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Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott

Research project on Rosa Parks and Montgomery Bus Boycott
by

Kristine Albury

on 15 January 2013

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Transcript of Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott

Rosa Parks and the
Montgomery Bus Boycott

By:

Kristine Albury
&
Lindsey Holland JAMES F. BLAKE James Blake was
the bus driver who
called the cops to report
Rosa Parks. Rosa Parks was an african american
woman born on February 4, 1913, in
Tuskegee, Alabama. In 1955 Rosa
attended Highlanders Folk School, where
she would be learning with white people...... Soon after she returned from Highlanders, she went back to being a seamstress......... On December 1, 1955 Rosa Parks was riding home from work on a Montgomery city bus. She was seated in the first row of the colored section. All of the white section had filled up when another white man boarded the bus. The bus driver, James Blake, demanded that Rosa Parks and the people in her row stand up and move to the back of the bus. When the three African Americans refused to move James Blake said........ ''y'all better make it light on yourselves
and let me have those seats.''
The three other blacks on her row got up
and moved, Rosa Parks remained seated.The bus
driver warned Parks a second time, she still refused.
So he called the city ''Black riders'' (the police) who arrested Rosa Parks. Her arrest angered the blacks of
Montgomery.
They started a boycott, led by
Martin Luther King Jr. The
African Americans refused to
ride the city buses, instead they
got to work by walking, bicycling,
riding horses and mules,
or carpooling. The bus drivers still
did not want the law to be changed
even though they lost lots of money. Rosa was sent to jail the same day. She was bailed out the next day, her bail was $100 The boycott lasted for 382 days, from December 5th, 1955
to December 20th, 1956. African american Women signaling for carpool. On December 20, 1956 the law on
bus segregation had been changed
by the U.S. Supreme Court. So black
and white people could ride the buses
and sit where every they wanted. Blacks
wouldn't be arrested for not giving
up their seat to whites. The blacks had won the fight!
It was all because of Rosa Parks
and her act of defiance of the law.
It was one of the defining acts of
the civil rights movement. We will remember Rosa Parks
throughout history because of her
courageous act of equality. When Rosa Parks was 86 years old she was awarded the ''Congressional Gold Medal of Honor'' by President Clinton. During her brief remarks Rosa said, ''This medal is encouragement for all us to continue until all have right.'' Rosa died on October 24, 2005. Thousands of people attend her funeral. It was so tragic that the President George W. Bush ordered that all of U.S. flags were to be flown at half mast. Websites:
"Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955-19560)".
stanford.edu. "n.p." ," n.d.'' web. 7, Jan. 2013.

"Rosa Park honored with Congressional Gold Medal."
www.cnn.com. ''n.p.'' June 15, 1999. web. Jan. 10, 2013.

"Rosa Parks Bus" www.thehenryford.org ''n.p.'' 2002,
web. 7 Jan. 2013.

'' James F. Blake." www.wikipedia.org ''n.p.'' ''n.d.'' web. Jan10, 2013.

"Parks, Rosa Louise" worldbookonline.com ''n.p.'' ''n.d.'' web. 7 Jan. 2013.

"Montgomery Bus Boycott." World Book Discover.com."n.p." ''n.d.'' web. 7 Jan. 2013.

" Rosa Parks Ignites Bus Boycott." history.com . "n.p." "n.d." web. 7 Jan. 2013.

Murphy, Bruce Allen. "Montgomery Bus Boycott." worldbookstudent.com . "n.p." "n.d." web. 9 Jan. 2013.

"Rosa Parks." Academyofacemements.com . "n.p." 1996-2013. web. 10 Jan. 2013.

"Rosa Parks' Death." RosaParksfacts.com . "n.p." "n.d." web. 10 Jan. 2013.

Riley." How Long was Rosa Parks in Jail." yahooanswers.com . "n.p." 4 years ago. web. 11 Jan. 2013. Books:
Hurley, Jennifer A. The 1960's San Diego: Greenhaven Press. 2000. print

Hull, Mary. Rosa Parks Civil Rights Leader. Philadelphia: Chelsea House, 1994. Print.

Celsi, Teresa. Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Brookfield: Gateway Civil Rights The Millbrook Press, 1991. Print.


Encyclopedia:
"Parks, Rosa- Parliament. New Stanford Encyclopedia. Vol. 13 Chicago: Ferguson 2001. print

"Parks, Rosa Louise." WorldBook Vol. 15 Chicage: Scott Fetzer. 2007. Print. ( ) How did Rosa Parks/Montgomery Bus
Boycott effect the 1960's?
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