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Universal Design in Landscape Architecture
Transcript of Universal Design in Landscape Architecture
silent and invisible
What is Universal Design?
Designing spaces that quietly meet needs of all users.
Easy to navigate and understand without explanation.
Evolved from Accessible Design, a design process that addresses the needs of people with disabilities (ADA).
What are the Principles of Universal Design
1. Equitable Use
2. Flexibility in Use
3. Simple and Intuitive Use
4. Perceptible Information
5. Tolerance for Error
6. Low Physical Effort
7. Size and Space for Approach and Use
Why is it Important?
Instead of focusing solely on the civil rights of people with disabilities, Universal Design is designed with everyone in mind.
It strives to meet the best practices for design, while meeting people's different needs.
Rather than providing access without aesthetics in mind, Universal Design aims to create attractive designs.
Provide the same means of use for all users.
Avoids segregating users.
Requires privacy, security, and safety to all users, equally.
Integrated, dispersed, and adaptable seating.
Flexibility in Use
Provide choice for methods in use.
Blends form, function, and beauty for all users.
Handicap Interactive Botanical Garden
Simple and Intuitive Use
Intuitive to use, regardless of the user’s experience, knowledge, language skills, or current concentration level.
Guiding arrows directed towards a destination.
Communicates necessary information effectively to the user, regardless of ambient conditions or the user’s sensory abilities.
Individuals with blindness are able to communicate through braille.
Tolerance for Error
Minimizes hazards and errors.
Maintenance of low bearing trees or overgrown plants that could cause danger.
Low Physical Effort
Used efficiently and comfortably with little operating force.
Size and Space for Approach and Use
Appropriate size and space is provided for approach, reach, manipulation, and use regardless of user’s body size, posture, or mobility.
Raised planters of varying heights allow people of all ages and abilities to garden comfortably.
Looking to the Future
How has Universal Design changed the way we think about:
Minimally sloped path.
Globalization and the Marketplace