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IP- MH- CH. 5- STATES OF CONSCIOUSNESS- PART 1
Transcript of IP- MH- CH. 5- STATES OF CONSCIOUSNESS- PART 1
Sensory Deprivation- any major reduction in the amount or variety of sensory stimulation.
REST - Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy - a form of sensory deprivation that results in a variety of psychological benefits.
Mental exercise used to alter consciousness. Brain scans (PET and fMRI) reveal changes in the activity of the frontal lobes during meditation.
Why Do We Dream?
An altered state of consciousness, characterized by narrowed attention and an increased openness to suggestion.
Freudian Interpretation of Dreams
THREE DREAM THEORIES
1. PSYCHO-DYNAMIC - emphasizes internal conflict and unconscious forces.
2. ACTIVATION-SYNTHESIS - dream content is affected by motor commands in the brain that occur during sleep but are not carried out.
3.NEUROCOGNITIVE DREAM THEORY - Dreams reflect everyday waking thoughts and emotions.
REM - Rapid Eye Movement - associated with dreaming
NREM - Non Rapid Eye Movement - - characteristic of sleep stages 2,3, and 4.
Snoozing for 25 years
During our lifetime, each of us will spend some 25 years of life asleep.
An individual's awareness of external events and internal sensations under a condition of arousal.
Awareness: awareness of the self and thoughts about one's experiences.
Arousal: the physiological state
of being engaged with the environment
During altered states of consciousness, changes occur in the quality and pattern of mental activity.
Insomnia - Difficulty in getting to sleep or staying asleep.
Nightmares/Night Terrors - Therapy: 1. Draw out the dream 2. Change the dream.
3. Mentally rehearse the changed dream before
you fall asleep.
SLEEP APNEA - Repeated interruption of breathing during sleep.
NARCOLEPSY - A sudden, irresistible sleep attack.
Sleep walking, Sleep talking, Sleep sex
1. Light Sleep
2. Sleep deepens - sleep spindles
3. Appearance of Delta Waves
4. Deep Sleep
A condition of awareness
distinctly different in quality
or pattern from waking
ALTERED STATES OF CONSCIOUSNESS
EEG - WAVE PATTERNS
Mindfulness Meditation: Mental exercise based on widening attention to become aware of everything experienced at any given moment.
Why Do We Get Nightmares? D News
Why Do We Dream? Vsauce
Freudian Interpretation of Dreams - Discovery Channel
LEVELS OF AWARENESS:
1. Higher Level Consciousness: includes the concept of controlled processing and executive function.
2. Lower Level Consciousness: includes automatic processing, daydreaming
3. Altered States of Consciousness: can range from losing one's sense of self-consciousness to hallucinating.
4. Subconscious Awareness - sleeping & dreaming
5. No Awareness - Unconscious thoughts, anesthetized, knocked unconscious.
STREAM OF CONSCIOUSNESS
Term used by William James to describe the mind as a continuous flow of changing sensations, images, thoughts, and feelings.