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Sociocultural Theory of Development

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Rebecca Talbott

on 19 November 2015

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Transcript of Sociocultural Theory of Development

Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934)
The Sociocultural Theory of Development
intellectual development is dependent upon the relationship between
the individual and society
new knowledge and skills are influenced
by each student's culture, especially their family environment
children must interact
with people and tools
in their environment
to understand the world
Overview
Adults must share
knowledge
with younger members
of society
one person copies or imitates another
Imitative Learning
remembering instructions of the teacher
and then using them to self-regulate
Instructed Learning
a group of peers who strive to understand each other and work together to learn a specific skill
Collaborative Learning
Types of Social Interaction
Requirements of Social Interaction
two people begin a task with different understandings and arrive at a shared understanding
Intersubjectivity
Scaffolding
adjusting the support offered during a teaching session to fit the child's current level of performance

the support tapers off as the child becomes more knowledgeable

mastery of a subject, concept, or skill can change
Learning and Social Interaction
Zone of Proximal Development
difference between what a learner can do without help and what he or she can do with help
Language and Social Interaction
language is the social means of thought
Stage 1: Social Speech
language used to communicate
Stage 2: Egocentric/Private Speech
use of speech to regulate behavior and thinking

speech begins to serve an intellectual purpose
Stage 3: Inner Speech
internalize egocentric speech

use language internally to guide thinking and behavior

think about things by using
language "in their heads"
Full transcript