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Is Humanitarian Intervention a Threat to Order in the International System of States: From the Standpoint of a Construct
Transcript of Is Humanitarian Intervention a Threat to Order in the International System of States: From the Standpoint of a Construct
From the Standpoint of a Constructivist-Individual Level of Analysis Humanitarian interventions also known as peacekeeping operations and yet to be legally defined.
It has been a long controversial action primarily because it meddles with the affairs of other states, their sovereignty. Sovereignty is what reinforces the autonomy and ability of states to depend and rely on their selves. is what is at stake when discussing humanitarian intervention is highlighted within the United Nations Charter China opposes any outside
assistance, they claim it to be
"neocolonial". "Third World" countries
breaking away from colonial
ties. Sovereignty is still weak
and need to gain sturdy economicand political foundations. at what costs does the maintenance of state sovereignty come at? Crimes against humanity
Upsetting the peace Although humanitarian intervention is a threat to the order of the international system of states, the greater good of humanity outweighs the possible threat to the order of the international system. Humanitarian Interventions
Labeled as Peacekeeping inexpensive and less of a violation of state sovereignty mission to solely “keep the peace” and not impose or enforce it through the constructivist-individual lens key points:
what key organizations to consider,
the morality level of the actors,
the reality of the outcome, etc. beliefs of prominent leaders’ are on the issue Constructivism views states actions not coming from one entity but by groups and individuals within the state states gains its power from the beliefs of the individuals within the state or the groups formed by these citizens constructivists see the international system as unnatural but rather created by people and is in constant flux. humanitarian intervention it is just another change in the constantly changing international system The threat is central but not inevitable due to the change in beliefs of individuals. The threat is central but not inevitable due to the change in beliefs of individuals. Humanitarian intervention
Can throw the international system off
Does infringe on sovereignty International system deems is necessary
- displaced refugees
-unsettling international peace
-crimes against huimanity Violating sovereignty cease to
Absent to Begin With
-morale Darfur, Sudan: in retrospective Sudan Conflicts: “three interlocking crises:” northern, Arab-dominated gov vs Christian animist black southerners
Split of two main groups: claim black ‘African’ descent practicing primarily “sedentary agriculture” vs claim ‘Arab’ descent and mostly “semi-nomadic livestock herders”
Darfur crisis; 2003 – “Darfurian rebels openly opposed Sudanese gov” splinter of two groups: Sudanese Liberation Army/Movement (SLA/M) and Justice and Equality Movement (JEM); gov sends militia to supress opposition “janjaweed” quickly succeeded through atrocious acts on villages and its people – internal displacement of roughly two mil residents, flight of another 200,000 into Chad Genocide? – labeled by the U.S.
International Response to the Crisis – not successful UNAMID – “authorized augmenting the existing 6,000 hybrid force of 26,000 soldiers plus 6,000 civilians and other support forces”
President Omar Hassan al-Bashir – indicted by the ICC on charges of genocide and other crimes against humanity; believes that international efforts to intervene within Sudan’s internal affairs are, “part of a comprehensive conspiracy for confiscating the country’s sovereignty.”
Current Situation – not improved, efforts by NGOs “hampered by thefts of their supplies, attacks against humanitarian aid givers, and the murder of international aid workers by various factions”
HRW – “As of April 2008, some 2.5 million displaced people live in camps in Darfur and more than 200,000 people have fled to neighboring Chad, where they live in refugee camps. In addition…at least 2 million additional people are considered ‘conflict-affected’ by the United Nations, and may need some form of food assistance.” Peacekeeping – to uphold current peace (stable or unstable yet agreed on by both sides); less threatening to sovereignty
Peace Enforcement – turn unstable peace into stable peace by making the less cooperative side succumb to peace
Peace Imposition – means of using or credible threat of force to bring about peace
PE and PI require more expenses, labeling operations as PK meaning less expensive, at least does not keep states from contributing to the operation