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GMO Biotechnology Reasearch Presentation
Transcript of GMO Biotechnology Reasearch Presentation
By: Amanda Hua, Danielle Koontz, Dara Woo, and Julianna Cho Period 1
Imagine if you had super powers.
There would be unlimited possibilities!
What are GMO's
Genetically Modified Organisms
Organisms who's genetic material has been altered
Analogy: Captain America was selected to become the "perfect soldier". He went to a lab where they injected his DNA with other DNA to make him bigger, better, stronger, and faster.
Examples of GMO's
These are foods that have a high percentage of gentetic modification:
How does all of this relate to Bio?
How are GMO's made?
Where and how should we put this slide into our presentation?
GMO in DNA
- Cons -
1. Doctor's are urged to tell their patients to avoid GMO's because:
-animal tests have shown that GMO's have large affects on them:
-immune system disorders
-faster aging rate
- Cons -
Studies on humans have shown that GMO's leave behind bacteria in our bodies.
The bacteria has the potential to cause future issues in people's bodies!
- Cons -
-Ever since GMO's have been introduced to society many people have fallen sick to chronic illnesses
The AAEM instructs everyone to
Even though there is not
evidence pointing towards GMO's for
the diseases AAEM thinks its better to be
? Questions to Think About ?
What we choose to do now can make a big impact on our own future.
We need to make a choice.
How Expensive are GMO's?
Take a guess.
to just DEVELOP the new GMO. That's about the cost of a
HUNDRED MILLION DOLLARS.
Do you know what you could
with a hundred million dollars?
And what's the maximum? That's a trick question. The development costs are rising quickly. But what's the current ceiling?
You could get a 25,000 square foot
Particle gun technology!
There are 4 parts:
tiny pellets of gold or tungsten (a rare metal) coated in DNA
are put in the gun and the plastic bullet is
GMO's can also be used to
food (fruits and vegetables) at a higher rate by speeding up
and causing plants to hold more
They're also easier for
to grow and
for, and so you can grow
for less effort.
Biotech companies grow larger, meaning more
for people, which can lead to a
to go around, which means that surplus food can be shared with the
poor and hungry
Recombinant DNA Created
The idea for
comes from a grad student at Stanford University.
Professor Herbert Boyer
and a few of his biologist colleagues run with it.
A group of
get together with a few
and doctors to create guidelines for the
genetically engineered DNA.
First GMO Patent Issued
A 1980 court case between a genetics engineer at General Electric and the
U.S. Patent Office
is settled by a 5-to-4 Supreme Court ruling, allowing for the
first patent on a living organism.
GMO Hits Grocery Stores
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
the Flavr Savr tomato for sale on grocery store shelves. The
has a longer shelf life than conventional tomatoes.
Research shows that the super weeds are
seven to 11 times
more resistant to
than the standard weed.
The European Union rules in favor of
all GMO food products
, including animal feed.
GMO Food Crops Dominate
100 million acres worldwide
are planted with genetically engineered
. The marketplace begins embracing GMO technology at an
Do you want to look like this rat?
This could be our future... Is this what we want?
Corn that is genetically modified to include an
. This means the farmer doesn’t have to spray with pesticides, because the insects
from eating the corn.
More examples of GMO'S
Wild salmon takes about three years to reach its full size. GM salmon not only grows faster but also reaches about twice the size.
Soybeans can feed humans and animals, create biofuels and foam (coolers, car interior, shoe insoles, etc.), and oils. GMO's enhance the size of the soy bean.
Particle Gun Technology
Now, you have a bullet speeding through the barrel of the gun with little pellets covered in DNA clinging on.
there is a sheet of metal with really
holes in it at the end of the barrel. When the
hits the metal, it's too
to go through the holes, but the
are small enough, so they, with their
inertia, go through, into the organism they will be
and into the
into the cytoplasm. Once they are there, the DNA they
can start modifying the cells.
First: Why yes?
There are also ethical reasons:
What happens if you had a potential for a
and it was genetically
What if you could modify your
DNA to make it so that they would be
(GATTACA)? Do you really want the
to change your child?
world hunger, an on going problem since... FOREVER.
But then again... Why no?
GMO's have been known to cause
Also, they're using test organisms to design all of these GMOs. They are
, just for the small
that there will be a better future.
Are we willing to take that chance?
Also, there are ethical reasons.
How are GMO's made?
Do we want to allow others to kill plants and animals to test these GMO's?
If we allow this testing to
plants and animals are we
to kill before we find the
for GMO's to be
We aren't guaranteed a good future because of GMO's. What if our
isn't so bright if we decide to use GMO's?
Are we willing to take that risk?
Many non-genetic manufactured plants are killed from insects/weeds:
With GMO's the plants would be able to
we are also able to increase the
Non-Genetic manufactured plants are also killed from the weather conditions:
With GMO's the plants can
environments therefore less of the crops will be damaged =
food for us! :) (strawberry)
Bacteria is also used to
used to modify
(Agro- like agriculture, plants)
have the ability to modify
Either one of these is
into the organism and
the organism's DNA, using the
Ultimately the decision is up to
think we should have GMO's in
Thanks for Listening!
Genes can also be inserted using very thin needles to insert DNA directly into the cell membrane. From there, the cell will take in the DNA.
This is the stereotypical way
1. What is more important to us? Our health or feeding the entire population food, which has the potential to harm us?
2. Will eating harmful food be more beneficial to a growing population?
3. Is it worth risking the health of others just so we can produce more food?
the trigger is pulled, and as the bullet moves through the
of the gun, the metal pellets are
and attach to the bullet.
3 ways to make GMO's:
3 components of making GMO's:
The gene you want to transfer
The organism you want to put it into
A vector to carry the gene into the target species cells.
You know the phrase "sick as a pig"?
Lately, we all have been learning about genetics and DNA:
- when organisms are genetically modified their
DNA is altered
to change the organism
from the organism
-This will then change the organism's
making it appear to our own liking
, just artificially.
I don't think we actually need this slide because we already have several examples of GMO's so I don't think we need to add more
Cons of GMO's
Time to make a decision
They can even modify foods to
therefore decreasing the rate of obesity!
Help feed 3rd world countries or people in need
Possibly add more
and health benefits to vegetables, etc.
Future of GMO's
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Butler, T.. N.p.. Web. 30 Jan 2014. <http://organic.lovetoknow.com/History_of_GMOs>.
Phillips, T.. N.p.. Web. 30 Jan 2014. <http://www.nature.com/scitable/topicpage/genetically-modified-organisms-gmos-transgenic-crops-and-732>.
Diaz, J., and J. Keil. Encyclopedia britannica, Inc., 2009. 0. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/897705/genetically-modified-organism-GMO>.
hudsonalpha, . N.p.. Web. 30 Jan 2014. <http://www.hudsonalpha.org/education/kits/gmod/gmos-made>.
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, for the best
for lonely children out of fruit for example
for super humans
so we can eat more of them
fruit run so we can ride them instead of
air pollution (plants breathe in CO2)