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Ethnic Conflict in Spain (Basque and Catalan Nationalism)
Transcript of Ethnic Conflict in Spain (Basque and Catalan Nationalism)
The Different Approaches to Freedom
How it all Began...
Monday, December 14, 2015
by: Bridget B. Nardin G.
Basque & Catalan Control and separation.
"The Basques and Catalans, who trace their nationalist histories back centuries, are the two foremost and empowered ethnic groups attempting to wrest power away from the central government in Madrid. While the two share many common traits, they also diverge in certain aspects and platforms of their movements."
- Ryan Barnes
The Basque and Catalan Nationalism
Why Catalonia should separate from Basque
Ethnic conflict in Spain
Modern Basque and Catalan nationalism differed in their central tenets, tactics, and goals. While Basque promoted a more primordial, racial, and thus exclusionary form of Basque nationalism, the Catalans were more civic-minded and tolerant of outsiders who came to Catalonia and assimilated.
Basque lang. is an oddity, has no apparent, harder to learn
Catalan lang. is a romance lang. similar to Spanish, easier to learn
Basque has wielded a terrorist group known as the ETA., and killed 952
Approached their conflict more violently (ETA)
a society with its own uniqueness: culture, language, and traditions.
more "Mature" in ways of approaching their struggle
The Facts of the Conflict
This conflict was caused by Spain returning to a democracy and the Basque country wanting to gain independence (the Spanish govt. denied their independence) therefore starting the ETA as a rebellion.
This dispute started with peaceful protests and now is a matter of open violence
"The spatial extent of this conflict lies as far as the coast of the bay of Biscay, and enters the northern and southern slopes of the western Pyrenees, bordering Spain and France.
more than 1,000 injured, dozens kidnapped some gone t exile
How this can be viewed-> on a global scale, this conflict is not brought up much and is not looked at in great detail - on regional scale, this is semi- relevant but the most commotion probably is caused by the threat of the ETA - on a local scale, this conflict is brought up often and has started many uproars
The shape an size of Spain does no really have an effect on the conflict, for it is not a dispute over boundaries
Spain is avoiding all possibilities of devolution by out rightly keeping power from the hands of the Basque and Catalonians.
People from Basque are seeking full independence. The ETA is one of the groups who strives for independence by sometimes centrifugal forces, except the ETA and Basque have different ways of Achieving their independence.
Imperialism problems: Basque- Wants to have control and power over its own land, Catalonia- Wants to develop its language and culture (Separate from Spain)
The NATO is involved in this conflict
What do you think is a possible solution?
1978 Spain had a new constitution but the document did not separate Basque and Catalan from Spain.
Basque and Catalonia believed that their nationality and languages should be recognized and developed but this document was impending on their hopes; which resulted in rioting.
The committee did not even mention the territorial borders of the regions and did not clarify the distinction between the rights of nationalities as opposed to those of regions.