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How did the Civil War and Reconstruction period change the lives of African-Americans in America?
Transcript of How did the Civil War and Reconstruction period change the lives of African-Americans in America?
-the 14th Amendment was made, blacks were declared as citizens and were protected by federal laws.
-then there was the 15th Amendment. This made it possible for black men to vote.
-Freeman's Bureau, an organization to help train, register to vote, and educate blacks. Downsides Other Improvements How did the Civil War and Reconstruction period change the lives of African-Americans in America? -But white Southern men who were extremely racist tried to stop them. Large plantation owners who needed laborers dominated Southern society. And since former slaves were now free, the former owners sought to control the movement and freedom of slaves as much as possible. Southerners sought to accomplish this with restrictions like "Black Codes." Some examples of "Black Codes" are the literacy test: a test that shows a person can read and write before voting. The problem with this was
Then there was the lengthy residence requirements. It required a person to live as a landowner for 10 years before they can even vote. This was an obstacle for African-Americans because
The Poll Tax: you had to pay to vote. Black people usually didn't have any money at this time. They were recently freed as slaves and were never paid so it was very difficult to get money.
The grandfather clause is what made it impossible. This stated that in order for you to vote, your grandfather must have participated in the election of 1860. Since African Americans were still slaves during this time period, they could not vote. In which those present African Americans could not vote either. Reconstruction was a very important period in the history of blacks in America. It was the period where blacks were first completely freed from slavery and tasted the fruits of citizenship for a while. During Reconstruction, blacks were granted civil rights, the right to sue and sit on juries, the right to vote and hold office, the right to own property, and all of the other benefits that all other citizens in America had. By the 1870s, Reconstruction had made some progress in providing Freedmen with equal rights under the law, and they were voting and taking political office. Republican legislatures, coalitions of whites and blacks, established the first public school systems in the South. The Republicans sought to prevent Southern politicians from "restoring the historic subordination of Negroes".
Important: ONLY 2% of SOUTHERN Blacks could read and write. This improved greatly during the period to about 42% by 1891 This illustration was part of an article about education in Mississippi in "Harper's Weekly" from June 23, 1866. The Harper's caption read, "Primary School for Freedmen, in charge of Mrs. Green, at Vicksburg, Mississippi." Mrs. Green was one of the few whites in Mississippi who believed that it was okay to educate blacks. Before the Civil war, the public education of slaves or black people was strictly prohibited. Anyone who was caught doing it was given a large fine.