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Copy of Aldous Huxley's Brave New World
Transcript of Copy of Aldous Huxley's Brave New World
Brave New World
Written in 1931 by Aldous Huxley
Published in 1932
Film made in 1998
Predicts developments in reproductive technology, sleep learning, psychological manipulation, and operant conditioning that combine to strongly change society
- The year is 2540 AD
- everyone lives under the command of the World State = a peaceful and stable society where everyone is happy.
- Natural Reproduction is no longer used in order to limit the population in the new world.
- Children are created and raised in hatcheries.
- People are taught at a young age not to stand out
- Bernard and Lenina go on an adventure to learn about the savages when they meet the savages Linda and her son John.
- They take them back to the "brave new world," where John is made a laughing stock.
- John inadvertently creates a riot by showing grief when his mother dies.
- Bernard is exiled for his involvement, but first makes John promise to leave the "brave new world."
- John leaves but is extremely mentally unstable to be on his own.
-does not fit into the society in the World State
- strives to be an individual
- doesn't think like the World State wants him to
-unhappy with his place in society
- sexually involved with Lenina
"Orgy-porgy, Ford and fun, Kiss the girls and make them One. Boys at one with girls at peace; Orgy-porgy gives release." (song made by World State.
Shows how the World State has brainwashed people into believing the only purpose in life is pleasure. The World State conditions people to believe they can play all day long and partake in recreational sex without any emotional ties.
by: Aldous Huxley
Life of Aldous Huxley
Born July 26, 1894 in England
Was a humanist, pacifist, and satrist
Well known for use of psychedelic drugs
Completed first novel at age of 17 (unpublished)
Married a Belgian refugee: Maria Nys in 1919
Had a son: Matthew
Death of Aldous Huxley
Had eyesight problems throughout his life
While on his deathbed, his last wish was for more LSD from his wife
Died November 22, 1963
Death was overshadowed by the assassination of JFK
- John's mother who ran away from the World State when she accidentally became pregnant in order to keep her baby
- Is very open-minded and wants to see the World State and how it has changed since she was last there.
- a worker in the hatchery
- is content with her place in society
- she partakes in recreational sex with men while keeping a relationship with them, then breaks it off and finds someone new.
-currently with Bernard Marx.
John "the savage"
- only character to have grown up outside of the World State
- son of Linda
- is and outsider and is a laughing stock when he comes to the World State
- is emotionally unstable and has a fascination with Shakespeare
"And if ever, by some unlucky chance, anything unpleasant should somehow happen, why, there’s always soma to give you a holiday from the facts. And there’s always soma to calm your anger, to reconcile you to your enemies, to make you patient and long-suffering. In the past you could only accomplish these things by making a great effort and after years of hard moral training. Now, you swallow two or three half-gramme tablets, and there you are. Anybody can be virtuous now. You can carry at least half your morality about in a bottle. Christianity without tears—that’s what soma is." (Strong believer of World State)
A man who is a strong believer of the new ways of the World State tries to convince John that the drug soma solves ones of humanity's oldest problems. It offers a way to deal with unpleasant emotions that would lead to conflict. Soma is being described as a tool to help keep people moral when it can also be seen as a tool used to keep the people happy and from trying to change society.
"Every one works for every one else. We can’t do without any one. Even Epsilons are useful. We couldn’t do without Epsilons. Every one works for every one else. We can’t do without any one. . . ." (Lenina Crowne)
Shows the insincerity of the conditioning: it may be true that every one works for every one else but it is also true that certain castes have a better time of it than the other castes. Shows the power of mind control that forms the basis of the World State society.
can be funny, HOWEVER its aim is not
to amuse, BUT to arouse contempt.
Ridicule, irony, exaggeration, and several
--> almost always present
Utopian and Dystopian Literature
What is Utopia?
--> derives from the Greek words meaning “no place” and “good place”
--> a place or society that appears perfect in every way.
--> The government is perfect, working to improve societies standards of living rather then their own
--> There is no war or disease, only peace and happiness.
Utopian and Dystopian literature
What is Dystopia?
--> derived from the Greek word meaning “bad place”
--> a place or society which is in complete chaos
--> The citizens are all suffering and are miserable
--> in terror, under complete control by the government
--> Often also what, at first, appears to be a Utopian society to the protagonist but then reveals to be a dystopian society (anti-utopia),
1. Industrialization and technological improvements
- Henry Ford and T-model
- introduction of assembly lines
- mass production of goods
2. The Great Depression
- economic struggle all over the world
- people were looking from an escape from the sadness of their lives
1. listen to the synopsis of the book and answer the questions in your workbook by taking notes,
2. compare your notes with a partner,
3. read the synopsis and compare it with your notes of the listening comprehension.
Extract Chapter 2
A “Delta” group, clones all dressed khaki, is going to be trained.
Creating artificial reflexes by constant repetition of stimulus and response.
--> After some 200 repetitions of the same “lesson”, the children will automatically associate books and flowers with pain. They will have developed an instinctive hatred of them.
Aldous Huxley's Brave New World summary
Themes: relevant today
- advances in technology and the internet;
- our tendency to waste time on meaningless diversions such as television and video games;
- consumerism surpassing religion (take Christmas, for example);
- promiscuity surpassing morality;
- issues of eugenics, cloning, stem-cell research and genetic engineering;
- most strikingly, the overly-prescribed and overly-used medications such as anti-depressants and sleeping pills, so like the fictional “Soma” of Huxley’s novel.
-Is it better to be free than to be happy?
- Is the collective more important than the individual?
- Can young people be taught so well that they never question their teachings later?
- Can mankind be conditioned by science?
- Should the individual be limited/controlled for the greater good? If so, how much?
Best of All Possible Worlds
- the year 2054
-the government, the business world and the media = one all controlling state organisation.
-monthly cleansing and correction
-comic play that looks at this world through a series of sketches, songs and music
- loosely based on 1984 and Brave New World
BNW Trailer Compilation