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Crime and Punishment
Transcript of Crime and Punishment
Spree Murderers Vs. Serial Killers
Psychology and Sociology of Murder
Labeling Effects (Before and After)
Dostoevsky Parallel to Crime and Punishment
Dostoevsky loses his parents -> parallels Sonia (loses both parents) and Raskolnikov (no father)
Dostoevsky is a gambler --> parallels Svidrigailov (card sharper/cheating gambler)
Dostoevsky and Raskolnikov get in trouble with the law.
Dostoevsky and Raskolnikov get sentenced to Siberia.
Doestoevsky marries a widow, as does Marmeladov.
Doestoevsky and Raskolnikov both live in St. Petersburg.
Doestoevsky's wife died from tuberculosis --> Parallels Marmeladov's wife dying from similar tuberculosis symptoms.
Doestoevsky was rejected when he proposed to his mistress --> Parallels Dounia rejecting Svidrigailov
Doestoevsky was in deep debt --> Raskolnikov in debt too
What if Raskolnikov was tried today vs. tried in the past, would he be classified as sane or insane?
Victoria Depa, Janet Villegas, Pamela Giselle Martinez
Setting (Economy and Society)
Time period: 1860's (written in St. Petersburg, Russia, 1865-1866)
Smaller living quarters
-Higher crime/deviance rates
Cooling off period: the time between the events of murder that happened. Serial killers have more time in between the murders. Spree murders can occur between minutes to hours in one single day.
Spree murderer: The killer who kills to eliminate witnesses or anyone else who gets in the killers way. Can be motivated by revenged against for actual or perceived wrongs that they have perpetrated against the killer
Certain traits common to some serial killers, including sensation seeking, a lack of remorse or guilt, impulsiveness, the need for control, and predatory behavior. Psychopaths who commit serial murder do not value human life and are extremely callous in their interactions with their victims. (Psychopathy and anti-social)
•Deviance: against societal/cultural norms which describes a given type of behavior or forbids the behavior . It looks at what norms are being broken.
•Norms: Rules of conduct that specify appropriate behavior in a given range of social situations.
He went against social norms
He did not have appropriate societal behavior
•The labeling theory : suggests that people become deviant because certain labels are attached to their behavior by others.
•Labeling theorists interpret deviance as a process of interaction between deviants and non deviants.
•If given a label, an individual can accept the label of deviance and acts accordingly. When an individual accepts the label, said person sees himself as deviant.
•Before Raskolnikov murdered, he was labeled as socially awkward, strange, a loner, didn’t talk much, and thought himself highly. Did these labels affect his state of mind and him committing the murder? And then, after the murder he was labeled mad, sick, frantic, angry, and random. How is that affecting him? Does that affect him actually starting to believe that he really is mad, or sick and then actually become what he is labeled and accept it?
•After the murder, people were calling Raskolnikov mad and insane, then he said “maybe I am insane” - is he actually starting to become insane? is he insane? Does the label of being mad make him become mad? Do labels put on a person actually make that person become that label because of the label given to them, even if they could be absolutely “normal." Is there actually such thing as insanity?
Along with labeling, diagnosing can also cause negative effects to ones perception and self-concept.
•Does labeling actually have an effect of increasing deviant behavior?
The characters in Crime and Punishment can be explained by psychoanalysis . As a psychoanalyst Freud attempted to unearth and identify the myriad submerged voices and desires in the unconscious of his patients. Crime and Punishment mirrors this process by probing the multiple and often contradictory motivations in the mind of Raskolnikov.
Crime and punishment asks a more complex question” why did Raskolnikov commit murder, motivation, psychology? Raskolnikov's reasons” he needed money, he wanted to rid the world of a louse, he wanted to prove he was above society's definitions of duty and conscience, his act was promoted by rage, response to his feelings of powerlessness, and his alienation from the community
Raskolnikov's lack of a father figure caused him to be protective and responsible for his families well being, which was some reasoning behind a lot of his actions. Does not having a father affect Raskolnikov's state of mind, and/or anything else?
The topic of mental illness has been highly debatable in classifying mental illness. This classification tends to be geared more toward the symptoms rather then the causes, as well as what should be classified as a mental illness or simply normal conditions. This causes a lot of controversy when a defendant pleas for criminal insanity.
00.3, 00.9, 0.12, 0.16, 0.29, 0.38, 0.42, 1.08
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What if Raskolnikov was labeled as hero rather then a deviant?
Dostoevsky, Fyodor. Crime and Punishment. New York. 1917.
Levinson, David. Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment. New York. Sage Publications Inc. March 18, 2002.
Lllamas With Hats.Youtube. Feb 19, 2009. Video File.
Conolly, Julian. Mapping St. Petersburg. ASCIT Web Development. Virginia. 2007
"Serial Murder".The Federal Bureau of Investigation.July 2008.Web.10/6/2013.<.http://www.fbi.gov/stats-services/publications/serial-murder>
Christian Perring."Mental Illness".Stanford, 2010.Web.10/6/2013.<http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/mental-illness/>