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Conflict in Afghanistan
Transcript of Conflict in Afghanistan
By Iona, Aidan & Alice
In 1979 Afghanistan were invaded by the Soviet Union. Afghanistan became a battleground for Soviet Union and Us power and a resistance movement was formed. In 1989 soviets were pushed out by the residence and the USA. Warlords within the Afghanistan residence turned against each other as they fought for control and civil war broke out.
Impact on Children
As a result of the years of conflict in Afghanistan, the country is
now in extreme poverty and insecurity. Many children are forced onto
the streets where they must work in illegal and dangerous conditions
to provide for themselves and their families. Theft, drug smuggling
and sex work expose children to physical, sexual and emotional abuse.
Due to the poverty, the number of girls being accused of "honour
crimes" has increased. Laws to do with child marriage and child abuse
are badly understood or not good enough at protecting the victim. Lots
of girls who have actually been abused end up being accused of
adultery (which is a criminal offence in Afghanistan), and are handed
over to the authorities as a way of protecting family honour.
Impact on Children
Afghan courts aren't set up to deal with juvenile crime and its causes
(however there is a youth justice code but it is badly understood and
rarely applied). Due to this many of these children end up in adult
prisons where they are exposed to more abuse from inmates and guards.
They leave then prison with no skills, education and with nowhere to
turn to. Rejected by their families and society they often return to
crime or are coerced into committing suicide. It is common for young
girls accused of a morality crime to set themselves on fire after
being released from prison.
The group that game out the strongest was the Taliban. In 1996 the Taliban took over Kabul and most parts of the Country. The Taliban soon implemented Sharia law. In 1998 Osama Bin Laden formed Al Qaeda and bombed two US embassies in Africa. In 2001 Al Qaeda destroyed the World Trade in New York. This killed 2970 people. The US led air strike which was directed to Afghanistan. In December 2001 the Taliban lost their power. Afghanistan was angry about foreign troops being in the Country.
Before the Taliban
Women enjoyed a fairly significant amount of freedom during the twentieth century despite being treated as second class citizens under the Taliban. They received the right to vote in the 1920's and gained improving social and political status and opportunities. A revolution took place In 1978, in which the ruling government was overthrown and
its leader, Mohammad Daoud was killed.
Before the Taliban
The revolutionary government was communist and introduced policies that were not based around religion. New laws that were brought in reduced the influence of Mosques, banned women from wearing the Burqa and ordered men to cut their beards. The communist government allowed more rights for women and a ban was also placed on forced marriages. This change was actually unpopular with many people in rural areas, as they were in favour of a restriction of women's rights in accordance with their view of Islamic law.
Women Under the Taliban
The Taliban imposed a lot of rules on women and di not treat them well. The Taliban banned women from working because they believed that a women's place was in the home. Women were forbidden to be in a public or get in a taxi without a close male realtive. Many women had lost most or all