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Transcript of PRONOMINALIZATION
b. Pronouns can have so many meanings; it generally cannot be used until the specific thing it refers to (its referent) is made clear.
c. Pronouns in ASL are made by pointing (with one of several handshapes or with non-manual behaviors) to a person, place, or thing that is present in the area around the Signer. Singular Pronouns in ASL Informal Plural Pronouns in ASL Plural pronouns in ASL are made in many
ways in order to emphasize each individual in a
a. Pointing to several people or things after the other can mean ‘you, you, you, and you’ or ‘this one, this one, this one, and this one’.
b. This would be used in selecting volunteers or teams for a game.
c. The Signer can also refer to all the people they want to talk about by pointing to them in an arc which has the meaning of ‘they/them’ or ‘you-plural’.
d. If the Signer includes him/herself in the arc, the
meaning is ‘we/us’ (only when the other people
e.The other way of expressing the meaning
‘we/us’ is used when the other people are
a. Pronouns that mean ‘myself, ‘yourself’, etc., are called reflexive or emphatic pronouns.
b. The pronoun meaning ‘myself’ had two forms illustrated below.
c. Singular reflexive/emphatic pronouns (such as ‘yourself’, ‘himself’, or ‘itself’) are expressed by moving the handshape toward the person or thing with a repeated shaking movement.
d. The Signer ‘points’ with this handshape (specifically with
the area between the knuckles and first finger joint) to the
person or thing.
e. In the case of plurals (‘yourselves’ or
‘themselves’), the pronoun also uses an arc. Annie Del Carpio & Brooke Nicholas
ASL 2 – Bucci Unit 3: Pronominalization What is Pronominalization? a. NTD Started in 1966 at the O'Neill Memorial Theater in Waterford, Connecticut
b. Not soley Deaf
c. Preform for all audiences
d. Won a Tony Award!
e. 1967: School program
f. 1968: The Little Theatre for the Deaf (LTD) for kids. Cultural Information:
The National Theatre of the Deaf
i. Pointing with the index finger is the most common ‘pronoun’ used in ASL.
ii. When a signer points to the him/herself, the meaning is ‘I/me’.
iii. When a signer points to the person he/she is talking with, the meaning is ‘you’.
iv. Pointing to a third person mean ‘he/him’ or ‘she/her’.
v. Pointing to a thing means ‘it’.
vi. Pointing to a place (i.e. a building) means
‘there’, and pointing down to the ground
means ‘here’. i. Another, more formal, way of referring
to a person is to use honorific referencing.
ii. This is used in formal contexts such as
speeches, introductions, poetry, and drama. Examples: Examples: Myself or Yourself Example: Formal Example Reflexive or Emphatic Ourselves i. If the Signer wishes to include him/herself in
the group being referenced, s/he may use the
sign OURSELVES. If the other members of the group are present.
ii. The Signer may use the sign YOURSELVES
-AND- MYSELF to convey the meaning ‘ourselves’ When Someone is Not Present a. When the people or things are not present in the immediate environment, then the Signer must ‘set up’ or ‘establish’ these non-present people or things in specific locations in the signing space.
b. The Signer can then point to these locations, which ‘stand for’ certain people or things. These points serve as pronouns – just as if the people or things were really there.
a. If the signer is talking about an event in the past in which people
or things were arranged in specific places (or in a specific order), then
the Signer will set them up in places that reflect where they really were.
c. “Reality principle” is similar to the principle of pointing to people or things that are actually present.
d. The following principles are also helpful in learning how to use spatial locations to represent people or things that are not present:
i. Once a Signer had established a person, place, or thing (referent) in space, all other references to that person/place/thing should be to that same location unless the referent has clearly been moved to another location.
ii. Once, a Signer has established a person, place, or thing in space, other Signers in the conversation will also make consistent use of that location when referring to the same person/place/thing.
iii. In narratives, it is helpful to think ahead and have a ‘mental overview’ of the various locations that will be used – much like an aerial photograph, or a map. This helps you ‘see’ the spatial relationships between different persons, places, or things. Spatial Locations There are several strategies that Signers use to set up or
assign specific spatial locations. Thank you! ANY QUESTIONS? Example Example