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Kaylene Fodra

on 20 February 2013

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Transcript of Albinism

Albinism By: Kaylene Fodra Facts About Albinism Inheritance Patterns Support Groups Life Expectancy: Symptoms of Albinism Occurrence in Gender and/or Race 1. Albinism is the absence of a color pigment, melanin, in an
organism's eye, skin, or hair. Albinism is a recessive trait.
Because of this, both parents of the
offspring must be a carrier of the
disorder. 1. Organisms that have albinism have an appearance that
consists of the absence of hair, eye, and skin color. There are three support groups that help
children, adults, and parents with children
who have albinism: 3. There are two main types of albinism: oculocutaneous albnism
(OCA) and ocular albinism (OA). 2. The appearance of someone with albinism is having white or
platinum looking hair, pale and pinkish skin, and,
sometimes, a pinkish eye color. 6. Because of their lack of skin pigmentation, humans with albinism are
more capable of getting sunburns and skin cancer. 7. Albinism is a recessive trait. 4. Oculocutaneous albinism involves the eyes, the hair, and the skin. 5. Ocular albinism is less common, but mostly deals with the eyes. Birth Occurrences 2. Some have crossed or wandering eyes. 3. People with albinism are usually sensitive to light. 4. They have rapid eye movements which makes it difficult for
them to keep eye contact. 5. They have the tendency to burn easily in the sun. 6. People with albinism have a high risk of skin cancer. 7. They usually have white skin patches. 1. National Organization for Albinism and
Hypopigmentation (NOAH)
--Can be contacted at www. albinism.org 2. International Albinism Center
--Can be contacted at www.albnism.med.umn.edu 3. Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome Network
--Can be contacted at www.hpsnetwork.org For the most part, albinism does not affect
the life span of the organism
that has the disorder. Humans with albinism
tend to live normal lives. Although albinism is a recessive trait, 1 out of every
17,000 babies are born with the disorder in the
United States every year. The likelihood of getting albinism is
not based on a specific type of ethnicity or
gender. Anyone can receive the disorder
as long as both parents are carriers of
it. Treatment There are no real cures for albinism,
but you can help treat it by: -Protecting the skin and eyes from the sun
a. Reduce the risk of sunburn by applying sunblock
b. Wear sunglasses -Wearing prescribed glasses to help the vision problems -Eye muscle surgery is rare, but it may be recommended to help
correct abnormal eye movements (nystagmus). Animals can have albinism, too. Asian African American American
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