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Rescue Robots

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David Bachmeier

on 3 April 2013

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Transcript of Rescue Robots

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Images from Shutterstock.com When mines collapse rescuers use robots with cameras to gather information about what happened and where people are in the mine. Rescue Robots By: David Bachmeier Rescue robots use sensors and cameras to help get people out of harmful situations such as collapsing mines or damaged buildings. These conditions would be to dangerous for humans to enter without information about what is going on. Then the robots give the rescuers the information they need to know they can get people out. Very recently Cornell University researchers have
developed an autonomous flying rescue robot that
will be able to maneuver around obstacles around
it. This flying rescue bot will aid in search and rescue missions in forests, tunnels, and damaged buildings.
Since it is autonomous they will not have to worry about human controllers not reacting quickly enough and having it smash into walls, it will be able to avoid any obstacle on its own using sensors. The Gemini Scout rescue robot can withstand explosions, crawl over The just-announced Gemini-Scout robot, a product of Sandia Labs. It can withstand explosions, crawl over boulders, find its way through 18 inches of water, and navigate through rubble piles. With these skills, the bot can deliver food, air packs, and medicine to miners trapped underground before human rescue teams can arrive. Snakebot is a inch-thin, 26-foot long robot propelled by nylon bristles, which are powered by a motor. Moving at the relatively slow speed of two inches per second, the bot can wriggle around corners, move through tiny gaps, and climb large inclines. The bot can’t rescue people by itself--or even provide supplies--but an attached camera can help search and rescue teams locate disaster victims. Quince, developed by researchers at the Future Robotics Technology Center, comes with a camera, CO2 sensors, a door opener, speakers, a mic, and an infrared thermography camera. The bot was also used after the Japan disaster to locate survivors in hard-to-reach areas. More recently, a modified version of Quince was sent to the Fukushima nuclear plant to measure radiation. DASH is a tiny robot that combines the durability of the cockroach with the gecko’s climbing ability. DASH (Dynamic Autonomous Sprawled Hexapod) could be equipped with CO2 detectors to find survivors in a disaster. The ultra-cheap bot could also be used to detect future problems before they happen. Researchers speculate that DASH could explore bridges with its gecko-like feet, and predict when parts might be about to collapse with cheap sensors that detect abnormal vibrations. Like snakebot, GoQBot can fit into small spaces to find disaster survivors--but it can move significantly faster. The silicone rubber robot contains shape memory alloy coils that allow it to curl up into a "q" shape and roll away at over one and a half feet per second. The Swarming Micro Air Vehicle Network (SMAVNET), consists of tiny flying robots that move in swarms. The robots, which are made from plastic foam and contain lithium ion battery-powered electric motors, each have an autopilot that controls air speed, altitude, and turn rate. The SMAVNET bots communicate with each other using optical flow sensors. Researchers hope that SMAVNET could be used to allow rescue workers to communicate during a disaster. The bots could also be used for aerial photography, surveying the landscape to find sites where people may need rescuing. Some of the future bots like SMAVNET could greatly aid in the rescue of people and save more lives. They will also make sure rescuers lives aren't put in danger so they can be safer. These future and present robots are now and will always be some of the most valuable assets to rescue missions and one day instead of just looking for people they might even be getting the people out themselves. One day if you are trapped in a collapsed building or mine it could be one of these robots that you see coming to help save your life. Sources:
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