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American Popular Music Timeline

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Amy MacDonald

on 24 June 2010

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Transcript of American Popular Music Timeline

Pre 1900s 1878 - The New York Symphony Orchestra was founded by Leopold Damrosch 1881 - Boston Symphony Orchestra was established 1883 - Metropolitan Opera House opened in New York 1890 - Blues originated (simple form, direct expression, 3-line stanza) in the deep southern states 1891 - Carnegie Hall opens in New York with a 5 day music festival 1897 - "Stars and Stripes Forever" was composed by John Philip Sousa 1897- Ragtime is established. Composers Scott Joplin, James Scot and Joseph Lamb produce ragtime. The peak of its popularity was between 1899 and 1918 1900's 1906 - American musicals debut. 1900s : country and western and jazz music spread. Country music of southeastern U.S spreads. This music uses instruments such as steel guitars and large bands ('singing cowboys'). Jazz develops in New Orleans. George M. Cohans musical play, Little Johnny Jones and Forty-five Minutes From Broadway 1900 - Boston Symphony Hall built 1910's 1911 - "Alexander's Ragtime Band" written by Irving Berlin 1912 - Blues music becomes mainstream. Father of the blues, William Christopher Handy publishes Memphis Blues. 1885 - Tin Pan Alley was created in New York City. A number of music publishers set up shop on the same district of Manhattan creating sheet music. 1916 - Charles Albert Tindley releases a gospel collection containing 37 gospel works. 1920's 1920 - Tin Pan Alley becomes the musical centre. 1920 - Record companies travel to rural areas 1920 - rock and roll appears on the first record in Trixie Smiths "My Baby Rocks Me With One Steady Roll" 1923 - Gertrude Rainey "Mother of the Blues" signs with Paramount 1924 - Gershwin performed Rhapsody in Blue 1925 - Country and Western genera created. 1925 - The Grand Ole Opry in Nashville Tennessee begins Saturday night radio broadcasts featuring regional music 1925 - "Mourning Dove Blues" 1927 - Show Boat opens. Jerome Kern and Oscar Hammerstein II revived musical theatre with a musical that delt with issues such as unhappy marriages and racial prejudice. Charley Patton (1887-1934) "Father of the Delta Blues"
-1929 "Pony Blues" Robert Johnson (1911-1938)
- 1936 "Sweet Home Chicago"
- 1936 "Cross Road Blues"
- 1937 "Love in Vain"
- 1937 "Hellhound on my trail" Blind Lemon Jefferson (1839-1929)
1927- "Black snake moan" - Prohibition begins in the United States with the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution coming into effect.
- The World War I Allies demand that the Netherlands extradite the German Kaiser Wilhelm II, who has fled there. November 7 1910– The first air flight for the purpose of delivering commercial freight takes place in the United States of America. The flight, made by Wright Brothers pilot Philip Parmalee between Dayton, Ohio and Columbus, Ohio. 1930's - the depression hurt the record industry.
- race records suffered.
- radio prospered during the depression. 1931 - Adolph Rickenbacker invents the electric guitar Jelly Roll Morton
- Creole
- Played in clubs and blended ragtime, blues, and minstrel music. 1830 - Minstrel Shows appear. This was a form of entertainment consisting of comic skits, variety acts, dancing, and music, performed by white people in blackface. 1880 - Vaudeville appears. This was a form of entertainment provided by several different types of acts. 1940's 1950's 1960's 1970 1980 1990 2000s Howlin' Wolf (1910-1976)
- Chicago (Urban Blues) Artist
-1959: Moanin' in the Moonlight
-1962: Howlin' Wolf Sings the Blues; Howlin' Wolf
-1964: 'Rockin' The Blues - Live In Germany
-1965: The Real Folk Blues
-1966: Live In Cambridge
-1966: The Super Super Blues Band
-1967: More Real Folk Blues
-1969: The Howlin' Wolf Album
-1971: Message to the Young
-1971: The London Howlin' Wolf Sessions
-1972: Live and Cookin' (At Alice's Revisited)
-1973: Evil - Live at Joe's Place
-1973: The Back Door Wolf
- 1974: London Revisited
Big Bill Broonzy (1898-1958)
- Urban blues singer, guitarist, and songwriter.
- 1927 "Big Bill's Blues"
- 1928 "Down in the Basement Blues"
- 1930 "Station Blues"
- 1931 "Big Bill Blues"
- 1935 "Take Your Hands Off Her"
- 1957 "His Story" Elmore James (1918-1963)
- Urban blues guitarist, singer, song writer, and band leader.
- Known as the "King of the slide guitar"

-1951 "Dust My Broom"
-1952 "I Believe"
-1953 "Baby, What's Wrong"
-1953 "Early In The Morning"
-1953 "Country Boogie"
-1953 "Please Find My Baby"
-1954 "Hand In Hand"
-1954 "Sho Nuff I Do"
-1954 "Dark And Dreary"
-1954 "Sunny Land"
-1955 "Dust My Blues"
-1955 "Happy Home"
-1955 "I Believe My Time Ain't Long"
-1955 "Blues Before Sunrise"
-1956 "Wild About You"
-1957 "The 12 Year Old Boy"-1953 "Can't Stop Lovin"
-1957 "Elmore's Contribution To Jazz"
-1957 "Cry For Me Baby"
-1957 "It Hurts Me Too"
-1960 "Rollin' And Tumblin'"
-1960 "I Can't Hold Out"-1955 "Late Hours At Midnight"
-1960 "The Sky is Crying"
-1960 "Knocking At Your Door"
-1960 "Done Somebody Wrong"
-1961 "Look On Yonder Wall"
-1962 "Stranger Blues"










Junior Wells (1934-1998)
- Urban blues vocalist and harmonica player
-1960 he released his first album "Hoodoo Man Blues" and released many more albums until his death Muddy Waters (1915-1983)
- urban blues musician
- known as "The Father of Chicago Blues"
- 1941 "Country Blues"
- 1941 "I Be's Troubled"
- 1948 "(I feel like) Going Home"
- 1948 " I Cant Be Satisfied"
- 1950 "Rollin' and Tumblin'"
- 1950 "Rollin' Stone"
- 1950 "Walkin' Blues"
- 1954 "I'm Your Hoochie Coochie Man"
- 1954 "I'm Ready"
- 1955 "Mannish Boy"
- 1956 "Trouble No More"
- 1956 "Rock Me"
- 1956 "Got My Mojo Working"
- 1958 "She's Nineteen Years Old"
- 1962 "You Shock Me 1940- Rythm and blues (R&B) category was introduced to the Billboard Magazine as its own category. -Late 1950s, early 1960s there was a British Revival (Rolling Stones, Cream, The Beatles, and Led Zepplen.
-The Blues demographic shifted to white scholars and musicians.
- Vietnam
- Martin Luther King was killed
- Kennedy was killed
- Civil Rights Alan Lomax (1915-2002)
- Folklorist and musicologist
- He helped rediscover some of the lost blues artists Dan Aykroyd (1952)
- Comedin, actor, screenwriter, musician, and ufologist.
- Original cast member of Saturday Night Live where he played one of the Blues Brothers.
- This had an influence on the Southern Soul Style and other R&B material. John Belushi (1949-1982)
- Comedian, actor and musician.
- Cast alongside Dan in The Blues Brothers. Stevie Ray Vaughan (1954-1990)
- Guitarist, singer and songwritter.
- Influenced by the work of Jimi Hendrx and Buddy Guy
B.B King: (1925-)
- Blues guitarist and singer-songwriter
- He was ranked #3 on a list of 100 greatest guitarists of all time according to Rolling Stone magazine.
Some of B.B Kings Albums:
- 1956 Singin' the Blues
- 1958 The Blues
- 1961 My Kind of Blues
- 1968 Lucille
- 1968 The Kings Jam
- 1969 Live & Well
- 1971 Live in Cook County Jail
- 1972 Guess Who
- 1974 Together for the First Time...Live
-1975 Lucille Talks Back
- 1979 Take it Home
- 1992 King of Blues 1718- New Orleans was founded 1910- Dixieland music was created. This was a style of jzz that combined brass band marches, french quadrilles, ragtime and blues with a collective improvisation over a rhythm section. This developed in New Orleans. 1898-1917 Storyville was part of the red light district in New Orleans. 1917- First jazz recording by the Original Dixieland Band Kid Ory: (1890-1973)
- Jazz trombonist and band leader.
- Was very active in Chicago where he worked with Louis Armstrong, Jell Rolll Morton, Joe "King" Oliver, Johnny Dodds and many others. Joe "King" Oliver: (1885-1938)
- Jazz cornet player and band leader.
- Pioneered the use of mutes.
Wrote the following songs
- "Dippermouth Blues"
- "Sweet Like This"
- "Canal Street Blues"
- "Doctor Jazz"
- Created King Olivers Creole Jazz band
- The first black band to record jazz Louis Armstrong: (1901-1971)
- Jazz trumpeter and singer from New Orleans
- Influenced solo performers
- Was skilled at scat singing
- He played and sand with Jimmie Rodgers, Bing Crosby, Duke Ellington, Fletcher Henderson, Bessie Smith, and Ella Fitzgerald.
Sidney Bechet: (1897-1959)
- Jazz saxophonist, clarinetist, and composer.
-1939 co-led a group with Willie "The Lion" Smith
-1924 "Texas Moaner Blues"
-1925 "Cake Walkin' Babies from Home" Bix Beiderbecke: (1903-1931)
- Jazz cornetist, jazz pianist, and composer.
- Pioneered a ballad style of jazz.
- 1927 "Singin' the Blues"
- 1927 "I'm Coming, Virginia 1935-1945- The Swing Era
- This was the most popular era in jazz history. Coleman Hawkins: (1904-1969)
- Jazz tenor saxophonist
- 1939 "Body and Soul" Lester Young: (1909-1959)
- Jazz tenor saxophonist and clarinetist
- Member of Count Basie's orchestra
- 1940 "Lester Leaps in"
- "Jeeper's Creepers"
Fletcher Henderson: (1897-1952)
- Pianist, bandleader, arranger, and composer.
- 1925 He wrote "Gin House Blues" and "Soft Winds"
- 1934 "Wrapping it up" Count Bassie: (1904-1984)
- Jazz pianist, organist, bandleader, and composer.
- Led a jazz orchestra for almost 50 years.
- Theme songs were: "One O'Clock Jump" and "April in Paris" Duke Ellington: (1899-1974)
- Composer, pianist, and big band leader.
Some of his top hits:
- 1930 "Three Little Words"
- 1931 "Mood Indigo"
- 1933 "Sophisticated Lady"
- 1934 "Cocktails For Two"
- 1934 "Moon Glow"
- 1937 "Caravan"
- 1938 "I Let a Song Go Out of My Heart"
- 1940 "Ko-Ko"
- 1941 "Take the A Train" Benny Goodman: (1909-1986)
- aka "The King of Swing"
- Clarinist and Bandleader
- Theme song was "Sing, Sing, Sing" 1935
Glenn Miller: (1904-1944)
- Trombonist and Bandleader
- 1940 "In The Mood" Ella Fitzgerald: 1917-1996
- aka "The First Lady of Song"
- Jazz singer
Some of her hit songs:
- 1937 "Goodnight My Love" with Benny Goodman
- 1938 "A-Tisket, A-Tasket" with Chick Webb
- 1938 "I Found My Yellow Basket" with Chick Webb
- 1946 "The Frim Fram Sauce" with Louis Armstrong
Billie Holiday: 1915-1959
- aka "Lady Day"
- Jazz singer and songwriter
- Sang with Count Basie
Some songs:
- 1939 "Strange Fruit"
- 1941 "God Bless the Child"
- 1944 "Embraceable You"
- 1945 "Lover Man (Oh, Where Can You Be?)"
- 1958 "Lady in Satin" - WWII begins and many musicians were drafted.
- Swing bands to deminish due to the high cost of keeping big bands together.
- Musicians started to emerge with their own style. This music had an increased focus on improvisation and was called Bebop. This style was popular for the first few years of the 40s. Charlie Parker: (1920-1955)
- Jazz saxophonist and composer.
- Played a major role in the development of bebop. He had innovative approaches to melody, rhythm, and harmony.
1942-1944 : Musicians Union recording ban on all comercial recordings. Dizzy Gillespie: (1917-1993)
- Jazz trumpet player, bandleader, singer, and composer.
- Major role in the development of bebop and modern jazz.
- Taught and influenced many other musicians including:
- Miles Davis
- Fats Navarro
- Clifford Brown Late 40's and 50's: Cool Jazz evolved from beebop and swing. This was centered in Los Angeles.
Cool Jazz Artists:
- Lester Young
- Miles Davis
- Gerry Mulligan
- Stan Getz
- Shorty Rogers
- Howard Rymsey 1958-1963: Bossa Nova
- Contained more complex harmonies
- Brazillian rhythms
Artists:
- Stan Getz
- Antonio Carlos Jobim
- Joao Gilberto -1950s-1960s: Free Jazz develops
- Has no predetermined harmony or melody
Artists:
- Ornette Coleman
- Cecil Taylor
- John Coltrane Late 1960's- 1990s: Fusion Jazz
- focus on improvisation with funk and R&B beats
Artist:
- Miles Davis
1970-2007: Smooth Jazz
- Type of jazz that is influenced by R&B, funk, rock, and pop music styles.
Artists:
- David Sanbom
- Chris Botti
- Kenny G 1940-present: Traditional Jazz
- Jazz music that originated in New Orleans and Chicago
- Contains Ragtime and Dixie Land styles
Examples:
- Lioncon Center Jazz Orchestra
- Count Bassie
1940-present day: Latin Jazz
- Origins in Latin America
- Cuban rhythms
Artists:
- Michel Camilo "Descarga for Tito Puente"
1920- Country Music appears
- Anglo-American Tradition
- Form of story telling Ralph Peer: (1892-1960)
- a producer and talent scout that worked for GPC
- he would travel looking for new country artists to record
Some artists he recorded:
- The Carter Family
- Jimmie Rodgers Gid Tanner: (1885-1960)
- Hillbilly Music
- Band was called The Skillet Lickers
-"Soilders Joy" Vernon Dalhart: (1883-1948)
- Singer and songwriter
- Influenced the types of country songs
- Created event songs and prision songs George D. Hay: (1895-1968)
- Radio personality and founder of the original Grand Ole Opry radio program in Nashville, Tennessee The Carter Family
- recorded music between 1927 and 1956
- Played "conservative" music
- 1935 "Can The Circle Be Unbroken" Jimmie Rodgers: (1897-1933)
- was an active country singer from 1927-1933
- aka "The Father of Country Music"
Songs:
- "Standing on the Corner" with Louis Armstrong
- "Waitin for a Train" Patsy Montana: (1914-1996)
- was an active country singer from 1933-1996)
- 1935 "I Want To Be A Cowboy's Sweetheart" 1929- Decca Records was established by Edward Lewis 1930: Western Swing was created
- originated in Texas
- emphasis on dancing
Examples:
- Bob Willis (1905-1973) "New San Antonio Rose" 1940 Ernest Tubb: (1914-1984)
- Was an active honky tonk singer and songwriter from 1936-1982
- 1940 "Walking the Floor Over You" Bakersfield
- An important country music center from 1950-1970 1960-1970: Outlaw Country
- emerged out of Austin Texas
- ACL (Austin City Limits) was broadcast on PBS and featured a band that could play their tunes.
Examples:
- Willie Nelson (1933-)
- Waylon Jennings (1937-2002)
- Merle Haggard (1937-) 1950: Rock n' Roll is introduced
- influenced by blues music
- the term "Rock n' Roll" was introduced by DJ Allan Freed
5 Styles pf early Rock n' Roll:
1. Northern Band
2. New Orleans Dance Blues
3. Memphis Rockabilly
4. Chicago R&B
5. Vocal Groups - period of stability and prosperity
- increase in money spent on leisure activities
- "Baby Boom" generation Little Richard: (1932)
- Singer and songwriter for R&B and Rock n' Roll
- 1956 "Tutti Frutti"
- 1972 "Lucille"
- 1972 "Good Golly Miss Molly" Elvis Presley: (1945-1977)
- aka "The King of Rock n' Roll"
- 1956 "Heartbreak Hotel"
- 1956 "Don't Be Cruel"
- 1956 "Hound Dog"
- 1957 "Jail House Rock"
- 1960 "Stuck on You" Chuck Berry: (1926-)
- guitarist, singer, and songwriters of rock n' roll
- 1955 "Maybellene"
- 1958 "Johnny B. Goode"
- 1960 "I Got to Find My Baby"
1950- Payola Scandal occurs Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller (both born in 1933)
- songwriters and record producers
- 1952 wrote "Hound Dog" for Big Mama Thorton which later became a hit for Elvis Phill Spector: (1939)
- record producer and songwriter
- created the "Wall of Sound"
- pioneer of the 1960s girl group sound 1960- The Beatles band is formed in Liverpool
LP's:
-1963 Please Please Me
- 1963 With the Beatles
- 1964 A Hard Days Night
- 1964 Beatles for Sale
- 1965 Help!
- 1965 Rubber Soul
- 1966 Revolver
- 1967 Sgt. Pepper5's Lonely Hearts Club Band
- 1969 Yellow Submarine
- 1969 Abbey Road
- 1970 Let It Be 1962 - The Rolling Stones are formed
- english rock band
- 1964 The Rolling Stones
- 1964 England's Newest Hit Makers
- 1964 12 * 5 Late 60s - Psychedelic rock was formed
- Originated in Los Angeles and San Francisco
- Iron Butterfly
- The Doors
- Jerffersons Airplane
- The Grateful Dead
- Janis Joplin
- Jimi Hendrix
- Cream
- Rush 1960s - Folk Rock
- combination of folk and rock music
- Bob Dylan "Mr. Tambourine Man"
Mid 1980s - Grunge emerges
- a subgenre of alternative rock
- originated in Seatle inspired by hardcore punk, heavy metal and indie rock
- characyerized by distorted electric guitars
examples:
- Alice in Chains
- Nirvana
- Pearl Jam
- Soundgarden - Paul McCartney announces that the Beatles have disbanded.
- Apollo 13 is launched toward the Moon
- 100,000 people demonstrate in Washington D.C against the Vietnam War
- The Isle of Wight Festival takes place off the coast of England (Jimi Hendrix, The Who, The Doors, Chicago, Joan Baez performed).
- Concept albums become popular
- Larger concert venues
1960- Soul Music genre is formed
- combination of gospel music and R&B
- Ray Charles
- Stevie Wonder
- James Brown
- Sam Cooke
- Jackie Wilson
- Wilson Pickett
- Otis Reading
- Aretha Franklin Chitlin Circuit:
-particular concert halls that are the major places for the performers to play at for the soul genre. Ray Charles: (1920-2004)
- pioneer of soul music
1955- "I Got a Woman"
1960 - "Let the Good Times Roll" 1960 - Mowtown Records
- Founded by Berry Gordy Jr.
- had the H-D-H songwriters
- "Heat Wave" Martha and the Vandellas
- "Where did our love go?" The Supremes
- "Baby I need your loving" The Temptations 1970's: Progressive rock
- Rock and roll musicians combined classical and rock music
- used different instuments such as the mellotron, keyboards, synthesizers, and moog.
- a lot of improvisation, extended songs, and long instrumental sections. Pink Floyd: (1965-1996)
- progressive rock band
- 1967 The Piper at the Gates of Dawn
- 1968 A Saucerful of Secrets
- 1971 Meddle
- 1977 Animals
- 1979 The Wall Genesis: (1967-1999)
- Progressive rock band
- 1969 From Genesis to Revelation Frank Zappa: (1940-1993)
- composer, guitarist, record producer, and film director.
- progressive rock artist
- 1985 Freak Out
- 1967 We're Only in it for the Money (response to the Beatles theme album)
- 1974 "Don't Eat The Yellow Snow" Contemporary Progressive Rockers:
- The Mars Volta (2001-present)
- Tool (1990- present)
- Rush (1968 - present)
- Porcupine Tree (1987 - present)
- Dream Theatre (1985 - present) 1970 - present: Reggae
- developed from ska and rocksteady
- accents the off-beat, and is normally slower than ska and faster than rocksteady
- Bob Marley (1945-1981)
- 1973 "Get up Stand up"
- 1980 "Could You Be Loved" 1970s - present : Heavy Metal
- Developed in the United Kingdom and the United States
- Insprired by blues-rock and psychedelic rock
- Use a lot of distortion, extended guitar solos, emphatic beats, and loud volume.
Black Sabbath: (1968-2006)
- English heavy metal band formed in Birmingham
- 1970 "Black Sabbath"
- 1970 "The Wizard" Led Zeppelin: 1968-1980
- English rock band
- 1971 "Black Dog"
- 1972 How The West Was Won 1980-1990: Funk
- blend of soul music and R&B into a more rhythmic and danceable form.
- Sly and The Family Stone
- Earth, Wind, and Fire
- Mace Parker 1970 - early 1980s: Disco
- Originated in New York City and Philadelphia
- The music was danceable, repetitive and had a drum groove
- The Village People
- ABBA 1970- present: Soft Rock
- Combination of rock and roll and folk rock
- Uses a softer more toned down sound
- Steely Dan 'Peg'
- James Taylor
- Carol King
- Billy Joel
- Bruce Springsteen 1970: Glitter Rock
- a style of rock and pop that was preformed by singers and musicians in outrageous clothing, makeup and hairstyles
- David Bowie "Ziggy Stardust" 1974- present: Punk
- antieverything
- part of a counter culture
- Ramones
- Sex Pistols
- The Clash 1970- 1980, a revival in 2000s: New Wave
- was a reaction to punk music
- used synthesizers
- Human League
- Gary Newman
- Blondie
- Talking Heads - Rapid economic growth and laissez-faire economic policies
- arcade games grew in popularity
1980 - present: Hip Hop
- Uses rapping, DJ's, sampling, scratcing and beat boxing
- Originated in South Bronx of New York City
- Run-DMC
- LL Cool J
- The Beastie Boys Michael Buble: 1975-
- Has been an active singer and songwriter since 1996
- Crooner
- 2006 "Save the last dance for me"
- 2003 "Sway"
- 2005 "Home" Tim McGraw: 1967-
- Country singer and actor
- "Indian Outlaw"
- "Don't Take the Girl"
- "I Like it I love it"
- "Something like that"
- Live like you were dying" Jay-Z: (1969-)
- Hip hop artist
-"Heartbreaker"
- "Crazy in Love"
- "Umbrella"
- "Empire State of Mind" - Terrorist attack on US
- A lot of artists reflect this in their writing Taylor Swift: (1989-)
- Country Singer, songwriter, and actress
- "Tim McGraw"
- "Teardrops on my Guitar"
- "Our Song" Carrie Underwood: 1983-
- Country singer, songwriter, and actress
- "Jesus, take the wheel"
- "Wasted"
- "Before he Cheats" Mid 1940s: Bluegrass
- more traditional sounding country music
- focused on improvisation
- Bill Monroe
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