Send the link below via email or IMCopy
Present to your audienceStart remote presentation
- Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
- People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
- This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
- A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
- Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article
Transcript of Anatomy Terminology
By: Alia Dahlan
Each of these terms is the name of a region. Ex: The phalanges are located in the digital region.
The Anterior direction is the front of the body in anatomical position.
The Posterior direction is the back of the body in anatomical position.
Vizoso, Carlos M. "Human Anatomy and Physiology I & II." Miami Dade College. Miami Dade College, n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2013. <http://faculty.mdc.edu/cvizoso/1-LabThe%20Human%20Body%20-%20Chapter%201_files/slide0019_image029.gif>.
ProProfs Flashcards. ProProfs, n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2013. <http://www.proprofs.com/flashcards/upload/a5056326.jpg>.
Wikimedia, n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2013. <http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2b/Seminal_vesicle_high_mag.jpg>.
Austin Peay State University, n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2013. <http://apbrwww5.apsu.edu/thompsonj/Anatomy%20&%20Physiology/2010/2010%20Exam%20Reviews/Exam%201%20Review/Fig.01.09ab.jpg>.
"9 Abdominopelvic Regions." N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2013. <http://classconnection.s3.amazonaws.com/65151/flashcards/783117/png/9-abdominopelvic-regions.png>.
Contains internal organs (viscera).
Thoracic Cavity - superior to abdominopelvic
It is surrounded by ribs in the chest.
Lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea...
Abdominopelvic Cavity - inferior to thoracic
Diaphragm separates it and the thoracic cavity.
Abdominal Cavity- superior to pelvic
Stomach, intestines, spleen, liver...
Pelvic Cavity- inferior to abdominal
Lies in pelvis.
Bladder, some reproductive organs, and rectum.
Protects the nervous system organs.
Cranial Cavity - superior to the vertebral
In the skull, contains the brain.
Vertebral (spinal) Cavity (canal) - inferior to the cranial
Inside the vertebral column, contains the spinal cord.
The cranial and vertebral cavities are connected because the brain and spinal cord are connected.
Umbilical - In the center around the naval.
Epigastric- Superior to umbilical.
Hypogastric (pubic) - Inferior to umbilical.
Right/Left Iliac (inguinal)- Lateral to umbilical.
Right/Left Lumbar- Lateral to umbilical.
Right/Left Hypochondriac- Lateral to epigastric.
Simple Squamous Epithelium- Found in linings of ventral cavities. Single layer of flattened cells.
Inside Lungs (alvieoli)
Simple Cuboidal ET- Found in glands and ducts. They are make circular structures and make the walls of tubes.
Gallbladder and Intestine
Simple Columnar ET- Basally-located cells that look like columns. Nuclei are found towards base of tissue layer.
Pseudostratified Ciliated Columnar ET- Seem like they are layered, but they are all attached at the same spot. The cilia use pressure to move mucus and other materials.
Inner Lining of the Mouth
Stratified Squamous ET- Lines openings because there are many layers. They are squamous on the surface, and then compressed deeper.
Transitional ET- Same as stratified, but they can have a rounded shape. They stretch and become thinner when force is exerted.
Under ET- Widely Distributed
Areolar Loose CT- Wraps and cushions organs.
Reticular loose CT- Fibers form a soft internal structure that supports other cell types, including white blood cells, mast cells, and macrophages.
Lymph Nodes, Bone Marrow, Spleen
Under Skin, Around Kidneys and Eyeballs, within Abdomen, in Breasts
Adipose- They provide insulation and reserve fuel. They support and protect organs
Dense Regular CT- They attach to bones and withstand stress when pulled in one direction.
Skin- Dermal Layer
Dense Irregular CT- They are densely- packed fibers that can withstand tension in many directions and provide strength.
Elastic Dense CT- They allow stretching and maintain pulsing.
Walls of Arteries and Bronchial Tubes
Hyaline Cartilage- They support and reinforce to reduce stress,
Most of the Embryonic Skeleton, Joint Cavities, Nose, Trachea, and Larynx
Outer Ear, Eustachian Tube and Epiglottis
Elastic Cartilage CT- Elastic fibers allow for flexibility and structure.
Fibrocartilage- Made of tough collagen fibers. They provide support and attach to surrounding structures.
Knee Meniscus, Tendons, Joints
Osseous (Bone) CT- Provides structure and support.
Blood CT- Cells surrounded by plasma. They connect body systems by transporting oxygen, hormones, and nutrients
Walls of Organs
Smooth Muscle CT- Involuntary muscles have elongated muscle cells and fibers.
Skeletal Muscle CT- They attach to bones and move bones. Cells have multiple nuclei with long cylindrical shapes.
Cardiac Muscle CT- They cause the movement/contraction of the heart.
Giant Multipolar Neuron- Sends electric signals in the brain.