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American Literature

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anne mukendi

on 27 January 2014

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Transcript of American Literature

American Literature

Anne Mukendi
Breanna Harris

Romantic Period
Anne Bradstreet
Here Follow Some Verses upon the Burning of Our House
Arthur Miller
The Crucible
Mary Rowlandson
A Narrative of the Capativity
Jonathan Edwards
Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God
Benjamin Franklin
Poor Richards Almanac
Major Historical events and Major concepts
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Self Reliance
Henry David Thoreau
Resistance to Civil Government
The Minister's Black Veil
Edgar Allen Poe
The Raven
Colonial Period
Major Historical Events and Major Concepts
Historical Events
1572- protestant reform starts in Germany
1630- great migration of Puritans to New England begins
1692- twenty people were executed during witch trials in Salem Massachusetts
1740-1745- Great Awakening is touched off by a traveling English preacher
1776- Declaration of Independence
1789- George Washington is inaugurated as president
Immigrant teenage bride ay 16 years of age
1st female writer in the British North America
Made works tended for family members
" If ever two were one, then surely we"
The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up in America (1650)
Here Follow Verses Upon the Burning of Our House(1666); imagery
A Letter to Her Husband, Absent Upon the Public Employment
Guillaume de Salluste Du Bartas
Born in New York City
Affected by the Great Depression
Had a jobs to financially support his attendance to college
Guest at Communist Meeting
Most produced play was The Crucible
All My Sons (1947)
The Crucible (1953)
Death of A Salesman (1949)
" Red Hunt" by Mcarthy

Entered Yale at the age of 13
Brought about the Great Awakening
President of the college of New Jersey (Princeton University)
"The Last Puritan"
Strict pastor

Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God; ethos, persuasion
Original Sin
Distinguishing Marks of a Woek of the Spirit of God
Reason & Independent Intellectual
Universe filled with presence of God
Born in Boston
Found the Academy of Philadelphia (University of Pennsylvania
Found 1st public library
Drafted Declaration of Independence/Negotiated peace after American Revolution
"Poor Richards Almanack"
The way to Wealth
"The Autobiography"
Life Experience
Personal Goals
Major Concepts

-A severe test or trial
Historical Events
1814: Francis Scott Key commemorating the War of 1812 writes the "Star Spangles Banner"
1828: Noah Webster publishes a dictionary of American English
1836: Thomas Cole completes
The Oxbow
, an Hudson River school Romantic landscape painting
The Scarlet Letter
is published by Nathaniel Hawthorne
The New York
Times is founded
1851: Herman Melville publishes

Major Concepts
Highly imaginative and subjective themes
Nature seen as a refuge/source or knowledge and/or spirituality
Common man seen as hero
Formal language
Romantic love, honor and integrity, idealism to self
• (1803-1882) Born in Boston
• Appealed to intellectuals and the general public.
• Went to Harvard at 14
• Accepted a post at Boston’s Second Church
• Wife- Ellen Tucker

• Nature (1836)
• Self-Reliance (
• Essays: First Series (1841)

• Views influenced by German philosophy and Biblical criticism
• Transcendentalism

• Nature is best understood and appreciated when a man is in
• Nature provides humans with a vast amount of beauty, yet humans don’t give back to nature
• People are too busy to pay attention to nature and it is often over looked because it s present every day

Born in 1817 in Concord, Massachusetts
Graduated from Harvard in 1837
Familiar with English literature and German philosophers
Hard to get along with
Fascinated by nature

Walden, or, Life in the Woods (1854)
A week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers (1849)

• Transcendentalist views- looked to nature instead of the writings of others
• Simplicity- only the minimum is necessary
• Opposed materialism because of its environmental hazards


Born in Somersetshire, England
Married to Rev. Joseph Rowlandson and conceived 4 children
Remarried to Samuel Talcott after 1st husband's death
King Phillip war victim
Captive for over 11 years
A Narrative of the Captivity
The Sovereignty and Goodness of God
Together with the Faithfulness of His Promises Displayed
Born -1809 in Boston Massachusetts
Orphan before his third birthday
Attended University of Virginia at the age of 17
Taken in by John and Frances Allan
Lacked the presence of a natural father; Received disapproval from his foster father
The Raven – 1845
The Tell-Tale Heart– 1843
The Cask of Amontillado – 1846
Believed that work of quality should be brief and focus on a specific single effect
Natural science

Allows reader to visualize author's beliefs/opinions
-"His intercourse with heaven and earth, becomes part of his daily food" (182)
Use of personification also includes imagery;paints a mental picture of
for the audience
-" Same scene which... melancholy today" (183)
(Nature is depicted as less grand and beautiful)
"To speak truly, few adult persons can see nature" (182)
-Many adults have a lack of imagination and/or perspective
-"The sun illuminates ... of the child" (182)
-Emerson began to go deeper into detail

A raven taps on the narrator's door and he eventually lets it in
The narrator begins to ask the raven questions about his lost Lenore
He begins to feel angry after the bird replies to his questions with "nevermore"
As a result, the narrator feels a sense of
, and begins to compare his soul to a shadow on the floor, indicating that it will never be lifted from the pain of losing Lenore
Analysis: Sound Effects
Allow the poem to flow in a rhythmic manner
-"Once upon ... weak and weary" (Line 1)
The Scarlet Letter
Nathaniel Hawthorne
Takes place in the Puritan community, whose religious leader is Arthur Dimmesdale
Hester commits adultery with unknown man, as a result has to wear a scarlet letter
Hester has a baby named Pearl
Her husband- Chillingworth who has been away has returned as physician
Pearl and Hester become isolated by society
As Pearl gets older, she starts to question the letter on her mothers bosom
The elders plan on taking Pearl away, and the town supports this decision
After many years the meaning of the A has changed
Dimmesdale's health is slowly declining, and he needs extra help from the physician- Chillingworth
Chillingworth seems to be nice, but has evil intentions; he suspects that Dimmesdale was the unknown man that got to know Hester
Dimmesdale mounted the scaffold during the night, later accompanied by Hester and Pearl
Pearl puts a symbol of an A on her bosom to imitate that on her mom
Pearl continues to question their mother about the letter A
Dimmesdale met Hester and Pearl in the forest to discuss their relationship
Pearl refuses to recieve Dimmesdales kiss
Dimesdale and Hester plan to go to Europe
Dimmesdale refuses the medicine from the Doctor
Dimmesdale rewrites his election speech
After the speech, Dimmesdale confessed his sin with Hester, and dies

Summary Continued
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