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U.S. Perspective on the Cold War

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by

Ajan Lorenz Adriano

on 9 March 2015

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Transcript of U.S. Perspective on the Cold War

Soviet Union Perspective
-Stalin: viewed the post-WWII world to be Imperialists/Capitalists vs. Communists (the two could not co-exist) sugar-coated view of Cold War
- Nikita Khrushchev continues beliefs of Stalin
- Brezhnev in power(1964-1982) = period of stagnation
- 1970s = less hostility towards U.S. blame
- Gorbachev (1985) = cooperation with U.S. = more open interpretation of the Cold War
U.S. Perspective on the Cold War
Prezi by
Ajan Lorenz L. Adriano

World War I --> World War II
World War II --> Cold War
The Cold War
U.S. Perspective
Post-1991/Post-Revisionist View
- Francis Ferdinand is assassinated

- Lusitania is sunk

- U.S. Declares War on Germany after the sinking of Lusitania

-Paris Peace Conference

- Treaty of Versailles ends WWI

-Blame is put on Germany(foreshadowing WWII)
- Japan invades Manchuria (begins WWII in the pacific)

- Germany invades Poland (1939)

- Germany/Soviet Union: nonaggression agreement

- Japan bombs Pearl Harbor (1941)

- Bombing of Nagasaki and Hiroshima ends WWII (1945)

- Yalta Conference foreshadows Cold War (Three Powers have a hard time being in agreement)
- Yalta Conference begins the Cold War

- Red Scare throughout America; Stalin puts limitations on what can be taught

- Space Race begins(1955) = increased nationalism in the U.S.

- U.S. transports missiles to Italy and Turkey (in range of Moscow) (1962)

- Cuban Missile Crisis (National Security increases(Red Scare + will be brought up in reflection))

- Vietnam War displeases the American people

- Gorbachev in Power(1985) = in support of U.S. --> Collapse of USSR(1991)

Revisionist View on the Cold War
Skills/Thesis/Obj.
Gist of Thesis: The USSR and U.S. both provided a biased depiction of the Cold War, but as the Soviet Union came to a close, documentation allowed post-revisionist perspective to depict a more all-around picture of the Cold War taught in American schools today
Skill(s): Synthesis(incorporating other skills)
Period(s): 7; 8; 9
Obj.:POL6 & WOR7
Reflection/Personal Statements
- Surveyed Peers (Cold War, who's to blame?); Perspectives today

Learned: How World War I/ World War II/ Cold War intertwine including to present day
-History can be interpreted in many ways and is not "set in stone"

-Any Questions?
- Public saw Communism as an eminent threat ( )
-Government knew they were not threatened by other Communist countries to the extent of having to start war, but they used it to justify the Vietnam War
- Traditionalist: Stalin's aggressive expansionism is the cause
Red Scare
- The Revisionist view started in 1961

- Put the blame on the U.S.

- Reasoning for the blame: U.S.A joined the Vietnam War, when the people supported only containment not war on the other side of the world

- Reason to support Soviet Union: They were only setting up a buffer zone of Communist states because they were afraid the U.S. would turn on them
- The Blame is put on neither U.S.A nor Russia

- Began in 1970s

- Became widely accepted after the fall of the Soviet Union, when documentation became more accessible

- Multilateralism (economic gain road on containment)

- John Lewis Gaddis (1972): Both nations wanted peace; Cold War = misunderstanding;(equal blame rather than none)
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