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Animal Rights

Grade 12 Religion ISU Seminar
by

Adriana Gibowic

on 26 May 2014

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Transcript of Animal Rights

-Th

Animal Rights
By: Adriana Gibowic
& Felix Correa

Types of
Animal Abuse
The failure to provide an animal with the most basic requirements of food, water, shelter and/or veterinary care.

Purposely inflicting physical harm, injuring, torturing and/or killing an animal.
Neglect
Intentional
Cruelty
Factory Farming
Definitions
The crime of inflicting physical pain, suffering, or death to an animal beyond the need of general discipline. Most likely committed for human purposes and human "needs".
The rights of animals to live as living beings free from abuse and especially the right not to be exploited for human purposes.
Animal Abuse
Animal Rights
Table Of Contents
What is: Animal Rights & Animal Abuse
History of Animal Rights
Types of Animal Abuse: Neglect vs. Intentional
General Law
Fish Farming
Factory Farming
Slaughterhouses
Slaughter & Demand Numbers
Experimentation
Abuse in Entertainment
Animals Used For Clothing
Primary Source
Church's Perspective on Animal Rights
Bible Verses Relating to Issue
Our Opinion
Group Activity/Game
Discussion Throughout the Presentation
Discussion Question
History of Animal Rights
-Animals stored in confined spaces to produce eggs, milk or other food

-Commonly farm animals such as cows, calves, pigs, chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese etc. which live in these extremely unhealthy and unpleasant conditions

-Kept in small, jam-packed sheds, cages, crates or feedlots often with little space that the animals can’t even turn around or lie down comfortably

-Living environment is hot, very unsanitary and disease ridden

-Deprived of exercise so their body's energy only goes toward producing flesh, eggs, or milk for human consumption

-Often fed drugs to fatten them faster and keep them alive in the deadly conditions

-Genetically altered to grow faster and to produce more milk or eggs than natural

-Animals raised for food (meat) are crowded onto trucks and transported over many miles through all weather extremes, typically without food or water, to the slaughterhouse
Slaughterhouses
-Humane is expensive so they do things the cheapest, fastest way possible which often means it is a painful and horrible process to go through.

-Federal laws require mammals to be stunned prior to slaughter

-Incapacitated by either a electric shock which is used to induce a heart attack or seizure, or by a rod that is shot at the front of the head through the brain.

-The stunning process commonly fails, often paralyzing the animal but sensibility is not lost or an unconscious animal whose neck was not cut properly may regain their senses.

-The animals are then hung upside down by their hind legs and placed on a processing line.

-Their throat is slit so that the blood can drain from the body.
The head and feet are removed, then the animal is skinned and internal organs are removed.

-Then the body is steamed, or put in boiling water or organic acids to kill bacteria.

-The different parts of the body, skin, bones, meat, lard etc. are sent off to distribution centers depending on what they will be used for.
Experimentation
-Millions of mice, rats, rabbits, primates, cats, dogs, and other animals are used in laboratories across the country

-Locked inside cold, barren cage

-Suffer in pain and loneliness

-Long to roam free

-Sit and wait in fear of the next painful procedure that will be performed on them

Since slaughterhouses are legal for farm animals, it is not abuse in the eyes of the law. What are your thoughts?
-Discussions can be traced back to ancient Greece as well as Hindu and Buddhist scripture

-Hindus and Buddhists abandoned animal sacrifices and embraced vegetarian diets

-Emperor Ashoka outlawed hunting and animal slaughter

-First animal protection act was passed on 1635 in Ireland

-Martin’s act passed during 1822 in England

-Nova Scotia Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals founded in 1824

-Badger and bull baiting as well as cockfighting made illegal in England (Act of 1835)

-People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals founded in March 1980


Types of Intentional Cruelty
Entertainment
Church's Perspective
2416 Animals are God's creatures. He surrounds them with his providential care. By their mere existence they bless him and give him glory.197 Thus men owe them kindness. We should recall the gentleness with which saints like St. Francis of Assisi or St. Philip Neri treated animals.

2417 God entrusted animals to the stewardship of those whom he created in his own image.198 Hence it is legitimate to use animals for food and clothing. They may be domesticated to help man in his work and leisure. Medical and scientific experimentation on animals is a morally acceptable practice if it remains within reasonable limits and contributes to caring for or saving human lives.

Bible Verses
“The godly care for their animals, but the wicked are always cruel” Proverbs 12:10

“Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain” Deuteronomy 25:4

And God said, “Let the waters swarm with swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the expanse of the heavens.” Genesis 1:20

Our Opinion
We agree with the Catholic Church that animals should be respected and be free from abuse. It is understandable that animals are needed to produce food, however, we believe it sound me attained in a humane way. When it comes to testing on animals we do not think it is fair for animals to suffer especially when there are alternatives at times. If an animal is going to be going through these situation we believe it must be done reasonably, with the animal’s well-being in mind. We completely disagree with animal clothing products especially due to the extreme inhumane methods used to skin animals. Animals in entertainment, we believe is unfair and not necessary. Overall we think animals deserve the right to live free and be respected as God's creation.

Animal abuse is immoral because:
-Animals are severely exploited
-Harm to the animal is done out of lack of care
-The conditions they endure are horrible
In order to prevent animal abuse:
-Animals should have more space and freedom
-More laws in place to have more humane techniques and methods
-Have these laws be enforced greatly
-Animals should have more space and freedom



Primary Source
Do you think it is fair that humans are destroying the environment and animal habitats, as well as harming and killing many animals for different resources and needs?
-Animals may be removed from the neglectful owner by law enforcement authorities

-Individuals can be arrested for intentional cruelty however people who commit even the cruelest crimes are often not prosecuted to the full extent of the law

General Law
Discussion Question
Do you think the dog was abused in a neglectful way or intentionally abused? Explain.
Experimentation on Rats and Mice
Experimentation on Bunnies
Experimentation on Cats
Experimentation on Dogs
Experimentation on Primates
-Over 100 million mice and rats are abused in U.S labs yearly

-Used for toxicology tests where they are slowly poisoned to death

-Used in burn experiments and psychological experiments

-Often electrocuted in pain tests

-Abused through experimental surgeries

-Used for genetic-manipulation and brain experiments

-Many end up with cancerous tumors and painful, deadly illnesses


-Over 241,000 rabbits are abused in U.S labs yearly

-Used to test cosmetics, dishwashing liquid, drain cleaner, and other substances by dripped them into the animals’ eyes

-Can cause redness, swelling, discharge, ulceration, bleeding or blindness

-Corrosive chemicals are applied to the raw skin of bunnies and left there for up to two weeks

-Often burning the skin, leading to tissue damage.
-Over 75,000 dogs are abused in U.S labs yearly

-Pharmaceuticals, chemicals, pesticides or household products are force-fed or injected into dogs slowly poisoning them

-Dogs endure bloody feces, worm infestations, oozing sores on body and in mouth, and pus and blood filled infections

-They do not receive veterinary examinations and treatment

-At Ohio State University surgically manipulated dogs were forced to run on a treadmill until they died of a heart attack so heart tissue could be studied

-Dogs are kept in cages to be used repeatedly in tests

-Some are kept infested with worms for future study




-Over 22,000 cats are abused in U.S labs yearly

-Used for intubation training exercises, where hard plastic tubes are forced down their small, sensitive windpipes

-Can cause bleeding, swelling, scarring, collapsed lungs, or death

-Continues even though more effective, humane methods exist

-Used for sound localization tests where they drill holes into cat skulls, implant electrodes in the brain and steel coils in their eyes

- In auditory studies cats ears are cut off, are locked in restraint chairs so brain activity can be measured of different sounds

-In vision experiments cats are raised in darkness, have their eyes sewn shut, or have them removed




-Over 125,000 primates are abused in U.S labs yearly

-Research shows that 90% of them exhibit abnormal behaviors caused by physical abuse, stress, isolation, and confinement

-Used in pharmaceutical tests, pumping drugs into their stomach

-Monkeys are given infectious diseases so vaccines can be tested

-Used for military experiments and training being exposed to chemicals causing them to shake uncontrollably

-They are also used for invasive brain experiments where holes are drilled into their skulls, metal restraint devices are screwed into their heads, and electrodes inserted into their brains


TRESemmé
St.Ives
Aussie
Arm & Hammer
Nair
Oxy Clean
Trojan Condoms
Clorox
Burt’s Bees
Brita
Colgate
Irish Spring
Lady Speed Stick
Auqafresh
Dial
Aveeno
Band-Aid
Benadryl
Clean & Clear
Johnson’s
Listerine

Neutrogena
Purell
Tylenol
Huggies
The Body Shop
Lancome
L’Oreal
Maybelline
Urban Decay
Swiffer
Old Spice
Veet
Pledge
Green Works
Febreze
Covergirl
Mr. Clean
Off!
Raid
Axe
Dove


Test on Animals
Do Not Test on Animals
Swipes
Allens Naturally
Bonicca
Ecoglo
Freeman
Anise
Lobob
Arbonne
Magick
Booda Organics
Sombra
Emerita
Biogime
Lush


Which brands test on animals and which don't?
What is the OSPCA?

- The OSPCA (Ontario Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals) is a registered charity relying primarily on donations to fund animal protection, care and rehabilitation, advocacy and humane education. The Ontario SPCA Act mandates the Society to enforce animal cruelty laws and provides Society investigators with police powers to do so.
What Services does the OSPCA provide?
-We provide services such as shelter for the animals, adoption services, advocacy for animal rights, emergency rescue and treatment, spade and neutering programs and humane education.
What is the main focus of the OSPCA?
-We at the OSPCA aim to help every animal that is brought to our facility, as soon as an animal arrives they are given an animal care plan with the animal's best interest always kept in mind. Our principles lead us to optimal solutions such as meet your match programs, humane education ,and rescue services.
Fish Farming
-Over 40% of the fish we eat each year are raised in fish farms

-In the United States, there are no regulations to ensure the humane treatment of fish

-Food, light (in indoor farms), and growth stimulation is controlled

-Live in cramped, filthy enclosures

-To increase profits, fish farmers cram as many fish as possible into the smallest spaces

-Salmon farms are so crowded with as many as 50,000 fish in each enclosure (giving each 2.5 foot fish the space of a bathtub)

-Many suffer from parasitic infections, diseases, deformities and injuries

-Small areas prevent the fish to swim freely causing them to knock against each other and the sides of the enclosures which may lead to sores and damage to their fins

-Drugs and genetic engineering are used to increase growth and alter reproductive behaviors

-40% of the fish die on their own, fish that don't are bashed on the head or starved to death



Do You Accept Owner Surendered animals?
- Of course we accept owner-surrendered animals, though we charge a small surrender fee that covers a small portion of the animal's care while at the shelter. If you're considering surrendering your pet because you feel unable to deal with their behaviour, we encourage you to seek advice and training to work with behaviour problems before making a final decision. We encourage people to choose positive trainers who use methods that do not cause pain or suffering to dogs, but help foster a trusting relationship. Veterinarians may also provide helpful advice or refer you to someone specializing in animal behavior in your area.
Contant Info
Carol Link
Branch Manager, SD & G
550 Boundary Road, PO Box 52
F: 613-936-0137
clink@ospca.on.ca
Circuses
-Thousands of animals including bears, tigers, elephants, monkeys and other are forced to perform silly, confusing tricks under the threat of physical punishment

-Trainers force them to perform tricks often with the use of whips, tight collars, muzzles, electric prods, bullhooks, and other painful tools

-Circus elephants are beaten, hit, poked and jabbed with sharp hooks, sometimes causing them to bleed

-Constant travel means that animals are confined to boxcars, trailers, or trucks for long periods of time in hot or cold weather

-Confined to cramped and filthy cages in which they eat, drink, sleep, defecate, and urinate all in the same place

Zoos, Aquariums and Seaworld
-Marine mammal parks confine animals who were meant to swim up to 100 miles a day to small, concrete, chemically treated tanks

-These whales are trained to perform tricks

-Can involve cruel training methods such as withholding their food

-Similarly animals at the zoo and at aquariums are forced to live in constructed environments that do not match up to their natural habitats

-Lack space, diversity and freedom

-These animals tend to be bored and lonely since often separated from their family and may even lose their minds

What are some types of animal abuse you know of?
Discussion
Discussion
Discussion Question
Do you think it is still considered animal abuse if the animal is born and raised at these marine parks and zoos?
Sports
-Bulls in bullfighting are drugged to weaken them, have their horns shaved in order to disorient them, have sandbags put on their backs, and have vaseline rubbed in their eyes to blur vision

-Animals in dogfighting, hog-dog rodeos, and cockfighting are typically kept chained outdoors in horrific conditions with little or no shelter

-They are starved, drugged, and beaten to make them aggressive

-Losers that don't die in fight are often electrocuted, drowned, hanged, burned, shot or abandoned

-Race horses and greyhounds, and dog-sled dogs are also drugged to mask sickness and injury

-Confined to cramped stalls or crates or chained up with barely enough room to move

- When they stop winning races, most of themare shot, sold to labs, or sent to slaughterhouses
Animal Actors
-Torn away from their mothers as infants, these animals are subjected to abusive training methods and forced to spend most of their lives in small, filthy cages

-Animals often show signs of stress and anxiety

-Chimpanzees and orangutans used in entertainment are typically torn away from their mothers shortly after birth to begin training

-Animals tend to live lonely lives

-In order to force young apes to perform on cue, trainers often beat the animals with fists, clubs, or even broom handles

-Many animals who act in the media are then put into circuses
Animals Used
For Clothing
-leather
-fur
-exotic skin
-wool
Fur
-Fur farmers use the cheapest and cruelest killing methods available, including suffocation, electrocution, gas, and poison

-More than half the fur in the U.S. comes from China, where millions of dogs and cats are hanged, bled to death, and often skinned alive for their fur

-Chinese fur is often mislabeled so you often don't know what you are wearing

-During the annual Canadian seal slaughter, tens of thousands of baby seals are shot or repeatedly bashed with clubs with metal hooks
Exotic Skin
-There are few laws to protect reptiles from abuse and are often not enforced

-Snakes, alligators, crocodiles, and other reptiles who are killed for their skins suffer greatly

-Snakes are commonly nailed to trees and are skinned alive

-Lizards are often decapitated and have their skin ripped from their bodies

-Most alligators are shot or crudely beat with hammers

-Workers sometimes use a chisel to detach crocodiles’ spinal cords which paralyzes, but does not kill, the animals

Wool
-Within weeks of birth, lambs’ ears are hole-punched, their tails are chopped off, and the males are castrated without painkillers

-Every year, hundreds of lambs die before the age of 8 weeks from exposure or starvation

-Mature sheep die every year from disease, lack of shelter, and neglect

-Live sheep are forced onto their backs, restraining their legs between metal bars, and often without any painkillers, carve huge chunks of skin away from the animals’ backsides
Companies That Do Not Agree With Animal Cruelty
Who Wants To Be A Millionaire?
http://www.superteachertools.com/millionaire/online/game1400826529.php

https://www.superteachertools.net/millionaire/online/game1400826906.php
Discussion
What animal materials are used for clothing?
Discussion

What are some forms of entertainment animals are harmed in?
Full transcript