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Film History Timeline
Transcript of Film History Timeline
Emergence of motion pictures The first machine made that was able to showed
animated pictures was the "zoopraxiscope".William Lincoln patented this idea, photographs were watched through a slit in the zoopraxiscope. The studio system was credited for producing some of the most legendary stars. Studios spent a lot of money to help create amazing stars. Studios back than provided raining and coaching for any promising people. 1900-1915
Emergence of the Studio System These motion pictures were first introduced in the 1890's. These were first shown as novelties than later on they were "chasers", which made the vaudeville audience realize it was time to leave. The vaudeville theater owners didn't usually pursue motion pictures as a standalone form of entertainment. 1902-1925
Rise of motion picture industry In the mid-1920's many movies were threatened by the radio. Until the movies started having sound. The audiences then continued to watch movies, the radio did not beat out movies. 1922-1934
Arrival of sound 1930-1938
Depression-Era Hollywood 1934-1945
Wartime Hollywood 1935-1973
Decline of film censorship 1936-1938
Labor unrest in Hollywood 1936-1964
Television and the movie industry 1936-1971
Civil Rights and Hollywood 1940's .
Foreign films 1938-1953
Decline of the Studio System 1938-1974
Anti-Communism in Hollywood 1946-1958
Courting the youth market 1960-1999
The contemporary motion picture industry In 1934, Will Hays, head of the Motion Pictures Producers and Distributors Association, said that "No medium has contributed ore greatly than the film to the maintenance of the national morale during a period featured by revolution, riot and political turmoil in other countries." During the Great Depression, Hollywood played a huge psychological and ideological role in providing hope for the people. Many people watched movies during the great depression to keep hopes up. From 1946 to 1962 movies became a lot more open toward society. Sexuality and violence was shown more. There was a conflict with the government who didn't like the openness. This era was the beginning of the breaking apart of censorship within movies. The first commercial television station begins broadcasting. Hollywood introduced Cinerama and 3-D. Film studios were sued and made to sell or lease their movies to T.V. The Walt Disney Company began to produce television programs. Color television was approved. The International Association of Theatrical Stage Employees succeeded in establishing a closed shop for several Hollywood crafts. After the Supreme Court upholds the National Labor Relations Act, unions launched campaigns in Hollywood for a "closed shop", requiring all workers to join the union. Cartoonists strike at Walt Disney. Disney blamed the the strike on Communists. In October, 1947, 10 members of the Hollywood film industry publicly denounced the tactics employed by the House Un-American Activities Committee, and investigative committee of the U.S House of Representatives, during its probe of alleged communists influence in the American motion picture business. As the Studio System emerged, there were five major studios and three minor studios dominating the film industry. Their factory-based production and business practices allowed them to dominate overseas production. In the early 1940's were charged with violating federal anti-trust laws. This prevented new producers from entering the industry. The Hollywood blacklist was a list of people who were denied employment in the field because of their political beliefs or associations. Even during the early period of its strictest enforcement, the late 1940's through the 1950's, the blacklist was rarely made explicit and verifiable. It caused direct damage to many peoples careers. The cartoon The Talking Magpies introduces the characters Heckle and Jeckle. Warner Bros. begin to license its cartoon characters to children's clothing manufacturers. Many other children shows were also created. A movie features "Smell-O-Visions." TWA shows the first feature exhibited on a regular scheduled commercial airline flight - MGM's By Love Possessed. Americans spend $12 billion to buy or rent video tapes, compared to $4.9 billion on box office ticket sales. 76% of homes have VCR's. The Blair Witch Project cost $30,000 to make, it grossed $125 million, making it the most profitable film in Hollywood History. In September 1941, an investigation was launched to see if Hollywood was apart of bringing the United States into World War II. Hollywood was charged with designing many motion pictures that influenced American people into wanting to fight.