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Copy of The Educated Imagination: The Motive For Metaphor
Transcript of Copy of The Educated Imagination: The Motive For Metaphor
: The Motive For Metaphor
Who Is Northrop Frye?
1) What good is the study of literature today?
2) “Does literature help us to think more clearly, feel more sensitively, or live a better life than we could without it?”
3) In your own opinion, will a scientific society ever outgrow literature, especially poetry?
The Motive For Metaphor
To Sum It All Up
-Claudia, Jennifer, Victoria Cavaliere, Ivy, Victoria Edwards
Before We Get Started
What Exactly is a Metaphor?
A figure of speech that is representative or symbolic of something else, especially something abstract.
It uses language to help a person describe and imagine an occurrence, world, event - anything.
What Do You See?
What are some ways that people express themselves?
Three Levels of Language
1) Language of Self Expression
2) Language of Practical Sense
3) Language of Imagination
By: Wallace Stevens
Which one(s) do you identify with?
Each group will be assigned a stanza from the poem. Dissect each as best as you can and try to find meaning in the metaphors.
Two approaches to how someone can view the world: scientific (intellectual) and imaginative (emotional)
Science follows reason and calculation, while emotion follows art and imagination
We identify with the human world and want to live in something we can relate to
Yet, our understanding of the world comes from knowledge (Delicate balance)
The shipwrecked island metaphor contrasts the two concepts of imagination and reality
-"What it deals with is there"
-"What we like and do not like"
-Intellectual view of reality
-Language of mathematics
-The world we have to live in
-Category of necessity
-Power of construction
-Anything goes, but nothing really happens
-The form of civilization
-Category of freedom
-Opposite ends of
Literature is metaphoric:
It is able to link the inner emotions to the outer realities
Herman Northrop Frye
Born in Quebec on July 14, 1912
Died in Toronto on January 23, 1991
English professor at Victoria College at UofT since 1939
Editor and literary critic
Studied at UofT for philosophy and then theology
Fables of Identity
Creation and Recreation
The Educated Imagination
The Modern Century
A Study of English Romanticism
You like it under the trees in autumn,
Because everything is half dead.
The wind moves like a cripple among the leaves
And repeats words without meaning.
In the same way, you were happy in spring,
With the half colors of quarter-things,
The slightly brighter sky, the melting clouds,
The single bird, the obscure moon-
The obscure moon lighting an obscure world
Of things that would never be quite expressed,
Where you yourself were never quite yourself
And did not want nor have to be,
Desiring the exhilarations of changes:
The motive for metaphor, shrinking from
The weight of primary noon,
The A B C of being,
The ruddy temper, the hammer
Of red and blue, the hard sound-
Steel against intimation-the sharp flash,
The vital, arrogant, fatal, dominant X.