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The Great Pyramid of Giza
Transcript of The Great Pyramid of Giza
of Giza by Eli McGill and Nathan Shemwell Introduction The Great pyramid of Giza is one of the seven great wonders of the ancient world. It is the only one of the wonders that is still standing, and because of this it has aroused a lot of speculation. The Great Pyramid is also so advanced for its time that some people think that only aliens could have built it. On top of that, it was the tallest man made structure for 3,800 years. The Great Pyramid of Giza has good reason to be one of the wonders of the ancient world. Purpose The great pyramid was built as a final resting place and monument for one of Egypt's great Pharaohs, Khufu. It's ancient name was, in fact, Khufu's horizon. Khufu was the first Pharaoh to
build a pyramid on the Giza Plateau. Thank You Design The great pyramid was designed by Heminu, the pharaoh's vizier (adviser). Some of the most interesting things we found about the pyramid's design was that it was oriented with its sides on the four cardinal directions using the stars, as well as the fact that it's interior design included big slabs of granite in the pyramid to divert the weight around the interior chamber. Building As we mentioned in the introduction, the great pyramid was an amazing feat of engineering, but it was also an amazing feat of building. To move that many blocks of stone, even in the modern age, would be considered a feat unto itself. This was accomplished by carrying the rocks on boats down the Nile, then hauling the stones using skids and logs up the ramps corkscrewing the pyramid Interior The interior of the great pyramid had many rooms, including the kings chamber, the grand gallery, and many passages and air shafts, among others. Image Citation(s) Rooms in the Pyramid Works Cited "Pyramids." Pyramids. N.p., n.d. Web. 18
"Secrets Of The Pharaohs." PBS. PBS, n.d.
Web. 21 Mar. 2013.
Su. "Egyptian Monuments." Egyptian Monuments.
N.p., 22 Feb. 2009. Web. 21 Mar. 2013.
"The Great Pyramid of Giza." The Great
Pyramid of Giza. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2013. The two most important rooms
in the great pyramid were the king's chamber and the queen's chamber. The kings chamber is where the pharaoh and his treasure were buried. The queen's chamber is were it was originally thought the queen was
buried. However, it is now thought that a statue representing the king's life
force was buried here. Air vents and
Passages Grand Gallery and Subterranean Chamber These rooms were both storage rooms
of sorts. The grand gallery was a large
hall at the entrance to the Queens chamber and kings chamber. The Subterranean chamber was built into
the bedrock below the pyramid and
was, basically the basement of the
pyramid. Inside the pyramid there was two
main passages, and multiple air vents. The two passages were known as the ascending passage and the descending passage. The air vents aren't actually air vents. They are thought to be ways for the king's spirit to escape. An interesting thing about the air vents is that the ones in the Queens
chamber don't lead to the outside. It is thought there are secret rooms at
the end of these air vents. Dimensions of the
Great Pyramid The great pyramid was quite large.
It was 146.5 meters tall (480.6 ft.) and each side was 230.4 meters long
(755.9 ft.). The sides sloped at angles of 51 degrees and the corners measured 90 degrees, because the base of the pyramid was a square. Conclusion As you can see, the Great
Pyramid of Giza is definitely deserves the title of one of the
great wonders of the ancient. As
the theory that aliens built the great pyramid proves, people still
wonder today about the pyramid
and it's glory. "Giza on Line -The Pyramids." Giza on Line -The
Pyramids. 15 Sept. 2000. Web. 21 Mar. 2013.
"Great Pyramid of Giza Research Association." Great Pyramid of Giza
Research Association. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2013.
"Great Pyramid of Giza." Wikipedia. Wikimedia
Foundation, 17 Mar. 2013. Web. 18 Mar. 2013.
"How to Build a Pyramid - Archaeology Magazine Archive."
America, n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2013.
"Pyramid Challenge." BBC News. BBC,
n.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2013. Works Cited Inside The Great Pyramid. Digital image. The Egyptians -
Pyramids. Www.APUS.edu, 7 Oct. 2012. Web. 22 Mar. 2013.