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Romanticism and Impressionism

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Elizabeth Hallock

on 13 July 2011

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Transcript of Romanticism and Impressionism

The Romantic
and Impressionist Era By LaRee Moyer and Elizabeth Hallock Art Dance Music Relevant Time Frame: 1820-1900 World Picture: Defining characteristics:
Advances in musical instruments occurred due to the industrial revolution and made them more affordable.
The orchestra became larger in size and sounds- this can be mostly attributed to Beethoven.
Romantic music and composers used folklore and exotic subjects in their music to “tell stories”.
Saw the rise of the virtuoso soloist and amateur music-makers.
Women musicians achieved a higher status in society.
The saxhorn (precursor to the modern tuba) and saxaphone were invented.
Significant artists:
Hector Berlioz - 1830 Symphonie Fantastique,
Johannes Brahms - 1868 A German Requiem,
Amy Beach - 1896 Violin Sonata,
Adolphe Sax - inventor of the saxaphone Romanticism was extremely emotional and portrayed nature’s domination over man. The subjects in the paintings were often dark, chaotic, and exotic.

Impressionism marked a huge change in art, it was not the norm, and upset many people. Most artists from this era spent a lot of time defending their work. Defining Characteristics:
These artists painted their paintings outside and without live figures to look at. The artist used the effect of light and atmosphere.
Everyday common occurrences and happenings were painted, and they use short interrupted brushstrokes in order to give a sense of depth and movement.
Now the shadows were no longer grey or black but rather filled in with color.
The artists used the paint right from the tube, and because of this the paint was thick and no longer gave paintings flat smooth surfaces. They used the thickness to add depth and emotion.
These artists experimented with new techniques and used asymmetrical balance. The Opera became very popular. France, Germany, and Italy all had very distinct styles.
Plays became more realistic, and acting focused on being real life, as playwrights showed interest in the psychological side of characters.
Significant artists:
Giuseppe Verdi, Rigoletto- 1851 (opera)
Victor Hugo, Les Miserables- 1862
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Faust- 1832 References How Romanticism started: In art, Impressionism grew out of the social and political upheavals that followed the French Revolution. It was due to the middle class that now allowed for free enterprise, celebrated individuality, liberty, and equality.
Romanticism in drama concentrated on the spiritual, which allowed humankind to transcend the limitations of the physical world and body. Actors and audiences wanted find an ideal truth.
Music in the Romantic period reflected the same profound changes as the rest of the arts. The industrial revolution brought technical improvements to many instruments and allowed for the invention of new wind instruments. This lead to the music sounds that were unplayable in earlier eras.
Ballet became an independent art form, not just dancing fit for kings. Ballet was established as an independent art form. The pas de deux (dance for two) became the most important type of ballet.
Significant artists:
Peter Tchaikovsky, The Nutcracker- 1892
Filippo Taglioni, La Sylphide- 1832
Adolphe Adam, Giselle, Ou Les Wilis- 1841 Drama Hector Berlioz - 1830 Symphonie Fantastique Johannes Brahms - 1868 -A German Requiem Amy Beach, 1896 Violin Sonata Adolphe Sax - inventor of the saxaphone Peter Tchaikovsky, The Nutcracker- 1892 Adolphe Adam, Giselle, Ou Les Wilis- 1841 Filippo Taglioni, La Sylphide- 1832 Giuseppe Verdi, Rigoletto- 1851 (opera) Victor Hugo, Les Miserables- 1862 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Faust- 1832 Significant artists:
Vincent Van Gogh
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Gustave Courbet
Eugene Delacroix
Auguste-Barthelemy Glaize
Claude Monet
Camille Pissarro
Paul Gauguin
Georges Seurat
Edgar Degas Van Gogh's "Starry Starry Night" Renoir's "Girl with a Watering Can" Pissarro's "The Boulevard
Montmartre At Night" Monet's "The Artist's Garden at Giverny" Forney, K. & Machlis, J. (2008). The Enjoyment of
Music. W.W. Norton & Company, Inc. New York,
New York.

History of Drama retrieved on July 9, 2011 from
http://litera1no4.tripod.com/dramahistory.html

Neret, G. (1985). The Impressionists. Wellfleet Press,
Secaucus, New Jersey.

Johannes Brahms: German Requiem 4th movement.
Retrieved on July 9, 2011 from
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2RskSMhNPoM

Amy Beach - Sonata for violin in A minor (1896): second
movement. Retrieved on July 9, 2011 from
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cQbfIMLphWA

Le Corsaire Overture featuring the FAMU Saxophone
Ensemble. Retrieved on July 9, 2011 from
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8OF_BcZXdNk

Tchaikowsky - Nutcracker Ballet: Dance of the Mirlitons -
Kirov Ballet . Retrieved on July 9, 2011 from
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qBDODIWeKbE

Hugo Fanari dancing, James Variation from "La Sylphide". Retrieved on July 9, 2011 from
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MC0wP0JrYSY

Giselle -théatre Kirov-Adolphe Adam. Retrieved on July 9, 2011 from
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KXOzuxhEGWc Birth of democracy: During this period many major player countries were democratic. Others wanted to be. Artists considered human rights, injustice of poverty, and individualism.

Industrial revolution: Trains, telephones, and factories change the way people communicate and interact. It also meant bigger, more crowded cities which changed the face and role of arts and entertainment. Artists had ability to invent new instuments, and which also meant bigger more inclusive orchestras. The huge immigration to cities gave artists new landscapes (both physcial and social) for inspiration. Amy Beach - Sonata for violin in A minor (1896): second
movement. Retrieved on July 9, 2011 from
http://www. youtube.com/watch?v=cQbfIMLphWA

Forney, K. & Machlis, J. (2008). The Enjoyment of
Music. W.W. Norton & Company, Inc. New York,
New York.

History of Drama retrieved on July 9, 2011 from
http://litera1no4.tripod.com/dramahistory.html

Image of Goethe. Retrieved on July 9, 2011 from
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Wolfgang_von_Goethe

Giselle -théatre Kirov-Adolphe Adam. Retrieved on July 9, 2011 from
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KXOzuxhEGWc

Hugo Fanari dancing, James Variation from "La Sylphide". Retrieved on July 9, 2011 from
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MC0wP0JrYSY

Johannes Brahms: German Requiem 4th movement.
Retrieved on July 9, 2011 from
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2RskSMhNPoM

Le Corsaire Overture featuring the FAMU Saxophone
Ensemble. Retrieved on July 9, 2011 from
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8OF_BcZXdNk

Les Miserables - Do You Hear the People Sing? Retrieved on July 9, 2011 from
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x6-5g78Nr6Q

Monet’s The Artist's Garden at Giverny. Retrieved on July 9, 2011 from
http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/monet/last/giverny/

Neret, G. (1985). The Impressionists. Wellfleet Press,
Secaucus, New Jersey.

Pissarro’s The Boulevard Montmartre at Night 1897. Retrieved on July 9, 2011 from
http://www.artexpertswebsite.com/pages/artists/pissarro.php

Renoir’s a Girl with a Watering Can. Retrieved on July 9, 2011 from
http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/renoir/

Rigoletto La Dona e mobile. Retrieved on July 9, 2011 from
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8A3zetSuYRg

Tchaikowsky - Nutcracker Ballet: Dance of the Mirlitons -
Kirov Ballet . Retrieved on July 9, 2011 from
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qBDODIWeKbE

Van Gogh’s Starry Starry Night. Retrieved on July 9, 2011 from
http://www.oes.org/page2/7194~Starry_Night-Vincent_vanGogh_Starry_Starry_Night_Don_McLean.html
Full transcript