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Western Music History Timeline

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Ji Hoon Kim

on 30 May 2014

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Transcript of Western Music History Timeline

500
1600
1900
BC1200
1820
Western Music History Timeline
Ancient
BC 1200 ~ AD 500
Medieval
Renaissance
Baroque
Background
Classical
Background
Romantic
Modern

- Ancient Greece
- Ancient Rome
- Early Christian
Music of Ancient Rome
Music of Ancient Greece

- Athenaeus
- Limenius
- Mesomedes

- Ancient music is music that is developed in literature culture after a prehistoric music. Ancient western music is refers to music system that is developed from Greece and Rome. Ancienct music has a characteristic of using basic notes and scales. People predict that it is transmitted through oral or written systems.


Rome defeated Greece and adopter their culture, especially musical culture.

BC 1000
Greek absorbed other musical elements from earlier cultures (made them more classical and romantic)
Two Types of Ancient Music
Background
Important Events
Types of Western Ancient Music
Ancient Greek Composers
500 ~ 1400
Background
Medieval music starts right after the Roman empire collapsed. It is very hard to seperate the medieval era and Renaisaunce era. At the beginning of medieval era, the genre of the music was monophonic, but later at the end of medieval, it changed to polyphonic genre.
Two Types of Medieval Music
Influences of Medieval Music
Foreign Influence
- The crusades and Arab love songs
- Middle Ages culture change
- The ideals of courtly love
- The music and songs of troubadours and minstrels
- The patronage of Medieval nobles and women including Eleanor of Aquitaine
Traditional Enlgish influence
- The growth of Christianity in the Dark Ages leading to the introduction of secular music
- The stories and legends of the English, Welsh and Scottish bards
- The ideals of courtly love
- The poets and authors of the era including Geoffrey Chaucer
- The music developed by the Medieval waits
Medieval Music Exmaple
Background
The Renaissance is the period of great artistic resurgance for all of Europe. During this time, art starts to break out of traditional church methods and styles and artists of all kinds started to compose and paint things that had never been imagined before.
The Baroque Era was a new movement in art which introduced a whole new style to art and music all over the world. The general style was one of bold, clear and easily interpreted detail.
Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western music. It encompasses a broad period from roughly the 11th century to the present day. The term "classical music" did not appear until the early 19th century, in an attempt to distinctly "canonize", which is a metaphorical extension of religious concept and use it to develop the music.
Background
Romantic music is a term denoting an era of Western classical music that began in the late 18th or early 19th century. It was related to Romanticism, the European artistic and literary movement that arose in the second half of the 18th century, and Romantic music in particular dominated the Romantic movement in Germany.
Background
1900 ~ 1960
Modern music is type of musics that we can see these days. Some musician historian consider the Modern Era to have ended in approximately 1930. It is the final developed music as time passed from Ancient Western music.
Modern Western Music
Western Baroque Music
Western Renaissance Music
Western Classical Music
Two Types of Renaissance Music
Secular Music
Sacred Music
Non religious music. This was some of the first music ever made that was not created purely to praise the gods.
Musical Elements Used
Free, fluid rhythms for sacred music; dance rhyth, used for secular music
Music controlled, performed by and written for the church. The songs were performed in cathedrals and praised gods or told stories of their great feats.
Musical Elements
A new rhythm figure is introduced for each new section, either an imitation point, a new line of text, or a new variation.
1400 ~ 1600
Famous Composers
- Vivaldi
- Handel
- Bach
Two Types of Baroque Music
Fugue
Concerto Grosso
A polyphonic composition that based on a main theme that is called a subject
An orchestra arrangement in which a few soloist players are backed up by a large group of other players called tutti
Organo
Cantus Firmus
Plainchant melody with one or more voices added. The plainchant melody being the bases, the added voice forms a harmony. Both of the melody are having same texts and are in parallel motion.
Pre-existing melody before the harmony. Basic melody in polyphonic genre of the music.
Appollonians
Dionysians
objectivity of expression, simplicity, clarity (liked Kithara, type of lyre)
subjectivity, emotional abandoned, sensuality
1600 ~ 1750
Genres
- Opera
- Cantata
- Oratorio
- Concerto
- Sonata
Music Elements
Unity of rhythm over a whole movement. Strong feeling of pulse. Movement was defined by certain rhythmic pattern in particular metres.
1750 ~ 1820
Famous Composers
- Haydn
- Mozart
- Beethoven
Musical Elements
Many rhythms at single movement. Different types of rhythm for each movement. Strong feeling of pulse.
Instruments
- Instruments that are used in band music
- Woodwinds (flutes, horns)
- Percussion Instruments
- Stringed instruments (piano, hapsichord)
Musical Elements
Use of speed fluctuations and cross rhythm tend to weaken the barline, resulting in softer pulse.
Western Romantic Music
1820 ~ 1900
Famous Composers
- Franz Schuber
- Richard Wagner

Instruments
- Invented Bass Tuba
- Oboe is modified by Charles Triebert
- More keys were added to woodwinds by Theobald Boehm
Musical Elements
- Rhythmic Complexity
- Fludity
- Hypnotic Repetition (sleepy repetition)
Famous Composers
- John Coolidge Adams
- Claude Bolling
- Elliot Cook Cartner Jr.
- Gordon Shi-wen Chin
Instruments
- Most of the bowed strings
- Most of the woodwinds
- Most of the brass instruments
- Most of the keyboard instruments
- Most of the guitar family
- Most of the percussion instruments
By Ji Hoon Kim
Citations
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_music

http://global.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/398976/Western-music/15686/Ancient-Greece#ref362964

http://www.indiaparenting.com/indian-culture/73_827/western-classical-music.html

http://www.talkclassical.com/blogs/peeyaj/146-greatest-composers-romantic-era.html

http://www.slideshare.net/JesseTeWeehi/exploring-the-elements-of-music

http://www.essential-humanities.net/western-art/music/medieval-renaissance/

http://www.essential-humanities.net/art-overview/western-music-timeline/

http://musiced.about.com/b/2007/03/29/musical-instruments-of-the-romantic-period-the-flute-saxophone-and-the-tuba.htm

http://www.bormanviolins.com/moderncomposers.asp

http://www.naxos.com/education/music_instruments.asp

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