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Medicine in the Victorian Era
Transcript of Medicine in the Victorian Era
Surgery was done without anesthesia and fraught with danger. Access to Medical Care In the early years there was no medical access in the countryside until 1850 when cottage hospitals began to develop. Disease Cholera MEDICINE IN THE VICTORIAN ERA Ventnor Cottage Hospital, Isle of Wight In London and other cities the rich had not just care from the best doctors and surgeons but they had it in their own homes. For lower social classes it was a completely different situation. Private Medical Care The slum dwellings of London Typhoid Fever Cholera flourished in the Victorian Era, due to extremely bad hygiene habits. A series of pandemics of Cholera happened, people didn't learn their lesson until the very last one. Bleeding, purging, sweating, blistering and amputation -Until around the mid 1800s, sanitizing tools and washing your hands was not a common thing -No effective anesthetics were known until the mid 1800s 1867 carbolic spray began being used
as a antiseptic. Bleeding using leeches. In 1867 chloroform's anesthetic
properties was discovered. William Osler -born in Canada in 1849
-many of his relatives were seamen, father was a minister
-founded 1st journal club at McGill
-co-founded John Hopkins Hospital & University in 1873
-among the 1st professors to teach outside of lecture halls
-died in 1919 from the spanish flu Emily Howard Stowe -born in 1831 in Ontario
-accepted in N.S.U.C. in 1853
-In 1863 her husband contracted tuberculosis
-1st Canadian woman to practice medicine
-tried for poisoning a patient once; aquitted Florence Nightingale -Born in 1820 in Florence, Tuscany
-experienced a divine intervention at age 17
-served in a clinic in the Crimean War 1862-1864
-led a sanitation reform, reducing fatalities to 1/10th
-Founded the Nightingale Training School in 1865
-awarded Royal Red Cross in 1883; Order of St. John in 1904
-contracted Brucellosis in 1897; died of it in 1910 Joseph Lister -son of a Quaker
-inspired to work on antiseptics by Louis Pasteur's theories on rotting and infections
-discovered carbolic acid's antiseptic properties in 1867
-made Baronet in 1887; Baron in 1897
-oversaw King Edward's appendectomy 2 days before coronation Typhoid was a fever that lasted over a length of 4 weeks. (if you didn't die) During each of the 4 weeks, different symptoms will occur