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Transcript of Great Expectations
Throughout Pip's journey, his idea of becoming a gentleman gets him into trouble and instead he gets caught up in all the wealth and expectations. He begins to be ashamed of his old life with Joe and wishes to never have to see him again. But then Joe pays Pip a visit and tells him, "You and me is not two figures to be together in London; not yet anywheres else but what is private, and beknown, and understood among friends. It ain't that I am proud, but that I want to be right, as you shall never see me no more in these clothes. I'm wrong in these clothes. I'm wrong out of the forge, the kitchen, or off th' meshes" (175).
The Guardians of the Threshold
In Pip's journey, the guardians of the threshold are Miss Havisham and Estella. Estella is the first guardian and she lets Pip enter the Satis House. In the Satis House is Miss Havisham, who is the second guardian Pip crosses in order to ascend in his journey to gentlemenhood. Miss Havisham and Estella are placed at this stage of Pip's journey because they are the first one to introduce the wealthy part of society to Pip.
The Call to Adventure
The beginning stage of Pip's journey consists of two parts of his Call to Adventure. The first part is in Chapter 1 when he first meets the escaped convict, Magwitch, who orders Pip to bring him food and a file. The convict threatens Pip by saying, "You get me a file. And you get me wittles. Or I'll have your heart and liver out" (Dickens 3). Frightened by these statements, Pip runs home to safety.
The second part of Pip's Call to Adventure is in Chapter 8 when Pip travels to Miss Havisham's house to play with the very beautiful Estella. Before the children even start to play, Estella makes fun of Pip when she says, "He calls the knaves, Jacks, this boy! And what course hands he has! And what thick boots" (46). Pip and Estella begin playing cards while Miss Havisham watches and makes comments about Estella's beauty to Pip.
Crossing the Return Threshold
In this stage of Pip's journey, he tries to smuggle Magwitch out of England and escape death. But they never succeeded because their plans are spoiled by Compeyson, the other convict. Magwitch falls off the boat with Compeyson, gets badly beaten, and is captured and put back in jail from where he escaped. Pip visits Magwitch frequently until he dies and not long before his death is when Pip's disgust towards his benefactor disappears. He says "I only saw a man who had meant to be my benefactor, and who had felt affectionately, gratefully, and generously, towards me" (350).
In this stage of Pip's journey, his once unknown benefactor is suddenly revealed to him. On a stormy night, a strange yet familiar man visits him in the Temple. Pip recognizes this man to be the convict from the marshes when he was a child. The dirty and grimy man tells Pip that his name is Magwitch and that he is his benefactor. Pip has to accept the fact that Magwitch is his benefactor, and not Miss Havisham like he had first thought. Pip was surprised and disappointed of who his benefactor is, but he also discovers the origins of Estella. After putting together all the pieces, Pip figures out the Abel Magwitch is Estella's father and Jagger's housekeeper Molly is Estella's mother. Estella was given to Miss Havisham by Jaggers after Magwitch was put in jail and Molly was convicted of murder.
Pip returns home to reconcile with Joe and marry Biddy. But he discovers the two on their wedding day, and congratulates them and expresses happiness for them. Pip says, "They were both so overjoyed to see me, so proud to see me, so touched by my coming to them, so delighted that I should have come by accident to make their day complete" (375). Pip proceeds to telling Joe and Biddy that he decided to join Herbert and work for Clarriker and Co. to pay back Joe for paying off his debt in affairs.
In Pip's final stage in his heroic journey, Pip returns to Joe and Biddy in the village after 11 years of working abroad with Herbert and Clara. He discovers they have a young child named Pip, in honor of himself.
Pip then returns to the grounds of the Satis House and finds Estella. She tells him about her husband who is now dead after an accident. She says "I've been bent and broken, but―I hope—into a better shape" (380). In the very end, she and Pip part again as friends from the ruined gardens of the Satis House.
Pip's journey is almost at the end, but he becomes incredibly ill and is arrested for his debt but he is not taken to jail because of his illness. Joe comes to his rescue to take care of Pip until he is strong again. As time went on, Pip recovered and Joe became unhappy living in London so he returned home. Pip finds him gone one morning, as well as a letter with a receipt for his debt. Pip says, "I had never dreamed of Joe's having paid the money; but Joe had apid it, and the receipt was in his name" (370).
Crossing the Threshold
Meeting the Mentors
Each of these characters played a specific role in Pip's Heroic Journey.
Mrs. Joe Gargery
Magwitch (The Convict)
The novel is narrated by Philip Pirrip (Pip), he tells his life story from his childhood through his journey of maturation and how he grows up to be a young gentleman. Throughout his transformation, one thing remains unchanged, he falls in love with a wealthy and heartless girl named Estella. Pip receives a fortune from an unknown benefactor to pursue an education, to gain success in wealth and high social class. Along the way Pip is given the aid of several characters in his journey, such as Mr. Jaggers and Herbert Pocket, all in the hopes of being worthy to Estella.
Pip's Heroic Journey
"I left my fairy godmother, with both her hands on her crutch stick...beside the rotten bride-cake that was hidden in cobwebs" (123).
"My young conductress locked the gate, and we went across the courtyard" (42).
"There is already lodging in my hands, a sum of money amply sufficient for your suitable education and maintenance. You will please consider me your guardian" (108).
"After a pause they both heartily congratulated me; but there was a certain touch of sadness in their congratulations that I rather resented" (111).
At this stage, Pip literally crosses the threshold when the novel's setting changes as he leaves the village and arrives in London to meet with Mr. Jaggers. On his last night at Joe's house, Pip feels sorrowful for having to leave in the morning. As Pip finally leaves for London, he suddenly is full of regret for having acted so snobbishly toward those who love him most.
"We changed, and yet again, and it was now too late and too far to go back, and I went on. And the mists had all solemnly risen now, and world lay spread before me" (125).
by Charles Dickens, Pip ventures through a journey to maturation which gives us an insight of our own journeys to maturation. Everyone embarks a journey or journeys at some point in their life, and they are not all the same but they are similar. Like Pip, his journey began with an expectation, and each journey will have its own expectation. But do not be misled by your expectation like Pip was misled by his own expectation. He believed in something that he thought was true, and it ended up that it was not true. Along the way, Pip becomes detached from the ones who love him but then he realizes those relationships are important in his life and journey. Pip learns that through understanding and communication more will be gained rather than through his own expectations. In the end, life is filled with many expectations and the many journeys that lay beyond based on our own expectations.
December 3, 2014
This stage of Pip's journey is determined when he learns from the lawyer Jaggers, in Chapter 18, that Pip will soon receive a large fortune from a benefactor that wishes to remain anonymous. This event enables Pip to proceed into the next part of his journey, which is to move to London and begin to receive an education as a gentleman.
At this stage in Pip's journey his mentor is Mr. Jaggers, who provides a more direct viewpoint into becoming a gentleman and aids Pip in achieving high social class and wealth.
Previously, Pip's mentors were Joe and Biddy. Joe was the first to show him the ways of kindness and caring. Biddy continued Joe's teachings and began to educate Pip.
Afterwards, Pip moves on to Miss Havisham and she shows him the gentlemanly lifestyle that he begins to strive for.
Pip's journey continues and he faces temptation. He begins to spend his money foolishly resulting in debt. But Pip's greatest temptation is Estella. The beautiful girl he fell in love with the first time he saw her. Pip always has his mind on her, which is why she disrupts his journey to becoming a true gentleman. Pip believes that Miss Havisham has saved Pip for Estella to marry.
"It was by the finger-post at the end of the village, and I laid my hand upon it, and said, 'Good-bye, O my dear, dear friend" (124).
Joe is the brother-in-law of Pip and the village's blacksmith. Joe is a hard working and loyal man who is willing to show his gentle and emotional side. Pip describes Joe as "a mild, good-natured, sweet-tempered, easy-going, foolish, dear fellow—a sort of Hercules in strength, and also in weakness" (5). In Pip's journey, Joe represents the father figure archetype. Joe's purpose in Pip's journey is to love him and to show him the right path to manhood. Joe stays with his abusive wife Mrs. Joe because he loves Pip like a son. Although Joe is common and uneducated, he always acts in the favor of the ones he loves especially for Pip. When Pip treats Joe badly, Joe shows wholehearted love for him and he helps Pip when he needs it. Pip takes a trip back home for his sister's funeral, and he recalls something Biddy told him about Joe: "[Biddy] told me how Joe loved me, and how Joe never complained of anything...but ever did his duty in his way of life, with a strong hand, a quiet tongue, and a gentle heart" (222). Joe holds inside him pure goodness, inner peace and acceptance, as well as a sense between right and wrong. Joe's goodness is the reason why he consistently shows love for Pip throughout the novel and why he would rather quietly suffer when Pip treats him coldly.
Mrs. Joe is the older sister of Pip and the wife of Joe Garery. Pip describes her as "not a good-looking woman...with black hair and eyes, [she] had such a prevailing redness of skin, that I sometimes used to wonder whether it was possible she washed herself with a nutmeg-grater instead of soap" (5). Mrs. Joe is abusive and self-important, which is why she represents the bad mother archetype in Pip's journey. With both of Pip's parents dead, Mrs. Joe is left alone with her baby brother to care for by herself with no other family. Joe marries her but she still fears abandonment and needs security, which explains her seemingly evil behavior. Mrs. Joe seeks survival through power and wealth, and all she wants is to be more than just the blacksmith's wife. Towards the beginning of the novel, Mrs. Joe suffers from an attack that knocked her out causing brain damage. Because of the damage in her brain, now she no temper and is patient. Later on in the novel, Mrs. Joe dies and Pip is surprised at the utter sadness he is feeling about her death. Biddy tells Pip what his sister was like before she died: "An so [Mrs. Joe] presently said 'Joe' again, and once 'Pardon,' and once 'Pip.' And so she never lifted her head up any more...because we found she was gone" (222).
Miss Havisham is an elderly woman who lives with her adopted daughter named Estella in the Satis House. When Pip first meets her, he describes "I saw that the dress had been put upon the rounded figure of a young woman, and that figure upon which it now hung loose, had shrunk to skin and bone" (44). Miss Havisham represents the archetype of the villain in Pip's journey. She isolates herself from the rest of the world physically by staying in her house but also in a way that she has no real family. Miss Havisham has not stepped outside her house since she was jilted on her wedding day. Since that day, she sworn revenge on the male sex and uses Estella as her weapon for this revenge. Miss Havisham teaches Estella to be insulting, cruel, and enticing. One day at the Satis House, Pip witnesses "Miss Havisham [embracing Estella] with lavish fondness, murmuring something in her ear that sounded like 'Break their hearts, my pride and hope, break their hearts and have no mercy" (74). When Pip visits the Satis House, he falls in love with Estella. Knowing that this love will end tragically, Miss Havisham continuously encourages Estella to break Pip's heart and encourages Pip to love Estella. Later, Miss Havisham is horrified by Pip's suffering, as well as Estella's suffering, and regrets her actions.
Estella is the adopted daughter of Miss Havisham. In Pip's journey, Estella represents the archetype of the temptress. She was adopted by Miss Havisham with the intention of protecting her from the heartbreak [that men are capable of causing]. Estella was taught to be cruel and alluring, which then she practiced on Pip to make him fall in love for her. She would lure men through her charms and once she had their heart, she would crush it. Estella warns Pip of her intentions: "When you say you love me, I know what you mean, as a form of words; but nothing more. You address nothing in my breast, you touch nothing there. I don't care for what you say at all. I have tried to warn you of this; now, have I not" (283). Later on in the story she marries Bentley Drummle against Miss Havisham's teachings of being a temptress. In the end, Estella's life did not turn out as she had hoped. But ends up expressing her understanding to Pip and his love. When Estella and Pip meet for the last time, she says to him, "When suffering has been stronger than all other teaching, and has taught me to understand what your heart used to be. I have been bent and broken, but ―I hope―into a better shape" (380). In the end, Estella realizes she had thrown away Pip's love by failing to see his value.
In Pip's journey, Herbert Pocket represents the loyal friend archetype. When Herbert was first introduced into the story he was known as the "pale young gentleman". Pip met him in Miss Havisham's garden and they got into a fight. A few years later, Pip travels to London and realizes he is sharing the home of the "pale young gentleman". They laughed, recalling their past, and placed the event behind them. Herbert confides in Pip and tells the history of Miss Havisham and Estella. They also confide in the subject of the heart as Pip expresses his love for Estella and Herbert introduces Pip to Clara. Pip looks up to Herbert as a good friend an important influence in his life: "Herbert Pocket had a frank and easy way with him that was very taking. I had never seen anyone then, and I have never seen anyone since, who more strongly expressed to me, in every look and tone, a natural incapacity to do anything secret and mean" (138). Pip receives Herbert's assistance in the attempt to get Magwitch out of London. Also when Orlick tried killing Pip, Herbert came to the rescue for his friend. Pip is grateful for his friend, "Herbert received me with open arms, and I had never felt before, so blessedly, what it is to have a friend" (266). Herbert offers Pip physical and moral support throughout the novel. In exchange for all Herbert had done for Pip, he provides a job for his friend with Clarikker and Co. Herbert shares loyalty, love, fortune, and misfortune with his good friend Pip.
Pip and Magwitch meet for the very first time in the marshes on the gravesite of Pip's parents. The first feeling Pip feels toward Magwitch the convict was fear, and he never shook loose of that fear until late in the novel. In Pip's journey, Magwitch represents the tragic hero archetype. Magwitch is a desperate but dangerous character that continues to reappear in Pip's life and journey. This all changes when he reveals to Pip that he is is benefactor. He reveals it by saying, "Yes, Pip, dear boy, I've made a gentleman on you...I spec'lated and got rich, you should get rich. I lived rough, that you should live smooth; I worked hard that you should be above work" (250). Magwitch expresses gratitude and admiration for Pip, but Pip only feels disappointed. He spent most of his time repaying Pip for the food and file he gave him long ago on the marshes. Pip's disgust, towards the convict, transforms into admiration for Magwitch. Magwitch is responsible for changing Pip into a "gentleman", but not only with the fortune but with his kindness. The convict's kindness and loyalty for Pip moves him to realizing and regretting his snobbish behavior towards Joe. Sadly, he suffers from injuries that were caused in the attempt to get out of London. On his death-bed, Magwitch says to Pip, "I'm quite content to take my chance. I've seen my boy, ad he can be a gentleman without me" (350. Magwitch dies with dignity and peace, knowing he was successful in transforming Pip into the gentleman he had once wanted to be.