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Transcript of Thinking Critically
Barriers to Thinking Critically
Stages of Critical Thinking
Using Perspective Review Working Towards Goals
Analyzing Issues Thinking A purposeful, organized, cognitive process that we use to understand the world and make informed decisions. Critical Thinking A deliberate exploration of the thinking process to clarify our understanding and make more intelligent decisions Active Learning Thinking Actively Why is it important to think actively?
What happens when you are passive in your thinking? our influences shape how and what we think.
learning new things reshapes what we think Exploring with Questions Categories of Questions:
(pg.45) Thinking Independently Is the Earth flat? 1. Authorities
3. Factual evidence
4. Personal experience Barriers to Critical Thinking Forms of Resistance anger
clichés Narrow-Mindedness absolutism
fear of change ... More double-think
cognitive dissonance Break Time! Stages of Critical Thinking Dualism Relativism Commitment Not all thinking is equally valid. I should not blindly follow or oppose authority. I must orient myself in an uncertain world and make decisions based on evidence, facts, reasons, debate, and accept responsibility for the consequences of my decisions and actions. When authorities do not have the right answers, everyone has the right to their own opinion; there are no right or wrong answers as everyone's opinion is equally valid There are right and wrong answers. Authority knows the right answers First hand experience (witness) and empirical facts from other sources. Experience provides the material for interpretation and analysis. Here we merely describe our experiences rather than interpret or analyze them. Making sense of our experiences. Includes individual interpretations of experiences as well as collective or cultural world views. Some of our interpretations may be well informed; some may be an opinion or opinions of others. Requires that we raise our level of critical thinking and examine our interpretations of an experience as well of that of others. We must refuse to accept either narrow interpretations or those that are too broad. Analysis is best when done collectively as we each bring differing perspectives and skills to the discussion. Resistance Experience Interpretation Analysis Three Tier Model of Thinking Its All A Matter of Perspective In Class Exercise
1. Describe a belief of yours about which you feel very strongly. Explain the reasons or experiences that led you to this belief.
2. Now, describe a point of view of the same topic that conflicts with your strongly-held belief. Identify some of the reasons why someone might hold this belief.
1. An edited and polished version of your in-class exercise is to be between 300-500 words in length.
2. Be sure to submit your work with your name clearly identified to the Turnitin dropbox on our Blackboard page under the correct exercise by no later than 9pm, Friday 25 January. Alanda's Critical Thinking Idol List For Next Time ... READ: Chapter Three
TOPIC: Solving Problems
DO: Start thinking about a topic for your Letter to Editor proposal quick