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Europe to the Late Middle Ages: Overview

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Dawson McCall

on 2 January 2015

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Transcript of Europe to the Late Middle Ages: Overview

One of the events signaling the beginning of the period known as the Middle Ages (a.k.a. - Medieval Period).
476 C.E.
1 C.E.
Europe to the Late Middle Ages: An Overview
Beginning of the Common Era (C.E.)
Measured from the birth of Christ.
Founding of Islam (Beginning of 7th Century C.E.)
622 C.E. (1 A.H.)
Fall of the Western Roman Empire (End of 5th Century C.E.)
476 C.E.
- Based on the year-numbering system introduced by 6th Century Christian monk, measured from the birth of Christ.
- A.D. (Anno Domini - "In the year of the lord").
Anything before this is commonly referred to as Ancient History or Antiquity.
- Official date of the fall of the final Roman Emperor in Rome.
- Middle Ages are generally split into two periods:
1) Early Middle Ages (5th Century C.E. - 10th Century C.E.)
- Sometimes referred to as the "Dark Ages" in Europe.
2) High Middle Ages (11th Century C.E. - 15th Century C.E.)
- Founding of the 1st Islamic state in Medina (in modern Saudi Arabia).
- Commonly known in Islamic society as the
hijra
.
- Beginning of the Islamic calendar.
One of the events signaling the beginning of the Middle Ages (medieval Islamic period).
622 C.E. (1 A.H.)
Pre-5th Century C.E. - Generally Referred to as Antiquity (Ancient History)
End of 5th Century C.E. to End of 15th Century C.E. - Generally referred to as the Middle Ages (Medieval Period)
- Before this events are noted by B.C.E. or B.C.
Europe to the Late Middle Ages: An Overview
Height of Charlemagne's Rule
814 C.E.
- In the late 8th Century C.E. Charlemagne (aka Charles the Great) united the Franks into one kingdom, and was crowned Emperor of the Romans in 800 C.E. by Pope Leo III
800 C.E.
1053 C.E.
Al-Andalus
711 - 1492 C.E.
711 C.E.
962 C.E.
The Holy Roman Empire
Historians debate the exact founding of the Holy Roman Empire.
- 800 C.E. (Charlemagne's Coronation)
- 962 C.E. (Coronation of Otto the Great as "King or Romans")
Holy Roman Empire would last, in various forms, until 1806.
East-West Schism (aka Great Schism) (1053 C.E. til)
1066 C.E.
Norman Conquests (1066 - 1100)
Crusades (1095 - 1291)
1095 C.E.
1291 C.E.
"...Wonderful sights were to be seen. Some of our men (and this was more merciful) cut off the heads of their enemies; others shot them with arrows, so that they fell from the towers; others tortured them longer by casting them into the flames. Piles of heads, hands and feet were to be seen in the streets of the city. It was necessary to pick one's way over the bodies of men and horses. But these were small matters compared to what happened at the Temple of Solomon, a place where religious services are normally chanted ... in the temple and the porch of Solomon, men rode in blood up to their knees and bridle reins. Indeed it was a just and splendid judgement of God that this place should be filled with the blood of unbelievers since it had suffered so long from their blasphemies."

Raymond D'Aguilers in Historia Francorum qui ceperunt Iherusalem (Cited in Sinclair, Andrew (1995).
Jerusalem: The Endless Crusade
. New York: Crown Publishers, pp 55 - 56)
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