname "Water-American Ben Franklin", because his British friends drank a lot of beer, but Ben would only drink water!
While writing anonymous stories for his brothers newspaper, he went by the alias Silence Dogood, who was a apparently a widowed woman.
Ben kept James newspaper going while he was in jail, when James got out from jail, he was not grateful to Ben for keeping the paper going. He would harass and beat Ben from time to time.
In 1723, Ben could not take it anymore and ran away to Philadelphia
Signing of the Treaty of Paris
in politics. Franklin, who had proposed a plan for united colonies in 1754, now would start working toward that goal and for Independence. Franklin got into the Second Continental Congress which helped to draft the Declaration of Independence though Jefferson wrote it, much of the contribution is Franklin's. The French government allied with the Americans in 1778 part of
which was due to Franklin's popularity. Franklin signed the
Treaty of Paris in 1783, after the Americans had won
the war.
Bifocals
Benjamin was getting old and was having trouble seeing both up-close and at a distance. Getting tired of switching between two types of glasses, he devised a way to have both types of lenses fit into the frame. The distance lens was placed at the top and the the up-close lens was placed at the bottom.
Lightning Rod
Once Franklin had an understanding of the behavior of electricity, he set about to protect houses from the destructive forces of lightning.
Franklin Stove
The stove Franklin created provided more heat and less smoke than an open fireplace and uses less wood. This cast-iron furnace would radiate heat from the middle of the room in all directions, and the iron walls even absorbed heat, providing warmth to the room long after the fire went out.
13 Virtues

Temperance
Silence
Order
Resolution
Frugality
Industry
Sincerity
Justice
Moderation
Cleanliness
Tranquillity
Chastity
Humility
The Signing of the
Declaration of Independence
Communist Manifesto 2012-13?
Full transcript