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Transcript of Kansas-Nebraska Act
So what was it really about?
On the surface, it was the story of railroads, but the deeper issue was yet another conflict regarding slavery...
Split Whig party
N. Whigs became the Republican Party.
S. Whigs joined the Democratic Party.
Missouri Compromise repealed.
Railroad Industry Boom:
began to replace canals for transportation.
Because expansions were obtaining more land for both industry and agriculture:
Slave prices were increasing.
New products like iron were being made in factories to help speed the process along.
Results that would lead to the Civil War:
The choice to create a free or slave state (A.K.A. POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY) led to the immigration of many proud southerners (especially Democrats who opposed Lincoln and his Republican Party).
Northern States: Against. They thought it favored slavery.
Southern States: For. They used it to their advantage. How?
1) Tindall, George B, and David E. Shi. America: A Narrative History. New York: W.W. Norton, 2010. Print.
2) Guelzo, Allen C. "The Nebraska- Kansas Act Of 1854." American Historical Review 114.4 (2009): 1084-1085. History Reference Center. Web. 4 Nov. 2013.
3) Coclanis, Peter A. "Off Track: The Railroading Of Antebellum Southern Economic History*." Social Science Quarterly (Wiley-Blackwell) 84.3 (2003): 738-743. Business Source Complete. Web. 5 Nov. 2013.
Ruin of popular sovereignty.
Surprise! More sectionalism.
By: Anna Davis and Kaylah Kennedy
Proposed popular sovereignty for the new territories of Kansas and Nebraska in the hope of gaining more supporters for Douglas from the south.
Opposition: Abraham Lincoln
Came out of political retirement with a speech at Peoria speaking against the act.
36' 30' line had been the South's compromise with the North, allowing Missouri as a slave state.
Criticized popular sovereignty.
He questioned the humanity of slaves. Was freeing them morally right?
Grouped separate political parties that opposed slavery into the Republican Party with a speech at a convention in Bloomington.
2) Monroe, R. D. "The Kansas-Nebraska Act and the Rise of the Republican Party, 1854-1856." Abraham Lincoln Historical Digitization Project. Abraham Lincoln Historical Digitization Project, n.d. Web. 05 Nov. 2013. <http://lincoln.lib.niu.edu/biography6text.html>.
Senator Stephen A. Douglas:
Senator of Illinois.
Wished to appeal to the South.
Main supporter of the act.
wreaked this havoc!!!
3) Douglas, Stephen A. "An Act to Organize the Territories of Nebraska and Kansas." Avalon Project. Yale Law School, n.d. Web. 05 Nov. 2013. <http://avalon.law.yale.edu/19th_century/kanneb.asp>
Remember the Missouri Compromise? Yeah. The one with the 36°30'.........
....Well that did not work, did it?
So if people were starting to ignore the Missouri Compromise of 1820, then why not ignore the Compromise of 1850 with the Fugitive Slave Act as well?
1) Ushistory.org. "The Kansas-Nebraska Act." US History Online Textbook. Ushistory.org, n.d. Web. 05 Nov. 2013. <http://www.ushistory.org/us/31a.asp>
Kansas-Nebraska Act (school Project)
"...a temporary government by the name of the Territory Nebraska; and when admitted as a State or States, the said Territory or any portion of the same, shall be received into the Union
with without slavery
, as their
constitution may prescribe at the time of the admission
: Provided, That nothing in this act contained shall be construed to inhibit the government of the United States from
dividing said Territory into two or more Territories
, in such manner and at such time as Congress shall deem convenient and proper, or from attaching a portion of said Territory to any other State or Territory of the United States..."