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jenni lucasey

on 10 April 2013

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3 Main types of
Shinto : Traditional Shinto in Modern Japanese JENNI LUCASEY Types of Shinto Shrine Shinto Shinto -Shrine
-Popular (Folk) -separated in a number of institutions -19th century
-Buddhism & Shinto are closely intertwined
-Motoori Norinaga = Shinto's figure that purified the religion of all Buddhist &other foreign elements
-Shinto gained state support
-1882 became the state religion
-1868 to 1945 was good and bad for the Shinto
-Shrines still stand and are funded by the Shrine association
-Shinto is growing as years continue to pass
-Mountain worship shrine groups, half Buddhist, half Shinto combined with Confucion and Shinto teachings
-Held festivals and rituals at the shrines
ex: New Year's Eve festival, Spring festival, Annual festival, Divine Possession = on the day of the Annual festival where the miniature shrines are carried through the place of worship -13 official sects
-Places of worship churches, shrines are under control of the state
-Many of the sects are ran by women
*it is probable because women held important roles in the Japanese religion -Also known as "folk"
-has never been organized
-consists of traditional practices and understood as Japanese Folk religion
-worship that doesn't require a priest
-rituals of purification
-harm and help in a crises ask of personal blessings
-blessings are needed for birth, marriage and various stages of life
-rites can help the crop growing season
-rice is an important agricultural crop -Japan = predominantly rural area
-Japan became more urban as the 20th century approached
-Shrines are on various street corners in Tokyo and Osaka
-Shinto still exists in Japan today
-Shinto, overtime, should prove the commitment to the love of nature, and traditional ways Shrine Shinto structure: main purpose -to house one or more Shinto Kami (spirit)

non-equivalent names for shrines are: gongen, -g, jinja, jing, mori, myjin, -sha, taisha, ubusuna or yashiro

A shrine is characterized by the presence of a Honden (heart of the shrine complex) where the Kami is housed

The Honden may be set aside on a Sacred mountain dedicated & woshiped

Haiden - building that was safest to house sacred objects that was not used for worship

There are miniature shrines along the sides of roads called Hokara

Portable shrines are carried on poles during festivals for worship, housing the Kami

There are about 100,000 shrines in Japan alone Shinto shrine (cont.)

The Kannushi - priest responsible for the shrine's maintenance

Not all shrines have a Kannushi
- They're cleaned by some of the parishioners - the Ojiko

-The great shrine at Ise is dedicated to the most popular Kami, Amaterasu : Sun Goddess - made of sticks, and natural things from natures surroundings Shinto Shrine (cont.)

The following is a diagram illustrating the most important parts of a Shinto shrine.
Torii - Shinto gate
Stone stairs
Sandō - the approach to the shrine
Chōzuya or temizuya - purification font to cleanse one's hands and mouth
Tōrō - decorative stone lanterns
Kagura-den - building dedicated to Noh or the sacred kagura dance
Shamusho - the shrine's administrative office
Ema - wooden plaques bearing prayers or wishes
Sessha/massha - small auxiliary shrines
Komainu - the so-called "lion dogs", guardians of the shrine
Haiden - oratory or hall of worship
Tamagaki - fence surrounding the honden
Honden - main hall, enshrining the kami
On the roof of the haiden and honden are visible chigi (forked roof finials) and katsuogi (short horizontal logs), both common shrine ornamentations. -New religions of Japan
-There are 13 recognized sects with origins traced back to the 19th century
-Each sect has its own writings, founder, & rituals from the original Shrine Shinto
- The 13 Shinto sects were:
Tenrikyo, Konkokyo, Kurozumikyo, Fuso-kyo (which inlcuded Omoto-kyo), Izumo-oyashiro-kyo, Jikko-kyo, Misogi-kyo, Shinshu-kyo, Shinto-shuseiha, Shinri-kyo, Shinto Taisei-kyo, Ontake-kyo & Shinto Taikyo - these are independent religious movements throughout Japan Sect Shinto Popular Shinto (Folk) -Shinto = "way of the gods"
-83% of the population in Japan
-Peasants practiced Folk (Popular Shinto)
-They held Japanese traditional rituals & festivals
-These festivals formed from traditions of Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism
-ex. of folk Shinto: passages of life & year round observances such as the New Year's Eve Festival
-These festivals relate to festivals & rites of Shinto Shrine
-Popular Shinto practices divination, Spirit possession, and Shamanic healing (interact with the spirit world) -Kami: mystical, spiritual, divine Sect
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